Operation Golden Fleece

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The Operation Golden Fleece (Greek: Επιχείρηση Χρυσόμαλλο Δέρας) was a non-combatant evacuation operation carried out by the Hellenic Navy in August 1993 to evacuate over 1,000 native Greeks from Georgia fleeing the War in Abkhazia to Greece.[1][2]

Greeks in Abkhazia[edit]

After World War II, ethnic Greeks of the Abkhaz ASSR were deported on Joseph Stalin's order in 1949-1950. They were allowed to return in the late 1950s, however their number never reached pre-deportation level.[3]

Most of the Greeks fled Abkhazia (mostly to Greece and Russia) during and after the 1992-1993 war so that their number dropped from 14,664 in 1989 to just 1,486 in 2003.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kalamvrezos, Dionyssis (3 September 2008). "The anniversary of Operation Golden Fleece to evacuate diaspora Greeks from war in Abkhazia". Kathimerini. Archived from the original on September 4, 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008. 
  2. ^ "The government's orderly and thorough evacuation". Kathimerini. 1 September 2008. Archived from the original on November 19, 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008. 
  3. ^ Otto Pohl, J. (1999). Ethnic Cleansing in the USSR, 1937-1949. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 119–128. ISBN 0-313-30921-3. 
  4. ^ 2003 Census statistics (Russian)

External links[edit]