Operation Dragoon order of battle

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This is the order of battle of Allied and German[1] forces during Operation Dragoon in 1944.

Allied land forces[edit]

Seventh Army[edit]

Lieutenant General Alexander Patch

  • Detachment, Army HQ & HQ Company & Special Troops
  • Detachment, HQ Seventh Army (For Beach Control HQ)

SPECIAL FORCES

ENGINEER

  • Company D (rem Map Plat), 378th Engineer Battalion (Separate)
  • 697th Engineer Petroleum Distribution Company
  • Mobile Laboratory, 701st Engineer Petroleum Distribution Company
  • Survey Platoon, 649th Engineer Topographic Battalion
  • Company A, Engineer Camouflage Battalion
  • 1202nd Engineer Fire Fighting Platoon
  • 1204th Engineer Fire Fighting Platoon
  • 1711th Engineer Map Depot Detachment
  • Special Platoon, 460th Engineer Depot Company

MILITARY POLICE

  • 204th Military Police Company
  • 372d Military Police Escort Guard Company
  • 377th Military Police Escort Guard Company (-3 Sections)
  • 504th Military Police Battalion (-2 Companies)
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 759th Military Police Battalion

MEDICAL

  • 1st Advance Section, 7th Medical Depot Company

QUARTERMASTER

  • 94th Quartermaster Railhead Company (-2 Platoons)
  • 138th Quartermaster Truck Company
  • 144th Quartermaster Truck Company
  • Detachment, 202nd Quartermaster Car Company (-)
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 528th Quartermaster Battalion
  • 3357th Quartermaster Truck Company

SIGNAL

  • Army Signal Battalion
  • 226th Signal Operation Company
  • Detachment, 163rd Signal Photo Company
  • 982nd Signal Service Company

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Detachment 72nd Liaison Squadron
  • 11th Postal Regulating Unit
  • Special Service Staff (Office of Strategic Services)
  • Twenty-eight Port Companies and Seven Battalion HQ Detachments.

VI Corps[edit]

Major General Lucian K. Truscott, Jr.

  • HQ & HQ Company, VI Corps

COMBAT COMMAND

  • Combat Command Sudre 1ere Division Blindee
  • Attached:
    • 1ere Cie, 9e Regt Chasseurs d'Afrique
    • Det, 661/2 Cie De Reparation Engines Blindee
    • 66e Cie de Munitions (-)
    • Det, 705 Cie de Ravitaillement en Essence

FIELD ARTILLERY

  • HQ & HQ Battery, VI Corps Artillery
  • HQ & HQ Battery, 6th Field Artillery Group
  • HQ & HQ Battery, 35th Field Artillery Group
  • HQ & HQ Battery, 36th Field Artillery Group
  • 2nd Field Artillery Observation Battalion
  • 36th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun)
  • 59th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer SP)
  • 69th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer SP)
  • 93rd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer SP)
  • 141st Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)
  • 634th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)
  • 937th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)
  • 938th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)
  • 976th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun)
  • 977th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Gun)

ANTIAIRCRAFT ARTILLERY

  • HQ & HQ Battery, 35th Antiaircraft Artillery Brigade
  • HQ & HQ Battery, 5th Antiaircraft Artillery Group
  • HQ & HQ Battery, 68th Antiaircraft Artillery Group
  • HQ & HQ Battery, 105th Antiaircraft Artillery Group
  • 68th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion (Mobile)
  • 72nd Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion (Mobile)
  • 106th Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (SP)
  • 107th Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (Mobile)
  • 108th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion (Mobile)
  • 216th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion (Mobile)
  • 433rd Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (Mobile)
  • 441st Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (SP)
  • 443rd Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (SP)
  • 451st Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (Mobile)
  • 534th Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (Mobile)
  • 895th Antiaircraft Artillery (Automatic Weapons) Battalion (Mobile)
  • 102nd Antiaircraft Artillery Barrage Balloon Battery (VLA)
  • 103rd Antiaircraft Artillery Barrage Balloon Battery (VLA)
  • 104th Antiaircraft Artillery Barrage Balloon Battery (VLA)

