OpenStax College

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OpenStax College is an initiative of OpenStax CNX (formerly Connexions) at Rice University. Since 2012 OpenStax has created peer-reviewed open textbooks, which are available in both printed and digital formats. In December 2012 "College Physics" became the first OpenStax textbook to be released in iBook format.[1]

Aiming to compete with major publishers' offerings,[2][3] the project was initially funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the 20 Million Minds Foundation, and the Maxfield Foundation.[2][4][5] All textbook content is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Licenses and the textbooks can be modified to suit different purposes by users. Specifically, the books use Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which only requires attribution.

List of textbooks[edit]

OpenStax aims to release a total of 25 textbooks and as April 2015 the following books had been released or were forthcoming:

  • College Physics (released June 2012)
  • Introduction to Sociology (released June 2012)
  • Biology (released April 2013)
  • Concepts of Biology (released April 2013)
  • Anatomy and Physiology (released June 2013)
  • Introductory Statistics (November 2013)
  • Principles of Economics (March 2014)
  • Principles of Microeconomics (March 2014)
  • Principles of Macroeconomics (March 2014)
  • Precalculus (October 2014)
  • Psychology (December 2014)
  • U.S. History (January 2015)
  • College Algebra (February 2015)
  • Algebra and Trigonometry (February 2015)
  • Chemistry (March 2015)
  • Introduction to Sociology 2e (April 2015)
  • Prealgebra (October 2015)
  • Calculus (in 3 Volumes) (March 2016)

Textbooks under construction[edit]

OpenStax College is working on the following titles between now and the end of 2016:

  • Astronomy (forthcoming in 2016)
  • Microbiology (forthcoming 2016-2017)
  • University Physics (forthcoming 2016-2017)
  • Elementary Algebra (forthcoming 2016-2017)
  • Intermediate Algebra (forthcoming 2016-2017)
  • American Government (forthcoming 2016-2017)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tilsley, Alexandra. "Free, Unless You Want to Pay". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Smith, Mitch. "Why Pay for Intro Textbooks?". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Coldewey, Devin. "Rice University And OpenStax Announce First Open-Source Textbooks". TechCrunch. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Robe, Johnathan. "Free College Textbooks: Wave of the Future?". Forbes. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Guttenplan, D.D. "Big Savings for U.S. Students in Open-Source Book Program". New York Times. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 

External links[edit]