Operation Golden Fleece

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The Operation Golden Fleece (Greek: Επιχείρηση Χρυσόμαλλο Δέρας) was a non-combatant evacuation operation carried out by the Hellenic Navy in August 1993 to evacuate over 1,000 native Greeks from Georgia fleeing the War in Abkhazia to Greece.[1][2]

Greeks in Abkhazia[edit]

After World War II, ethnic Greeks of the Abkhaz ASSR were deported on Joseph Stalin's order in 1949-1950. They were allowed to return in the late 1950s, however their number never reached pre-deportation level.[3]

Most of the Greeks fled Abkhazia (mostly to Greece and Russia) during and after the 1992-1993 war so that their number dropped from 14,664 in 1989 to just 1,486 in 2003.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kalamvrezos, Dionyssis (3 September 2008). "The anniversary of Operation Golden Fleece to evacuate diaspora Greeks from war in Abkhazia". Kathimerini. Retrieved 19 December 2008. [dead link]
  2. ^ "The government’s orderly and thorough evacuation". Kathimerini. 1 September 2008. Retrieved 19 December 2008. [dead link]
  3. ^ Otto Pohl, J. (1999). Ethnic Cleansing in the USSR, 1937-1949. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 119–128. ISBN 0-313-30921-3. 
  4. ^ 2003 Census statistics (Russian)

External links[edit]