ARMOR

TANK DESTROYER

CAVALRY

  • 117th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron

CHEMICAL WARFARE

  • 2nd Chemical Battalion Motorized (-1 Company)
  • 3rd Chemical Battalion Motorized
  • 83rd Chemical Battalion Motorized (-1 Company)
  • 6th Chemical Depot Company
  • 11th Chemical Maintenance Company
  • 21st Chemical Decontamination Company (-3 platoons) (Smoke Troops)

ENGINEER

  • 343rd Engineer General Service Regiment
  • 344th Engineer General Service Regiment
  • Company C, (Bailey Bridge), 378th Engineer Battalion (Separate)
  • Company D, (Treadway Bridge), 378th Engineer Battalion (Separate)
  • 1st Platoon, 424th Engineer Dump Truck Company
  • Contact Platoon, 469th Engineer Maintenance Company
  • Survey Platoon, 661st Engineer Topographic Company
  • 6617th Engineer Mine Clearance Company

MILITARY POLICE

  • 206th Military Police Company

MEDICAL

  • 2nd Auxiliary Surgical Group
    • 14 General Surgical Teams
    • 3 Shock Teams
    • 1 Gas Team
    • 3 Orthopaedic Teams
    • 2 Thoracic Teams
    • 2 Neurosurgery Teams
    • 3 Dental Prosthetic Teams
    • 2 Maxillofacial Teams
  • 10th Field Hospital
  • 6703rd Blood Transfusion Unit
  • 11th Field Hospital
  • 11th Evacuation Hospital (Semimobile) (400 bed)
  • 93rd Evacuation Hospital (Semimobile) (400 bed)
  • 95th Evacuation Hospital (Semimobile) (400 bed)

ORDNANCE

  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 43rd Ordnance Battalion
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 44th Ordnance Battalion
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 45th Ordnance Battalion
  • 14th Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company
  • 45th Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company
  • 46th Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company
  • 87th Ordnance Heavy Maintenance Company (Field Artillery)
  • 261st Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company (Anti Aircraft)
  • 3406th Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company
  • 3408th Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company
  • 3432nd Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company
  • 64th Ordnance Ammunition Company
  • 66th Ordnance Ammunition Company
  • 680th Ordnance Ammunition Company
  • 143rd Ordnance Bomb Disposal Squad
  • 144th Ordnance Bomb Disposal Squad
  • 145th Ordnance Bomb Disposal Squad
  • 146th Ordnance Bomb Disposal Squad

QUARTERMASTER

  • 46th Quartermaster Graves Registration Company (-1 Platoon)
  • Platoon, 549th Quartermaster Laundry Company
  • 3426th Quartermaster Truck Company

SIGNAL

  • 1st Signal Center Team
  • 57th Signal Battalion
  • 3201 SIS Detachment
  • 4 Detachments, 163rd Signal Photo Company
  • Detachment A, 117th Radio Intelligence Company

NAVAL

  • 3 Naval Combat Intelligence Teams
  • Naval Gunfire Liaison Personnel
  • 15 Naval Shore Fire Control Parties

3rd Infantry Division[edit]

Major General John W. O'Daniel

ORGANIC UNITS

  • HHC & Special Troops, 3rd Infantry Division
    • 3rd Military Police Platoon
    • 3rd Signal Company
    • 3rd Quartermaster Company
    • 3rd Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
    • 3rd Mechanized Reconnaissance Troop
    • 703rd Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
    • 10th Engineer Combat Battalion
    • 3rd Medical Battalion
  • 7th Infantry Regiment
  • 15th Infantry Regiment
  • 30th Infantry Regiment
  • HHB, 3rd Division Artillery
    • 9th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)
    • 10th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)
    • 39th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)
    • 41st Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

