Web interface (2013)
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||17 October 2011|
|Latest release||5.4.3-1 (Usul) / 30 April 2020|
|Available in||English, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux)|
|Default user interface||GNOME Shell|
|License||Free software (GPL v3)|
|Preceded by||FreeNAS v0.7|
OpenMediaVault (OMV) is a free Linux distribution designed for network-attached storage (NAS). The project's lead developer is Volker Theile, who instituted it in 2009. OMV is based on the Debian operating system, and is licensed through the GNU General Public License v3.
By the end of 2009, Volker Theile was the only active developer of FreeNAS, a NAS operating system that Olivier Cochard-Labbé started developing from m0n0wall in 2005. m0n0wall is a variation of the FreeBSD operating system, and Theile decided he wanted to rewrite FreeNAS for Linux. The project team had known for months that FreeNAS needed a major rewrite in order to support crucial features. Since Cochard-Labbé preferred to stay with a FreeBSD-based system, he and Theile agreed that Theile would develop his Linux version under a different name; that name was initially coreNAS, but within a matter of days Theile discarded it in favour of OpenMediaVault.
Meanwhile, FreeNAS still needed to be rewritten and maintained. To accomplish this, Cochard-Labbé handed development over to iXsystems, an American company that develops the TrueOS operating system.
Theile chose Debian because the large number of programs in its package management system meant that he wouldn't have to spend time repackaging software himself. OpenMediaVault makes a few changes to the Debian operating system. It provides a Web-based user interface for administration and customisation, and a plug-in API for implementing new features. One can install plug-ins through the Web interface.
- Multi-language, Web-based graphical user interface
- Protocols: CIFS (via Samba), FTP, NFS (versions 3 and 4), SSH, rsync, iSCSI, AFP and TFTP
- Software-RAID (levels 0, 1, 4, 5, 6, and 10, plus JBOD)
- Monitoring: Syslog, Watchdog, S.M.A.R.T., SNMP (v1, 2c, and 3) (read-only)
- Statistic reports via E-Mail
- Statistic graphs for the CPU-workload, LAN transfer rates, hard disk usage and RAM allocation
- GPT/EFI partitioning >2 TByte possible
- Filesystems: ext2, ext3, ext4, Btrfs, XFS, JFS, NTFS, FAT32
- User and group management
- Access controls via ACL
- Link Aggregation Bonding, Wake On LAN
- Plug-in system
- ClamAV - Antivirus software
- Digital Audio Access Protocol – provides audio files in a local network (also for iTunes)
- SAN and iSCSI – block based access datastores over the network
- Sabnzbd, an NNTP reader designed for automated retrieval of binary files
- Lightweight Directory Access Protocol – Information request and changes of a directory service
- Logical Volume Manager - enables the possibility to create and administrate dynamic partitions
- Netatalk – File-, time- and printserver for Apple Macintosh
- Network UPS Tools, to support the use of an Uninterruptible power supply
- Easy changes to the Routing tables
- usbbackup, which allows (automatic) backups to external USB hard disks
- Plex server and webclient
- Transmission (torrent client)
- OwnCloud – a suite of client-server software for creating file hosting services
- and many more
Additional plug-ins are available via additional package repositories. The majority of those Plug-ins are developed by a group called OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers. The status of all Plug-ins can be viewed online. In October 2014 there were around 30 plugins available. In June 2015 there were more than 70 stable plug-ins available.
Some of the software that is controllable via third-party plug-ins are:
- Aufs, Greyhole, Union mount, and SnapRAID
- Transmission, a BitTorrent client
- BitTorrent Sync
- Calibre, e-book manager
- CUPS, print server
- eXtplorer, Web-based file manager
- pyLoad / JDownloader, download managers
- MySQL / MariaDB, database server
- Nginx, Webserver
- OpenVPN AS, virtual private networking
- Plex, media server
- Syslinux, Preboot Execution Environment
- Roundcube, Web-based mail client
- Clonezilla / rsnapshot / SystemRescueCD, backup
- Sickbeard / SABnzdb / Headphones / Couch Potato, Usenet download managers
- Subsonic, Web-based media streamer and jukebox
- Video Disk Recorder
- VirtualBox, virtual machine host
- WordPress, blog software
- ZFS, an advanced file system
- and many more
Minimum System requirements
- Any Architecture/hardware that is supported by Debian
- 1 GiB RAM
- 4 GiB hard drive, solid-state drive, or USB flash drive with static wear leveling support for the OS.
