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OpenMediaVault Logo.png
OMV Webinterface.png
Web interface (2013)
DeveloperVolker Theile
Written inWeb interface: PHP, JavaScript (Ext JS)
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release17 October 2011; 7 years ago (2011-10-17)
Latest release4.1.12 (Arrakis)[1] / 5 October 2018; 32 days ago (2018-10-05)[1]
Marketing target
Available inEnglish, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian[2]
Update methodAPT
Package managerdpkg
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
Default user interfaceGNOME Shell
LicenseFree software (GPL v3)
Preceded byFreeNAS v0.7

OpenMediaVault (OMV) is a free Linux distribution designed for network-attached storage (NAS).[3][4] The project's lead developer is Volker Theile, who instituted it in 2009. OMV is based on the Debian operating system, and is licensed through the GNU General Public License v3.[5]


By the end of 2009, Volker Theile was the only active developer of FreeNAS, a NAS operating system that Olivier Cochard-Labbé started developing from m0n0wall in 2005.[6][7][8] m0n0wall is a variation of the FreeBSD operating system, and Theile decided he wanted to rewrite FreeNAS for Linux. The project team had known for months that FreeNAS needed a major rewrite in order to support crucial features.[7] Since Cochard-Labbé preferred to stay with a FreeBSD-based system, he and Theile agreed that Theile would develop his Linux version under a different name;[6] that name was initially coreNAS, but within a matter of days Theile discarded it in favour of OpenMediaVault.[8]

Meanwhile, FreeNAS still needed to be rewritten and maintained. To accomplish this, Cochard-Labbé handed development over to iXsystems, an American company that develops the TrueOS operating system.[7][8]

Technical design[edit]

Theile chose Debian because the large number of programs in its package management system meant that he wouldn't have to spend time repackaging software himself.[9] OpenMediaVault makes few changes to the Debian operating system. It provides a Web-based user interface for administration and customisation, and a plug-in API for implementing new features. One can install plug-ins through the Web interface.



Additional plug-ins[edit]

Additional plug-ins are available via additional package repositories. The majority of those Plug-ins are developed by a group called OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers.[12] The status of all Plug-ins can be viewed online.[13] In October 2014 there were around 30 plugins available. In June 2015 there were more than 70 stable plug-ins available.

Third-party plug-ins[edit]

Some of the software that is controllable via third-party plug-ins are:[14]

Minimum System requirements[edit]

Release history[edit]

For each OpenMediaVault release, Thiele chooses a project code name from Frank Herbert's Dune novels.[17]

Legend: Old version Older version, still supported Current stable version Latest preview version Future release
Version Name Date Base Notes
Old version, no longer supported: 0.2 Ix 2011-10-17[18] Debian 6 Named for the planet Ix.
Old version, no longer supported: 0.3 Omnius 2012-04-18[19] Debian 6 Introduced multi-language web interface and graphical user prompt for rights administration via Access Control List. The release is named for Omnius, a sentient computer network in the Legends of Dune trilogy.
Old version, no longer supported: 0.4 Fedaykin 2012-09-21[20][21] Debian 6 Named for the Fedaykin commandos of the Fremen people.
Old version, no longer supported: 0.5 Sardaukar 2013-08-25[22] Debian 6 Revised API renders v0.4 plugins incompatible.[23]
Old version, no longer supported: 1.0 Kralizec 2014-09-15[24] Debian 7 Improves support for weaker systems; adds a dashboard with support for widgets; improved infrastructure for plug-ins. This release is named for Kralizec, a battle predicted to occur at the end of the universe.
Old version, no longer supported: 2.0 Stone burner 2015-06-29[25][26] Debian 7 Sencha ExtJS 5.1.1 Framework for the WebGUI; revised GUI supports configuration of WiFi, VLAN, et al. This release is named for the stone burner, a nuclear weapon held by House Atreides.
Old version, no longer supported: 3.0 Erasmus[27] 2017-06-13 Debian 8 Named for the robot Erasmus.
Current stable version: 4.0 Arrakis[28] 2018-05-08 Debian 9 Named for the planet Dune.

