Operating Passenger Railroad Stations Thematic Resource (New Jersey)

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The Operating Passenger Railroad Stations Thematic Resource is a list of 53 New Jersey Transit stations in New Jersey entered into the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and National Register of Historic Places in 1984 for their architectural, historical, and cultural merit.[1]

Background[edit]

Operating Passenger Railroad Stations
Location New Jersey USA
Architectural style various
NRHP reference # 64000496[2]
NJRHP # 5080[3]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 22, 1984 & September 29, 1984
Designated NJRHP March 17, 1984

Rail service in New Jersey began in 1834. Over the course of the next century, an expansive system operated by competing private companies crisscrossed the state, providing freight, long distance and commuter passenger service.[4][5][6] By the mid 1970s most were financially troubled. Amtrak began operations on May 1, 1971 after having taken over long-distance passenger service considered to be in the nation's best interest, including the Northeast Corridor in New Jersey. Statewide commuter services came under the auspices of the New Jersey Department of Transportation and were operated under contract by Conrail, which had been established in 1976. New Jersey Transit Rail Operations (NJTRO) was established by 1983 when New Jersey Transit (NJT) took over operations.[7][8]

Thematic Nomination[edit]

New Jersey Transit in conjunction with State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) commissioned a field study concluded in 1981 of 112 train station buildings, or head houses, under its jurisdiction that had been built before World War II and were still in operation, which culminated in a report The Operating Railroad Stations of New Jersey: A Historical Survey. After a process of elimination over the next years the SHPO recommended that fifty-three stations be included in a multiple property submission (MPS) thematic nomination (TN); several had been previously designated, some as contributing properties to historic districts.[2] The NJRHP designation took place on March 17, 1984 (#5080).[9] The MPS was made on May 8, 1984.[1] Forty of the stations were entered into the NRHP on June 22, 1984 and the remainder were entered as part of the completed TN on September 29, 1984 (#64000496).[10] Many stations were along former lines that had become part of NJTRO, one of which is used by Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA).

The oldest station building, the Long-A-Coming Depot, built in 1856, and the oldest active station building, Ramsey-Main Street Station, built in 1868, were not listed. Also not included in the TN were two significant individually-listed historic operating stations, Newark Pennsylvania Station and Hoboken Terminal, both of which are major rail hubs that also serve as terminals for light rail, PATH subway trains, and in the case of Hoboken, ferries across the Hudson River. Another former intermodal station, the inactive Communipaw Terminal on the Upper New York Bay, had also been previously listed. There are other stations which have also been listed on the state and federal register, such as Mountain Lakes and Demarest which were not part of the TN since they were inactive at the time, were not considered sufficiently significant, or were not part of the NJT system.

List[edit]

