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Web interface (2013)
DeveloperVolker Theile
Written inWeb interface: PHP, JavaScript (Ext JS)
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release17 October 2011; 12 years ago (2011-10-17)
Latest release6.9.8[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 15 November 2023; 10 days ago (15 November 2023)
Marketing target
Available inEnglish, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian[2]
Update methodAPT
Package managerdpkg
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
user interface
LicenseFree software (GPL v3)
Preceded byFreeNAS v0.7

OpenMediaVault (OMV) is a free Linux distribution designed for network-attached storage (NAS).[3][4] The project's lead developer is Volker Theile, who instituted it in 2009. OMV is based on the Debian operating system, and is licensed through the GNU General Public License v3.[5]


By the end of 2009, Volker Theile was the only active developer of FreeNAS, a NAS operating system that Olivier Cochard-Labbé started developing from m0n0wall in 2005.[6][7][8] m0n0wall is a variation of the FreeBSD operating system, and Theile decided he wanted to rewrite FreeNAS for Linux. The project team had known for months that FreeNAS needed a major rewrite in order to support crucial features.[7] Since Cochard-Labbé preferred to stay with a FreeBSD-based system, he and Theile agreed that Theile would develop his Linux version under a different name;[6] that name was initially coreNAS, but within a matter of days Theile discarded it in favour of OpenMediaVault.[8]

Technical design[edit]

Theile chose Debian because the large number of programs in its package management system meant that he wouldn't have to spend time repackaging software himself.[9] OpenMediaVault makes a few changes to the Debian operating system. It provides a Web-based user interface for administration and customisation, and a plug-in API for implementing new features. One can install plug-ins through the Web interface.



By default, OpenMediaVault comes with a limit set of plug-ins. These include:

  • AirPlay – Stream music wirelessly to your iPod/iPad/iPhone/iTunes.
  • ClamAVAntivirus software[11]
  • Diskstats – Complementary plugin to extend system statistics collection by adding I/O statistic graphs.
  • Digital Audio Access Protocol (DAAP) – provides audio files in a local network (also for iTunes)
  • FileBrowser – File managing interface.
  • FTP – Provides a modular FTP/SFTP/FTPS server.
  • Logical Volume Manager – enables the possibility to create and administrate dynamic partitions
  • Network UPS Tools, to support the use of an uninterruptible power supply
  • OneDrive – Synchronizing a shared folder with Microsoft OneDrive cloud storage.
  • PhotoPrism – AI-powered app for browsing, organizing & sharing your photo collection.
  • Podman – A tool for managing containers and images, volumes mounted into those containers, and pods made from groups of containers.
  • S3 – MinIO based high-performance, S3 compatible object storage.
  • ShareRootFs – Provides shared directories on root file system.
  • SNMP
  • TFTP
  • USB Backup – Allows (automatic) backups to external USB hard disks
  • WeTTY – Terminal access in browser over HTTP/HTTPS.

Third-party plug-ins[edit]

Additional plug-ins are available via additional package repositories. The majority of those Plug-ins are developed by a group called OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers.[12] The status of all Plug-ins can be viewed online.[13] In October 2014 there were around 30 plugins available. In June 2015 there were more than 70 stable plug-ins available.

Some of the software that is controllable via third-party plug-ins are:[14]

Minimum System requirements[edit]

Release history[edit]

For each OpenMediaVault release, Theile chooses a project code name from Frank Herbert's Dune novels.[17]