- 1 hard drive, solid-state drive, or USB flash drive for storing user data
|Legend:||Old version, not maintained||Older version, still maintained||Current stable version||Latest preview version||Future release|
|Version||Name||Release Date||EOL Date||Base||Notes|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 0.2||Ix||2011-10-17||Debian 6||Named for the planet Ix.|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 0.3||Omnius||2012-04-18||2012-12-30||Debian 6||Introduced multi-language web interface and graphical user prompt for rights administration via Access Control List. The release is named for Omnius, a sentient computer network in the Legends of Dune trilogy.|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 0.4||Fedaykin||2012-09-21||2013-12-09||Debian 6||Named for the Fedaykin commandos of the Fremen people.|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 0.5||Sardaukar||2013-08-25||Debian 6||Revised API renders v0.4 plugins incompatible.|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0||Kralizec||2014-09-15||2015-12-26||Debian 7||Improves support for weaker systems; adds a dashboard with support for widgets; improved infrastructure for plug-ins. This release is named for Kralizec, a battle predicted to occur at the end of the universe.|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0||Stone burner||2015-06-29||2017-12-06||Debian 7||Sencha ExtJS 5.1.1 Framework for the WebGUI; revised GUI supports configuration of WiFi, VLAN, et al. This release is named for the stone burner, a nuclear weapon held by House Atreides.|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0||Erasmus||2017-06-13||2018-07-09||Debian 8||Named for the robot Erasmus.|
|Current stable version: 4.0||Arrakis||2018-05-08||2020-06-30||Debian 9||Named for the planet Dune.|
|Current stable version: 5.0||Usul||2020-03-30||Debian 10||Named for the secret name of Paul Atreides (Usul) in Dune.|
- Comparison of iSCSI targets
- Direct Attached Storage (DAS)
- Storage Area Network (SAN)
- CryptoNAS - NAS specially designed for encrypted partitions (Debian-based Live-CD, GPL)
- FreeNAS - the FreeBSD-based NAS from which OpenMediaVault was originally forked
- napp-it - free browser-managed ZFS Internet-Nas-San-Server for user with less computer or OpenSolaris experience
- NASLite - another low-cost commercial NAS operating system from the developers of NanoNAS
- NexentaOS - open source OS and enterprise class NAS with kernel based ZFS
- Open-E - unified file and block storage management software that supports NAS, iSCSI, InfiniBand, Fibre Channel, SAN and Failover
- Openfiler - CentOS-based NAS operating system
- PulsarOS - another attempt to create a lightweight NAS operating system
- Windows Home Server
- XigmaNAS - another FreeBSD-based NAS operating system, XigmaNAS is a continuation of the original FreeNAS code which was developed between 2005 and late 2011
- "openmediavault/changelog at 5.x - openmediavault/openmediavault - GitHub". github.com. 30 April 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "OpenMediaVault". Transifex. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- Huber, Mathias (8 December 2009). "FreeNAS: BSD Line and Linux Fork". Linux Magazine. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- Halfacree, Gareth (19 July 2012). "WHS Alternatives: Media Streaming". bit-tech.
- GNU General Public License Version 3, 29 June 2007
- Baader, Hans-Joachim (20 October 2011). "Erste Version der NAS-Distribution OpenMediaVault" [First Version of the NAS Distribution OpenMediaVault]. Pro-Linux (in German). Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- "FreeNAS vs OpenMediaVault". FreeNAS.org. iXsystems. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- Thoma, Jörg (7 December 2009). "FreeNAS bleibt bei FreeBSD" [FreeNAS Stays on FreeBSD]. Golem.de (in German). Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- Seifried, Steven (10 April 2015). "Interview with OpenMediaVault developer Volker Theile". Canox.net. Archived from the original on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- "OpenMediaVault Features". openmediavault.org. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
- "OpenMediaVault Package Repository". openmediavault.org. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
- github.com, "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers" Retrieved 2014-10-03
- omv-extras.org, "Latest updates..." Retrieved 2014-10-03
- "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers Package Repository". bintray.com. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
- debian.org/ports. Debian Website, List of ports
- wiki.debian.org/Hardware. Debian Wiki, Supported Hardware
- Theile, Volker (14 July 2011). "First release of OpenMediaVault is called Ix". OpenMediaVault.org. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- OpenMediaVault 0.2 (Ix) has been released
- OpenMediaVault 0.3 BETA available
- OpenMediaVault 0.3.x end-of-life
- Package repository for 0.4 (Fedaykin) is up
- New updates available - OpenMediaVault 0.4.0.1 released
- OMV 0.4 EOL
- OpenMediaVault 0.5 (Sardaukar) released
- OpenMediaVault Blog. 3rd Party Plug-ins. Retrieved 2013-08-31
- OpenMediaVault 1.0 (Kralizec) released
- OMV 1.x is now EOL
- OMV 2.0 (Stone Burner) will be available soon
- Release of OpenMediaVault 2.1 (Stone burner)
- OMV 2.x is now EOL
- Theile, Volker (17 December 2015). "OMV 3 (Erasmus) on Debian 8 (Jessie)". OpenMediaVault.org. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- OMV 3.x is now EOL
- Theile, Volker (27 February 2017). "Results from SUSE Hack Week". OpenMediaVault.org. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
- Theile, Volker (21 August 2019). "Releases". openmediavault.readthedocs.io. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
- Theile, Volker (19 April 2019). "Results from Openmediavault Blog". OpenMediaVault.org.