Station Service Locale
Municipality
County
Former railroad service Construction date of station house Designation Status
1 Ampere[11] East Orange
Essex
Lackawanna
Montclair Branch
1908 NJRHP#1073 March 1984
NRHP#84002628
June 22, 1984 (TR)
delisted October 30, 1990
Inactive. Service discontinued April 7, 1991[12]
Station building demolished 1991
2 Anderson Street Pascack Valley Line Hackensack
Bergen
Erie 1869 NJRHP#519 March 17, 1984
delisted March 30, 2011
NRHP #84002520 June 22, 1984 (TR)
delisted May 2011
Active
Listed station building destroyed by fire 2009 and replaced
3 Bernardsville[13] Gladstone Branch Bernardsville
Somerset
Lackawanna 1901 NJRHP#247 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002786 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
4 Bloomfield[14] Montclair-Boonton Line Bloomfield
Essex
Lackawanna 1912 NJRHP#1065 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002631 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
Listed building privately owned[15]
5 Boonton[16] Montclair-Boonton Line Boonton
Morris
Lackawanna 1905 NJRHP#2089 October 19, 1976 NRHP#77000889 July 13, 1977
September 29, 1984 (TR)
Active
6 Bound Brook[17] Raritan Valley Line Bound Brook
Somerset
Jersey Central 1913
Replaced 1847 Elizabethtown & Somerville Railroad Depot
NJRHP#2481 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002787 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active station. Station house (1913) converted to restaurant[18]
7 Bradley Beach[19] North Jersey Coast Line Bradley Beach
Monmouth
Jersey Central 1912 NJRHP#1963 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002749 (TR)
Active
8 Brick Church[20] Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch
East Orange
Essex
Lackawanna 1923
replaced former 1878 Depot
NJRHP#1074 March 17, 194
NRHP#840032 636 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
9 Dover[21] Morristown Line
Montclair-Boonton Line
Dover
Morris
Lackawanna 1902
replaced 1848 M&E station
NJRHP#2109 February 1, 1980
NRHP:80002511 May 23, 1980
September 29, 1984 (TR)
Active
10 East Orange[22] Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch
East Orange
Essex
Lackawanna 1923
replaced original 1836 depot
NJRHP: #
NRHP:84002638 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
11 Elberon North Jersey Coast Line Elberon
Long Branch
Monmouth
Jersey Central 1899 NJRHP#2007 December 19, 1977
NRHP#78001777 June 9, 1978
September 29, 1984 (TR)
delisted October 17 & October 30, 1990
Active
Listed station building lost to fire and replaced[23]
12 Elizabeth Station[24] Elizabeth
Union
Jersey Central
Mainline
1863 NJRHP#2661 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002825 September 29, 1984 (TR)
Inactive
Adjacent to former PRR station used by NJT (NEC)
Proposed incorporation into Elizabeth Midtown Station
13 Fanwood[25] Raritan Valley Line Fanwood
Union
Jersey Central 1874 NJRHP#2680# November 7, 1979
NRHP#80002521 July 17, 1980
September 29, 1984 (TR)
Active
14 Far Hills[26] Gladstone Branch Far Hills
Somerset
Lackawanna 1914 NJRHP#2489 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002789 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
15 Gladstone[27] Gladstone Branch Gladstone
Somerset
Lackawanna 1891 NJRHP#2577 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002792 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
16 Glen Ridge (Montclair Branch)[28] Montclair-Boonton Line Glen Ridge
Essex
Lackawanna 1912 Glen Ridge Historic District (CP)
NJRHP #1087 October 3, 1980
NRHP #82004784 August 9, 1982
NJRH: #3712 March 17, 1984
NRHP: June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
17 Glen Ridge (Boontoon Line)[28] Glen Ridge
Essex
Erie
NYGL
Boonton Line NJT
1883