3RD INFANTRY DIVISION BEACH GROUP

  • 36th Engineer Combat Regiment
  • 1st Naval Beach Battalion
  • 72nd Signal Company (Special)
  • Detachment, 207th Signal Depot Company
  • Detachment, 177th Signal Repair Company
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 52nd Medical Battalion
    • 376th Medical Collecting Company
    • 377th Medical Collecting Company
    • 378th Medical Collecting Company
    • 682nd Medical Collecting Company
    • 1st Plat & HQ Detachment, 616th Medical Clearing Company
  • Detachment, Boat Guards
    • 157th Military Police Prisoner of War Detachment
    • 706th Military Police Prisoner of War Detachment
    • 790th Military Police Prisoner of War Detachment
  • Detachment, 377th Military Police Escort Guard Company
  • Company A, 759th Military Police Battalion
  • 1st Platoon, 21st Chemical Decontamination Company (Smoke Troops)
  • Detachment, 63rd Chemical Depot Company
  • 3rd Platoon, 450th Engineer Depot Company
  • 69th Ordnance Ammunition Company
  • Detachment, 77th Ordnance Depot Company
  • Detachment, 977th Ordnance Depot Company
  • 3407th Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company (DUKW)
  • 6690th Regulating Company
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 530th Quartermaster Battalion
    • 4133rd Quartermaster Service Company
    • 4134th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 4135th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 4136th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3277th Quartermaster Service Company
  • 3357th Quartermaster Truck Company
  • 3634th Quartermaster Truck Company
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 52nd Quartermaster Battalion (Mobile)
    • 3333rd Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3334th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3325th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3336th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3353rd Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3355th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
  • Section, 3856th Quartermaster Gas Supply Company
  • 1 Platoon, 93rd Quartermaster Railhead Company
  • 332nd Air Force Beach Detail
  • 111th Beach Section, RAF

36th Infantry Division[edit]

Major General John E. Dahlquist

ORGANIC UNITS

  • HHC & Special Troops, 36th Infantry Division
    • 36th Military Police Platoon
    • 36th Signal Company
    • 36th Quartermaster Company
    • 36th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
    • 36th Mechanized Reconnaissance Troop
    • 736th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
    • 111th Engineer Combat Battalion
    • 111th Medical Battalion
  • 141st Infantry Regiment
  • 142nd Infantry Regiment
  • 143rd Infantry Regiment
  • HHB, 36th Division Artillery
    • 131st Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)
    • 132nd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)
    • 133rd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer)
    • 155th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm Howitzer)

36TH INFANTRY DIVISION BEACH GROUP

  • 540th Engineer Combat Regiment
  • 48th Engineer Combat Battalion
  • 8th Naval Beach Battalion
  • 74th Signal Company (Special)
  • Detachment, 207th Signal Depot Company
  • Detachment, 177th Signal Repair Company
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 56th Medical Battalion
    • 885th Medical Collecting Company
    • 886th Medical Collecting Company
    • 887th Medical Collecting Company
    • 891st Medical Clearing Company
    • 1st Platoon, 638th Clearing Company
  • Co. C, 759th Military Police Battalion
  • 1 Section, 377th Prisoner of War Escort Guard Company
  • Detachment, Boat Guards
    • 192nd Provisional Military Police Prisoner of War Detachment
    • 601st Provisional Military Police Prisoner of War Detachment
  • 3rd Platoon, 21st Chemical Decontamination Company (Smoke Troops)
  • Detachment, 63rd Chemical Depot Company
  • 1st Platoon, 450th Engineer Depot Company
  • 603rd Ordnance Ammunition Company
  • Detachment, 77th Ordnance Depot Company
  • Detachment, 977th Ordnance Depot Company
  • 3405th Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company (DUKW)
  • Detachment, 6690th Regulating Company
  • 1 Section, 3894th Quartermaster Gas Supply Company
  • 2nd Platoon, 94th Quartermaster Railhead Co
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 53rd Quartermaster Battalion (Mobile)
    • 3337th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3338th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3339th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3340th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3354th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
    • 3356th Quartermaster Truck Company (DUKW)
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 259th Quartermaster Battalion
    • 3286th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3287th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3288th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3289th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3299th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3300th Quartermaster Service Company
  • 3427th Quartermaster Truck Company
  • 3360th Quartermaster Truck Company
  • Air Force Beach Detail
  • 111th Brick Section, RAF

45th Infantry Division[edit]

