Open Core Protocol

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The Open Core Protocol (OCP) is a protocol for on-chip subsystem communications. It is an openly licensed, core-centric protocol and defines a bus-independent, configurable interface. OCP International Partnership (OCP-IP) produces OCP specifications. OCP data transfer models range from simple request-grant handshaking through pipelined request-response to complex out-of-order operations.

Legacy IP cores can be adapted to OCP, while new implementations may take advantage of advanced features: designers select only those features and signals encompassing a core’s specific data, control and test configuration.

The Open Core Protocol (OCP) is one of several FPGA processor interconnects used to connect soft FPGA peripherals to FPGA CPUs -- both soft microprocessor and hard-macro processor. Other such interconnects include Advanced eXtensible Interface (AXI), Avalon,[1] and the Wishbone bus.

FPGA vendor Altera joined the Open Core Protocol International Partnership in 2010.[2]


  • Eliminates the ongoing task of interface protocol (re)definition, verification, documentation and support
  • Readily adapts to support new core capabilities
  • Test bench portability simplifies (re)verification
  • Limits test suite modifications for core enhancements
  • Interfaces to any bus structure or on-chip network
  • Delivers industry-standard flexibility and reuse
  • Point-to-point protocol can directly interface two cores



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