Glen Ridge Historic District (CP)
NJRHP #1087 October 3, 1980
NRHP #82004784 August 9, 1982
NJRHP: #4075 March 17, 1984
NRHP: September 29, 1984 (TR)
Renamed Benson Street by NJT
Inactive since 2002
Listed station building sold by NJT and converted to private home[29]
18 Hillsdale[30] Pascack Valley Line Hillsdale
Bergen
Erie 1869 NJRHP#537 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002566 June 22, 9184 (TR)
Active
19 Hopewell[31] Hopewell
Mercer
Reading 1876 former D&BB station closed in 1982 NJRHP: #1673 March 17, 1984
NRHP: #84002728 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Inactive
Proposed station on West Trenton Line (NJ Transit)
20 Little Silver[32] North Jersey Coast Line Little Silver
Monmouth
Jersey Central 1890 NJRHP#1999 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002754 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
21 Lyons[33] Gladstone Branch Liberty Corner
Somerset
Lackawanna 1931 NJRHP#2477 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002805 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
22 Madison[34] Morristown Line Madison
Morris
Lackawanna 1916 NJRHP#2141 March 17, 1984
NRHP 84002764 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
23 Matawan[35] North Jersey Coast Line Matawan Monmouth Jersey Central NJRHP#2017 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002756 June 22, 1987 (TR)
Active
Renamed Aberdeen-Matawan by NJT
Listed building not in use since 1982[36]
24 Millington[37] Gladstone Branch Millington
Long Hill Township
Morris
Lackawanna 1901
replaced early-1870s-built M&E Depot
NJRHP#2138 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002767 June 22, 1984
Active
25 Montclair Lackawanna Terminal[38] Montclair
Essex
Lackawanna
Montclair Branch
1913 NJRHP#1155 August 7, 1972
NRHP#73001092 January 8, 1973
September 29, 1984 (TR)
Inactive since 1981; converted to shopping center
26 Morris Plains[39] Morristown Line Morris Plains
Morris
Lackawanna 1915 NJRHP#2170 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002780 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
27 Morristown Morristown Line
Morristown
Morris Lackawanna 1913 NJRHP#2186 October 16, 1979
NRHP#84003514 March 11, 1908
September 29, 1984 (TR)
Active
28 Mountain Avenue[40] Montclair-Boonton Line Montclair
Essex
Erie 1893
eplaced former 1873-built Montclair Railway Depot
NJRHP#1160 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002654 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
29 Mountain Station[41] Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch
South Orange
Essex
Lackawanna 1914 NJRHP#1361 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002656 September 29, 1984 (TR)
Active
30 Murray Hill[42] Gladstone Branch Murray Hill
New Providence
Union
Lackawanna 1891 NJRH#2692 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002826 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
31 Netherwood[43] Raritan Valley Line Plainfield
Union
Jersey Central 1894 NJRHP#2700 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002830 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
32 New Brunswick[44] Northeast Corridor Line New Brunswick
Middlesex
Pennsylvania 1903 NJRH#1875 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002732 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active; serves NJT and Amtrak
33 Newark Broad Street Station[45] Montclair-Boonton Line
Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch
Newark
Essex
Lackawanna 1903
replaced 1836-built M&E Depot
NJRHP#1217 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002662 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
Terminus Newark Light Rail branch since 2006
34 Ocean City Tenth Street Station Ocean City Transportation Center Ocean City
Cape May
Atlantic City Railroad
Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines
1898 NJRHP#1010 March 17, 1984
NRHP84002611 June 22, 1984
Service discontinued 1981
Active as bus terminal
35 Ocean City 34th Street Station[46] Ocean City
Cape May
Atlantic City Railroad
Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines
circa 1885 NJRHP#1011 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002613 June 22, 1984
Service discontinued 1981
Listed station building struck by truck and later demolished
36 Oradell[47] Pascack Valley Line Oradell
Bergen
Erie 1891 NJRHP#612 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002575 June 22, 1984
Active
37 Orange[48] Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch
Orange
Essex
Lackawanna 1918 NJRHP#1335 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002665 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
38 Park Ridge[49] Pascack Valley Line Park Ridge
Bergen
Erie 1872 NJRHP#627 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002577 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
39 Perth Amboy[50] North Jersey Coast Line Perth Amboy
Middlesex
Jersey Central 1923 NJRHP#1899 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002735 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
40 Plainfield[51] Raritan Valley Line Plainfield
Union
Jersey Central 1902 NJRHP#2791 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002837 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
41 Princeton[52] Princeton
Mercer
Pennsylvania 1918
replaced 1865-built UNJ&C Depot
NJRHP#1742 March 17, 1984
NRHP September 29, 1984 (TR)
Inactive
New station house opened 2014 on shortened Princeton Branch[53]
42 Radburn[54] Bergen County Line Radburn
Fairlawn
Bergen
Erie 1930 NJRHP#483 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002580 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
43 Raritan[55] Raritan Valley Line Raritan
Somerset
Jersey Central 1890 NJRHP#2579 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002824 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
44 Red Bank[56] North Jersey Coast Line Red Bank
Monmouth
Jersey Central 1876 NJRNP#2048 January 7, 1976
NRHP#76001172 May 28, 1976
September 29, 1984 (TR)
Active
45 Ridgewood[57] Main Line
Bergen County Line
Ridgewood
Bergen
Erie 1916 NJRHP#647 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002582 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
46 Rutherford[58] Bergen County Line Rutherford
Bergen
Erie 1898
replaced an 1862-built NY&E Depot
NJRHP#667 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002584 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
47 South Orange[59] Morristown Line
Gladstone Branch
South Orange
Essex
Lackawanna 1915 NJRHP#1362 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002669 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
48 Tuckahoe[60] Upper Township
Cape May
Atlantic City Railroad
Philadelphia and Reading Railway
Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines
1894–95
1906
NJRHP#1016 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002626 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Inactive
Cape May Seashore Lines
Seasonal excursion train suspended 2012
49 Upper Montclair[61] Montclair-Boonton Line Upper Montclair
Montclair
Essex
Erie 1892
replaced 1873-built Montclair Railway station
NJRHP#1191 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002673 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
50 Waldwick[62] Main Line
Bergen County Line
Waldwick
Bergen
Erie 1886 NJRHP#716 August 27, 1977
NRHP#78001742 August 27, 1977
September 29, 1984 (TR)
Active
Listed station building not in use by NJT leased to historical society since 2009[63]
51 Watchung Avenue[64] Montclair-Boonton Line Montclair
Essex
Erie 1904
replaced 1873-built Montclair Railway station
NJRHP#1198 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002674 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
52 West Trenton[65] West Trenton Line (SEPTA) West Trenton
Ewing
Mercer
Reading 1929 NJRHP#1650 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84004031 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active
Proposed station on West Trenton Line (NJ Transit)
53 White House[66] Raritan Valley Line Whitehouse Station
Readington Township
Hunterdon
Jersey Central
Rockaway Valley Railroad
1892 NJRHP#1628 March 17, 1984
NRHP#84002726 June 22, 1984 (TR)
Active

