Operation Grapeshot order of battle

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Operation Grapeshot order of battle is a listing of the significant formations that were involved in the Spring 1945 offensive in the Apennine Mountains and the Po valley in northern Italy, April 1945 – May 1945.

Allied Forces Headquarters Mediterranean[edit]

Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean Theatre: Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander
Deputy Supreme Allied Commander-in-Chief:: Lieutenant General Joseph T. McNarney
Chief of Staff: Lieutenant-General William Morgan[1]
Air Commander-in Chief Mediterranean Allied Air Forces: Lieutenant General John K. Cannon

Allied 15th Army Group[edit]

Commander: General Mark Wayne Clark
Chief of Staff: Major General Alfred M. Gruenther

Fifth United States Army[edit]

Commander:

Lieutenant General Lucian K. Truscott
Army Troops[edit]
  • 85th Infantry Division (Major General John B. Coulter)
    • 337th Regimental Combat Team
    • 338th Regimental Combat Team
    • 339th Regimental Combat Team
  • 92nd Infantry Division (Major General Edward M. Almond)
    • 370th Regimental Combat Team
    • 442nd (Japanese-American) Regimental Combat Team (attached)
    • 473rd Regimental Combat Team (attached)
  • 758th Light Tank Battalion
  • 760th Tank Battalion (less two companies)
  • 679th Tank Destroyer Battalion
  • 894th Tank Destroyer Battalion (less two companies)
II Corps[edit]
Major General Geoffrey Keyes
IV Corps[edit]
Lieutenant General Willis D. Crittenberger

British 8th Army[edit]

Commander:

Lieutenant-General Sir Richard McCreery
Army Troops[edit]
  • 7th Hussars (amphibious tanks)
  • 12th Lancers (armoured cars)
  • 16th Army Group Royal Engineers
  • 20th Army Group Royal Engineers
  • 22nd Army Group Royal Engineers
V Corps[edit]
Lieutenant-General Charles Keightley
X Corps[edit]
Lieutenant-General John Hawkesworth
XIII Corps[edit]
Lieutenant-General Sir John Harding
Polish II Corps[edit]
Major-General Zygmunt Bohusz-Szyszko (acting commander)
Army Reserve[edit]

Army Group C[edit]

Commander:

General Heinrich von Vietinghoff (to 29 April)
Lieutenant-General Friedrich Schulz (from 29 April to 2 May)
General Heinrich von Vietinghoff (from 2 May)

Tenth Army[edit]

Commander:

Lieutenant-General Traugott Herr

LXXVI Panzer Corps[edit]

Lieutenant-General Graff Gerhard von Schwerin (to 25 April 1945)
Major-General Karl von Graffen (from 25 April 1945)

I Parachute Corps[edit]

Lieutenant-General Richard Heidrich

LXXIII Corps[edit]

Lieutenant-General Anton Dostler
  • Minor units coast watching between the Po and Venice.

LXXXXVII Corps (transferred to Army Group E on 10 April)[edit]

General of the Mountain Troops Ludwig Kübler

Army Reserve[edit]

Fourteenth Army[edit]

Commander:
Lieutenant-General Joachim Lemelsen

XIV Panzer Corps[edit]

Lieutenant-General Frido von Senger und Etterlin

LI Mountain Corps[edit]

Lieutenant-General Valentin Feurstein until March 1945 and then Lieutenant-General Friedrich-Wilhelm Hauck

Army Group Liguria[edit]

Commander: Marshal Alfredo Guzzoni

Corps Lombardia[edit]

Lieutenant-General Kurt Jahn

LXXV Corps[edit]

Lieutenant-General Hans Schlemmer

Army Group Reserve[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson (1988), p. 196.

References[edit]

  • Blaxland, Gregory (1979). Alexander's Generals (the Italian Campaign 1944-1945). London: William Kimber & Co. ISBN 0-7183-0386-5.
  • Carver, Field Marshal Lord (2001). The Imperial War Museum Book of the War in Italy 1943-1945. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-330-48230-0.
  • Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "World War II unit histories and officers". Retrieved 23 July 2007.
  • Jackson, General Sir William & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1987]. Butler, Sir James (ed.). The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume VI: Victory in the Mediterranean, Part 2 - June to October 1944. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-071-8.
  • Jackson, General Sir William & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1988]. Butler, Sir James (ed.). The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume VI: Victory in the Mediterranean, Part 3 - November 1944 to May 1945. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-072-6.
  • Kay, Robin (1967). "Appendix VII — Fifteenth Army Group — Order of Battle as at 9 April 1945". Italy Volume II : From Cassino to Trieste. The Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–1945. Wellington, New Zealand: Historical Publications Branch.
  • "Orders of Battle.com". Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2007.
  • Wendell, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook: German army order of battle". Archived from the original on 29 October 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2007.