Openshaw is an area of Manchester, England, about two miles east of the city centre. Historically part of Lancashire, Openshaw was incorporated into the city of Manchester in 1890. Its name derives from the Old English Opinschawe, which means an open wood or coppice. Openshaw is part of the New East Manchester area and is undergoing extensive redevelopment under the East Manchester Regeneration Scheme.
As a result of the Industrial Revolution, Openshaw became an area of heavy industry with residents working in factories or at Bradford Colliery. Socialism and trades unionism saw a fertile breeding ground in the area and in 1910 the Openshaw Socialists were formed, with Keir Hardie (founder of the Labour Party) as their inaugural guest speaker. Annie Lee became Manchester's first socialist woman alderman in 1936, having been secretary of the Openshaw Independent Labour Party from the 1890s.
The ordnance works closed down after the end of the First World War, and the railway yards also closed as a result, Openshaw has a population only a fraction of that a century ago. Nothing remains of companies such as Ferguson, Pailin & Co. (later GEC Switchgear), the English Steel Corporation, B&S Massey and Crossley Brothers, which employed thousands of people. There is very little industry in the district but Openshaw falls within the East Manchester Regeneration Scheme and new businesses are moving into the area. Openshaw is the 11th most deprived area in the UK as a result of massive de-industrialisation.
It is the site of the Openshaw Citadel.
There are four primary schools in Openshaw, St Clement's C of E Primary School on Abbey Hey Lane, Varna Street Primary School, Higher Openshaw Community School (formerly Clayton Brook Primary School) off High Leigh Road and St Barnabas C of E on Parkhouse Street.
The Openshaw Campus of Manchester College of Arts and Technology on Whitworth Street near Ashton Old Road (A635) specialises in new technical and industrial training - including construction craft and building services, motor engineering and computer technology.
Lime Square redevelopment
As part of the area's redevelopment under the East Manchester Regeneration Scheme a new shopping precinct has been built called Lime Square. The majority of Lime Square is taken up by a Morrisons supermarket that was built in 2010 and is one of the chain's largest locations. It is also home to a McDonald's fast food restaurant which opened in 2013, a doctors' surgery, a B & M, several charity shops, a Greggs bakery, Perito's Express and a Betfred bookmakers'.
Openshaw is served by several bus services, most services are operated by Stagecoach Manchester.
- 7 - Stockport to Ashton-under-Lyne. Operated by Stagecoach Manchester.
- 168 - Chorlton to Ashton-under-Lyne. Operated by Stagecoach Manchester & Manchester Community Transport.
- 169 - Southern Cemetery to Ashton-under-Lyne. Operated by Stagecoach Manchester, Manchester Community Transport and Jpt.
- 171 - Newton Heath to Withington Community Hospital. Operated by Stagecoach Manchester.
- 188 - Manchester to Ryder Brow. Operated by M Travel.
- 219 - Manchester to Ashton-under-Lyne. Operated by Stagecoach Manchester.
- 220 - Manchester to Stalybridge/Tameside General Hospital. Operated by Checkmate, Stagecoach Manchester & First Manchester.
- 221 - Manchester to Duckinfield. Operated by Stagecoach Manchester & First Manchester
- C20 - Manchester Piccadilly Station to Mossley. Operated by Checkmate. (Operates Monday to Friday, once in each direction).
From March 2002, the North East Manchester Advertiser newspaper was delivered free to every home in Openshaw. However, in September 2012 the newspaper ceased publication, resulting in no local news outlet. Partly in response to the void left by the Advertiser, the Openshaw Gazette was launched that same month. Currently the Openshaw Gazette exists as a Facebook page and Twitter account, however it may become a printed newsletter if demand continues to grow.
- Davy Jones (musician)#Early life
Media related to Openshaw at Wikimedia Commons