Version Name Release Date EOL Date Base Notes
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.2 Ix 2011-10-17[18] ? Debian 6 Named for the planet Ix.
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.3 Omnius 2012-04-18[19] 2012-12-30[20] Introduced multi-language web interface and graphical user prompt for rights administration via Access Control List. The release is named for Omnius, a sentient computer network in the Legends of Dune trilogy.
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.4 Fedaykin 2012-09-21[21][22] 2013-12-09[23] Named for the Fedaykin commandos of the Fremen people.
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.5 Sardaukar 2013-08-25[24] ? Revised API renders v0.4 plugins incompatible.[25]
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0 Kralizec 2014-09-15[26] 2015-12-26[27] Debian 7 Improves support for weaker systems; adds a dashboard with support for widgets; improved infrastructure for plug-ins. This release is named for Kralizec, a battle predicted to occur at the end of the universe.
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0 Stone burner 2015-06-29[28][29] 2017-12-06[30] Sencha ExtJS 5.1.1 Framework for the WebGUI; revised GUI supports configuration of WiFi, VLAN, et al. This release is named for the stone burner, a nuclear weapon held by House Atreides.
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0 Erasmus[31] 2017-06-13 2018-07-09[32] Debian 8 Named for the robot Erasmus.
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 Arrakis[33] 2018-05-08 2020-06-30[34] Debian 9 Named for the planet Dune.
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0[35] Usul[36] 2020-03-30 2022-06-30[37] Debian 10 Named for the secret name of Paul Atreides (Usul) in Dune.
Current stable version: 6.0[38] Shaitan 2022-05-04[39] ? Debian 11 Named for the Fremen term for demon and later to the transformed God Emperor Leto Atreides II
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  2. ^ "OpenMediaVault". Transifex. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  3. ^ Huber, Mathias (8 December 2009). "FreeNAS: BSD Line and Linux Fork". Linux Magazine. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  4. ^ Halfacree, Gareth (19 July 2012). "WHS Alternatives: Media Streaming". bit-tech.
  5. ^ GNU General Public License Version 3, 29 June 2007
  6. ^ a b Baader, Hans-Joachim (20 October 2011). "Erste Version der NAS-Distribution OpenMediaVault" [First Version of the NAS Distribution OpenMediaVault]. Pro-Linux (in German). Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  7. ^ a b "FreeNAS vs OpenMediaVault". iXsystems. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  8. ^ a b Thoma, Jörg (7 December 2009). "FreeNAS bleibt bei FreeBSD" [FreeNAS Stays on FreeBSD]. (in German). Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  9. ^ Seifried, Steven (10 April 2015). "Interview with OpenMediaVault developer Volker Theile". Archived from the original on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  10. ^ "OpenMediaVault Features". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  11. ^ "OpenMediaVault Package Repository". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  12. ^, "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers" Retrieved 2014-10-03
  13. ^, "Latest updates..." Retrieved 2014-10-03
  14. ^ "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers Package Repository". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  15. ^ Debian Website, List of ports
  16. ^ Debian Wiki, Supported Hardware
  17. ^ Theile, Volker (14 July 2011). "First release of OpenMediaVault is called Ix". Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  18. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.2 (Ix) has been released
  19. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.3 BETA available
  20. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.3.x end-of-life
  21. ^ Package repository for 0.4 (Fedaykin) is up
  22. ^ New updates available - OpenMediaVault released
  23. ^ OMV 0.4 EOL
  24. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.5 (Sardaukar) released
  25. ^ OpenMediaVault Blog. 3rd Party Plug-ins. Retrieved 2013-08-31
  26. ^ OpenMediaVault 1.0 (Kralizec) released
  27. ^ OMV 1.x is now EOL
  28. ^ OMV 2.0 (Stone Burner) will be available soon
  29. ^ Release of OpenMediaVault 2.1 (Stone burner)
  30. ^ OMV 2.x is now EOL
  31. ^ Theile, Volker (17 December 2015). "OMV 3 (Erasmus) on Debian 8 (Jessie)". Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  32. ^ OMV 3.x is now EOL
  33. ^ Theile, Volker (27 February 2017). "Results from SUSE Hack Week". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  34. ^ openmediavault 4 goes EOL
  35. ^ Theile, Volker (21 August 2019). "Releases". Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  36. ^ Theile, Volker (4 May 2022). "Results from Openmediavault Blog".
  37. ^ openmediavault 5 goes EOL
  38. ^ Theile, Volker (4 May 2022). "Releases". Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  39. ^ Theile, Volker (4 May 2022). "Release of openmediavault 6 (Shaitan)". Retrieved 12 May 2022.

External links[edit]