See also[edit]

  • Comparison of iSCSI targets
  • Direct Attached Storage (DAS)
  • Storage Area Network (SAN)
  • CryptoNAS - NAS specially designed for encrypted partitions (Debian-based Live-CD, GPL)
  • FreeNAS - the FreeBSD-based NAS from which OpenMediaVault was originally forked
  • napp-it - free browser-managed ZFS Internet-Nas-San-Server for user with less computer or OpenSolaris experience
  • NAS4Free - another FreeBSD 11.x-based NAS operating system, NAS4Free is the direct continuation of the original FreeNAS code that was under development from 2005 till 2011 under the name FreeNASfork from FreeNAS
  • NASLite - another low-cost commercial NAS operating system from the developers of NanoNAS
  • NexentaOS - open source OS and enterprise class NAS with kernel based ZFS
  • Open-E - unified file and block storage management software that supports NAS, iSCSI, InfiniBand, Fibre Channel, SAN and Failover
  • Openfiler - CentOS-based NAS operating system
  • PulsarOS - another attempt to create a lightweight NAS operating system
  • Windows Home Server
  • Zentyal


  1. ^ a b "openmediavault/changelog at 4.x - openmediavault/openmediavault - GitHub". 9 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-15.
  2. ^ "OpenMediaVault". Transifex. Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  3. ^ Huber, Mathias (8 December 2009). "FreeNAS: BSD Line and Linux Fork". Linux Magazine. Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  4. ^ Halfacree, Gareth (19 July 2012). "WHS Alternatives: Media Streaming". bit-tech.
  5. ^ GNU General Public License Version 3, 29 June 2007
  6. ^ a b Baader, Hans-Joachim (20 October 2011). "Erste Version der NAS-Distribution OpenMediaVault" [First Version of the NAS Distribution OpenMediaVault]. Pro-Linux (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  7. ^ a b c "FreeNAS vs OpenMediaVault". iXsystems. Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  8. ^ a b c Thoma, Jörg (7 December 2009). "FreeNAS bleibt bei FreeBSD" [FreeNAS Stays on FreeBSD]. (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  9. ^ Seifried, Steven (10 April 2015). "Interview with OpenMediaVault developer Volker Theile". Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  10. ^ "OpenMediaVault Features". Retrieved 2016-08-29.
  11. ^ "OpenMediaVault Package Repository". Retrieved 2016-08-29.
  12. ^, "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers" Retrieved 2014-10-03
  13. ^, "Latest updates..." Retrieved 2014-10-03
  14. ^ "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers Package Repository". Retrieved 2016-08-29.
  15. ^ Debian Website, List of ports
  16. ^ Debian Wiki, Supported Hardware
  17. ^ Theile, Volker (14 July 2011). "First release of OpenMediaVault is called Ix". Retrieved 2016-06-03.
  18. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.2 (Ix) has been released
  19. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.3 BETA available
  20. ^ Package repository for 0.4 (Fedaykin) is up
  21. ^ New updates available - OpenMediaVault released
  22. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.5 (Sardaukar) released
  23. ^ OpenMediaVault Blog. 3rd Party Plug-ins. Retrieved 2013-08-31
  24. ^ OpenMediaVault 1.0 (Kralizec) released
  25. ^ OMV 2.0 (Stone Burner) will be available soon
  26. ^ Release of OpenMediaVault 2.1 (Stone burner)
  27. ^ Theile, Volker (17 December 2015). "OMV 3 (Erasmus) on Debian 8 (Jessie)". Retrieved 2016-06-24.
  28. ^ Theile, Volker (27 February 2017). "Results from SUSE Hack Week". Retrieved 2017-03-16.

External links[edit]