Other historic designations[edit]

Among the others stations in the state, most of which of are inactive, listed in the state and federal registers are Allenhurst (NJT)[67] (station building demolished), Butler (NYSW), Cary (CNJ), Demarest (Erie Northern Branch), Great Meadows (L&HR), Long-A-Coming Depot, Maywood (NYSW), Mountain Lakes, North Pemberton (C&A), Pennington (Reading), Pompton Plains (Erie), RioGrande (WJ), Tenafly (Erie Northern Branch), and Washington (DL&W) (demolished).[9]

Abbreviations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NRHP Nomination Form Operating Passenger Railroad Stations TR". National Register of Historic Places. September 29, 1984. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Operating Passenger Railroad Stations Thematic Resource". National Park Service. May 8, 1984. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  3. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places – Multiple/Thematic" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection – Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  4. ^ Treese, Lorett (2006), "Railroads of New Jersey: Fragments of the Past in the Garden State Landscape", google.nl, Stackpole Books, ISBN 9780811732604
  5. ^ Bianculli, Anthony J. (2008), Iron Rails in the Garden State: Tales of New Jersey Railroading, Indiana University Press, ISBN 9780253351746
  6. ^ "The New Jersey Historic Bridge Survey" (PDF). NJDOT. September 1994. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  7. ^ Stover, John F. (1997). American Railroads (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-77658-3.
  8. ^ "How was NJ Transit's rail division formed?". quora.com. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "New Jersey and National Register Listings". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection – Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "Operating Passenger Railroad Stations TR". National Park Service. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  11. ^ Ampere New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  12. ^ Morris & Essex Lines Timetable (April 7, 1991 ed.). Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. 1991.
  13. ^ Bernardsville New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  14. ^ Bloomfield New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  15. ^ Lee, Eunice (November 10, 2013). "Bloomfield sheds reputation for stalled redevelopment projects as buildings rise". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  16. ^ Boonton New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  17. ^ Bound Brook New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  18. ^ http://www.nj.com/traffic/index.ssf/2016/08/why_does_bound_brook_have_two_stations_but_none_to.html
  19. ^ Bradley Beach New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey[
  20. ^ Brick Church New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  21. ^ Dover New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  22. ^ East Orange New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  23. ^ "Elberon Train Station". De Biasse & Seminara Architects. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  24. ^ Elizabeth New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  25. ^ Fanwood New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  26. ^ Far Hills New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  27. ^ Gladstone New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  28. ^ a b "Glen Ridge Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  29. ^ Galant, Debbie (May 14, 2012). "Benson Street Station's Fairytale Ending". Baristanet. Essex County, New Jersey. Baristanet LLC. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  30. ^ Hillsdale New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  31. ^ Hopewell New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  32. ^ Little Silver New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  33. ^ Lyons New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  34. ^ Madison New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  35. ^ Matawan New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  36. ^ Sears, Steve (October 26, 2011). "Three Buildings, One Stop: A Closer Look at the Aberdeen-Matawan Train Station". Matawan-Aberdeen Patch. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
  37. ^ Millington New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  38. ^ Montclair New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  39. ^ Morris Plains New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  40. ^ Mountain Avenue New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  41. ^ Mountain Station New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  42. ^ Murray Hill New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  43. ^ Netherwood New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  44. ^ New Brunswick New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  45. ^ Newark Broad Street Station New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  46. ^ Ocean City 34th New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  47. ^ Oradell New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  48. ^ Orange New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  49. ^ Park Ridge New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  50. ^ Perth Amboy New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  51. ^ Plainfield New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  52. ^ Princeton New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  53. ^ "Draft Resolution #2012" (PDF). New Jersey Historic Sites Council. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  54. ^ Radburn New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  55. ^ Raritan New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  56. ^ Red Bank New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  57. ^ Ridgewood New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  58. ^ Rutherford New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  59. ^ South Orange New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  60. ^ Tuckahoe New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  61. ^ Upper Montclair New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  62. ^ Waldwick New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  63. ^ "Looking back on 2009 in Waldwick". NorthJersey.com. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  64. ^ Watchung New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  65. ^ West Trenton New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  66. ^ Whitehouse New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  67. ^ http://focus.nps.gov/AssetDetail/NRIS/80002504