Major General William W. Eagles

ORGANIC UNITS

45TH INFANTRY DIVISION BEACH GROUP

  • 40th Engineer Combat Regiment
  • 4th Naval Beach Battalion
  • 71st Signal Company (Special)
  • Detachment, 207th Signal Depot Company
  • Detachment, 177th Signal Repair Company
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 58th Medical Battalion
    • 388th Medical Collecting Company
    • 389th Medical Collecting Company
    • 390th Medical Collecting Company
    • 514th Medical Clearing Company
    • 2nd Platoon, 616th Clearing Company
  • Company B, 759th Military Police Battalion
  • 1 Section, 377th Prisoner of War Escort Guard Company
  • Detachment, Boat Guards
    • 133rd Provisional Prisoner of War Detachment
    • 175th Provisional Prisoner of War Detachment
    • 191st Provisional Prisoner of War Detachment
  • 3rd Platoon, 21st Chemical Decontamination Company (Smoke Troops)
  • Detachment, 63rd Chemical Depot Company
  • 2nd Platoon, 450th Engineer Depot Company
  • 682nd Ordnance Ammunition Company
  • Detachment, 77th Ordnance Depot Company
  • Detachment, 977th Ordnance Depot Company
  • 3487th Ordnance Medium Automotive Maintenance Company (DUKW)
  • 3633rd Quartermaster Truck Company
  • Detachment, 6690th Regulating Company
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 147th Quartermaster Battalion (Mobile)
    • 829th Amphibian Truck Company
    • 830th Amphibian Truck Company
    • 831st Amphibian Truck Company
    • 832nd Amphibian Truck Company
  • 1 Section, 3894th Quartermaster Gas Supply Company
  • HQ & HQ Detachment, 240th Quartermaster Battalion
    • 3250th Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3251st Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3252nd Quartermaster Service Company
    • 3253rd Quartermaster Service Company
    • 4053rd Quartermaster Service Company
  • Platoon, 94th Quartermaster Railhead Company
  • 3425th Quartermaster Truck Company
  • Air Force Beach Detail
  • 110th Beach Section, RAF

Armee "B"[edit]

Général d'armée Jean de Lattre de Tassigny

  • Etat-major de l'Armée "B", compagnie de quartier général 162/27 (-)

2ème Corps d'Armee[edit]

Général de corps d'armée Edgard de Larminat

  • Etat-major du 2ème Corps d'Armée et compagnie de quartier général 75

Divisions

FIELD ARTILLERY

  • Etat-major du Groupement d'artillerie
  • No. 1 Detachment, 1st Field Artillery Observation Battalion (US)
  • 1er groupe du Régiment d'Artillerie Coloniale du Levant
  • 3ème groupe du 65e Régiment d'Artillerie

Anti Aircraft Artillery

  • Detachment, HQ & HQ Battery, 34th AAA Brigade (US)
  • 62nd AAA Gun Battalion (US)
  • Detachment, HQ & HQ Battery, 80th AAA Group (US)
  • 893rd AAA (AW) Battalion (SM)

Tank Destroyer

Engineer

  • Compagnie Topographique du Génie No. 31
  • 101ème Régiment du Génie

MILITARY POLICE

  • 521ème Regulatrice Routiere
  • 2e compagnie du 11e groupe de la Garde

MEDICAL

  • 401ème Hôpital d'Evacuation Organe de Réanimation et de Transfusion No. 441/3
  • 405ème Hôpital d'Evacuation
  • 432ème Bataillion Médical
  • 451/1 Depot Avancé
  • 422e Hôpital de Campagne

ORDNANCE

  • Etat-major du 651ème Bataillon de Réparation
    • Compagnie Moyenne de Réparation du Materiel No. 652/1
    • Compagnie Moyenne de Réparation Automobile No. 651/3
    • Compagnie Moyenne de Réparation Automobile No. 652/3
  • 64e Compagnie de Munitions
  • 65e Compagnie de Munitions

QUARTERMASTER

  • 1er bataillon du 8ème Régiment de Tirailleurs Sénégalais, Pioniers
  • Gestion de Subsistance d'Etapes No. 323
  • Gestion de Subsistance d'Etapes No. 325
  • Compagnie Mixte de Ravitaillement en Essence No. 704 (2 detachments)

