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OpenMediaVault Logo.png
OMV Webinterface.png
Web interface (2013)
Developer Volker Theile
Written in Web interface: PHP, JavaScript (Ext JS)
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release 17 October 2011; 5 years ago (2011-10-17)
Latest release 3.0.80 (Erasmus)[1] / 12 June 2017; 3 months ago (2017-06-12)[1]
Latest preview 4.0.1 (Arrakis)[2] / 24 February 2017; 6 months ago (2017-02-24)[2]
Marketing target
Available in English, Chinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian[3]
Update method APT
Package manager dpkg
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface GNOME Shell
License Free software (GPL v3)
Preceded by FreeNAS v0.7
Official website

OpenMediaVault (OMV) is a free Linux distribution designed for network-attached storage (NAS).[4][5] The project's lead developer is Volker Theile, who instituted it in 2009.[6] OMV is based on the Debian operating system, and is licensed through the GNU General Public License v3.[7]


By the end of 2009, Volker Theile was the only active developer of FreeNAS, a NAS operating system that Olivier Cochard-Labbé started developing from m0n0wall in 2005.[8][9][10] m0n0wall is a variation of the FreeBSD operating system, and Theile decided he wanted to rewrite FreeNAS for Linux. The project team had known for months that FreeNAS needed a major rewrite in order to support crucial features.[9] Since Cochard-Labbé preferred to stay with a FreeBSD-based system, he and Theile agreed that Theile would develop his Linux version under a different name;[8] that name was initially coreNAS, but within a matter of days Theile discarded it in favour of OpenMediaVault.[10]

Meanwhile, FreeNAS still needed to be rewritten and maintained. To accomplish this, Cochard-Labbé handed development over to iXsystems, an American company that develops the TrueOS operating system.[9][10]

Technical design[edit]

Theile chose Debian because the large number of programs in its package management system meant that he wouldn't have to spend time repackaging software himself.[11] OpenMediaVault makes few changes to the Debian operating system. It provides a Web-based user interface for administration and customisation, and a plug-in API for implementing new features. One can install plug-ins through the Web interface.



Additional plug-ins[edit]

Additional plug-ins are available via additional package repositories. The majority of those Plug-ins are developed by a group called OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers.[14] The status of all Plug-ins can be viewed online.[15] In October 2014 there were around 30 plugins available. In June 2015 there are already more than 70 stable plug-ins available.

Third-party plug-ins[edit]

Some of the software that is controllable via third-party plug-ins are:[16]

Minimum System requirements[edit]

Release history[edit]

For each OpenMediaVault release, Thiele chooses a project code name from Frank Herbert's Dune novels.[19]

Legend: Old version Older version, still supported Current stable version Latest preview version Future release
Version Name Date Base Notes
Old version, no longer supported: 0.2 Ix 2011-10-17[20] Debian 6 Named for the planet Ix.
Old version, no longer supported: 0.3 Omnius 2012-04-18[21] Debian 6 Introduced multi-language web interface and graphical user prompt for rights administration via Access Control List. The release is named for Omnius, a sentient computer network in the Legends of Dune trilogy.
Old version, no longer supported: 0.4 Fedaykin 2012-09-21[22][23] Debian 6 Named for the Fedaykin commandos of the Fremen people.
Old version, no longer supported: 0.5 Sardaukar 2013-08-25[24] Debian 6 Revised API renders v0.4 plugins incompatible.[25]
Old version, no longer supported: 1.0 Kralizec 2014-09-15[26] Debian 7 Improves support for weaker systems; adds a dashboard with support for widgets; improved infrastructure for plug-ins. This release is named for Kralizec, a battle predicted to occur at the end of the universe.
Old version, no longer supported: 2.0 Stone burner 2015-06-29[27][28] Debian 7 Sencha ExtJS 5.1.1 Framework for the WebGUI; revised GUI supports configuration of WiFi, VLAN, et al. This release is named for the stone burner, a nuclear weapon held by House Atreides.
Current stable version: 3.0 Erasmus[29] 2017-06-13 Debian 8 Named for the robot Erasmus.
Future release: 4.0 Arrakis[30] TBA Debian 9.1[30] Named for the planet Dune.