SIGNAL

  • 61ème Bataillon de Transmissions de Corps d'Armée
  • 6693rd Signal Detachment (Provisional) (US)
  • 3 Detachments, 163rd Signal Photo Company (US)
  • 806ème Bataillon de Construction
  • Detachment, Trans Armée "B"
    • Compagnie d' Exploitation 827/1
    • Station d'Ecoutes 828
    • Groupe de télégraphie militaire 829
  • Détachement du Parc de Transmissions No. 810 & Détachement de la Compagnie Technique de Transmissions No. 841

Transportation

  • 11ème compagnie du Groupe de Transport No. 501

Allied air forces[edit]

Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force[edit]

Major General John K. Cannon

XII Tactical Air Command[edit]

Brigadier General Gordon P. Saville

Source: Jackson (1986), p. 221

Mediterranean Allied Coastal Air Force[edit]

Air Vice-Marshal Hugh Lloyd

63rd Fighter Wing

Source: Jackson (1986), p. 222

Provisional Troop Carrier Air Division[edit]

Brigadier General Paul L. Williams

Source: Warren, p. 87

Allied naval forces[edit]

Vice Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt

CONTROL FORCE, Vice Admiral Hewitt

SPECIAL OPERATIONS GROUP Captain H. C. Johnson

Task Force 84 "Alpha Force"[edit]

Rear Admiral Frank J. Lowry

Task Force 85 "Delta Force"[edit]

Rear Admiral Bertram J. Rodgers

Task Force 87 CAMEL FORCE[edit]

Rear Admiral Spencer S. Lewis

Task Force 86 SITKA FORCE[edit]

Rear Admiral Lyal A. Davidson

Task Force 88 AIRCRAFT CARRIER FORCE[edit]

A view from HMS Pursuer, showing some of the other carriers of the TG 88.1, HMS Attacker and HMS Khedive, just prior to Operation Dragoon, 7 August 1944

Rear Admiral Thomas Hope Troubridge RN

TG 88.1[edit]

Rear Admiral T.H. Troubridge RN

TG 88.2[edit]

Rear Admiral Calvin T. Durgin USN

TG 80.6 Antisubmarine and Convoy Control Group[edit]

Captain J. P. Clay

Source: Morison, The Invasion of France and Germany, 1944–1945 (1957), pp. 338–343

German land forces[edit]

Army Group G[edit]

Generaloberst Johannes Blaskowitz

Nineteenth Army[edit]

General der Infanterie Friedrich Wiese

IV Luftwaffe Field Corps[edit]
LXXXV Army Corps[edit]

General der Infanterie Baptist Kneiss

LXII Reserve Army Corps[edit]

General der Infanterie Ferdinand Neuling

LXIV Army Corps[edit]

The Corps swapped units with the IV Luftwaffe Corps in September.

Army Reserve[edit]


German air forces[edit]

Luftflotte 2[edit]

German naval forces[edit]

Kommandierender Admiral der französische Südküste[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Boog, Horst; Krebs, Gerhard; Vogel, Detlef (2006), Volume VII: The Strategic Air War and the War in the West and East Asia 1943–1944/5, Germany and the Second World War, Oxford: Clarendon Press, ISBN 0-19-822889-9, OCLC 316653140
  • Gassend, Jean-Loup, ed. (2014), Operation Dragoon, Autopsy of a Battle, The Liberation of the French Riviera, Atglen PA: Schiffer, ISBN 9780764345807
  • Goddard, William B., ed. (1988), Report of Operations: The United States Seventh Army in France and Germany 1944–1945, Nashville: Battery Press, ISBN 0-89839-124-5, OCLC 1896529
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1957), The Invasion of France and Germany, 1944–1945, Volume XI: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Boston: Little, Brown and Co., OCLC 7320755
  • Jackson, General Sir William; Gleave, Group Captain T. P. (1986), Butler, J.R.M, ed., The Mediterranean and Middle East, History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series, Volume VI Victory in the Mediterranean: Part II - June to October 1944, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, OCLC 59086236
  • Warren, John C. (1955), Airborne Missions in the Mediterranean, 1942–1945 (PDF), Maxwell Air Force Base: US Air Force Historical Research Agency, OCLC 4117022, USAF Historical Study No. 74, archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011, retrieved 30 October 2009