See also[edit]

  • Comparison of iSCSI targets
  • Direct Attached Storage (DAS)
  • Storage Area Network (SAN)
  • CryptoNAS - NAS specially designed for encrypted partitions (Debian-based Live-CD, GPL)
  • FreeNAS - the FreeBSD-based NAS from which OpenMediaVault was originally forked
  • napp-it - free browser-managed ZFS Internet-Nas-San-Server for user with less computer or OpenSolaris experience
  • NAS4Free - another FreeBSD 11.x-based NAS operating system, NAS4Free is the direct continuation of the original FreeNAS code that was under development from 2005 till 2011 under the name FreeNASfork from FreeNAS
  • NASLite - another low-cost commercial NAS operating system from the developers of NanoNAS
  • NexentaOS - open source OS and enterprise class NAS with kernel based ZFS
  • Open-E - unified file and block storage management software that supports NAS, iSCSI, InfiniBand, Fibre Channel, SAN and Failover
  • Openfiler - CentOS-based NAS operating system
  • PulsarOS - another attempt to create a lightweight NAS operating system
  • Windows Home Server
  • Zentyal


  1. ^ a b Theile, Volker (14 June 2017). "Release of openmediavault 3 (Erasmus)". Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  2. ^ a b "Results from SUSE Hack Week". 27 February 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  3. ^ "OpenMediaVault". Transifex. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  4. ^ Huber, Mathias (8 December 2009). "FreeNAS: BSD Line and Linux Fork". Linux Magazine. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  5. ^ Halfacree, Gareth (19 July 2012). "WHS Alternatives: Media Streaming". bit-tech. 
  6. ^ "FreeNAS 8.3 Users Guide". Retrieved 2014-04-28
  7. ^ GNU General Public License Version 3, 29 June 2007
  8. ^ a b Baader, Hans-Joachim (20 October 2011). "Erste Version der NAS-Distribution OpenMediaVault" [First Version of the NAS Distribution OpenMediaVault]. Pro-Linux (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  9. ^ a b c "FreeNAS vs OpenMediaVault". iXsystems. Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  10. ^ a b c Thoma, Jörg (7 December 2009). "FreeNAS bleibt bei FreeBSD" [FreeNAS Stays on FreeBSD]. (in German). Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  11. ^ Seifried, Steven (10 April 2015). "Interview with OpenMediaVault developer Volker Theile". Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  12. ^ "OpenMediaVault Features". Retrieved 2016-08-29. 
  13. ^ "OpenMediaVault Package Repository". Retrieved 2016-08-29. 
  14. ^, "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers" Retrieved 2014-10-03
  15. ^, "Latest updates..." Retrieved 2014-10-03
  16. ^ "OpenMediaVault Plugin Developers Package Repository". Retrieved 2016-08-29. 
  17. ^ Debian Website, List of ports
  18. ^ Debian Wiki, Supported Hardware
  19. ^ Theile, Volker (14 July 2011). "First release of OpenMediaVault is called Ix". Retrieved 2016-06-03. 
  20. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.2 (Ix) has been released
  21. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.3 BETA available
  22. ^ Package repository for 0.4 (Fedaykin) is up
  23. ^ New updates available - OpenMediaVault released
  24. ^ OpenMediaVault 0.5 (Sardaukar) released
  25. ^ OpenMediaVault Blog. 3rd Party Plug-ins. Retrieved 2013-08-31
  26. ^ OpenMediaVault 1.0 (Kralizec) released
  27. ^ OMV 2.0 (Stone Burner) will be available soon
  28. ^ Release of OpenMediaVault 2.1 (Stone burner)
  29. ^ Theile, Volker (17 December 2015). "OMV 3 (Erasmus) on Debian 8 (Jessie)". Retrieved 2016-06-24. 
  30. ^ a b Theile, Volker (27 February 2017). "Results from SUSE Hack Week". Retrieved 2017-03-16. 

External links[edit]