Operation Husky order of battle

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Operation Husky Order of Battle is a listing of the significant military and air force units that were involved in the campaign for Sicily, July 10 – August 17, 1943.

Allied Forces[edit]

Allied Forces Headquarters - Mediterranean
Supreme Commander: General Dwight D. Eisenhower

Allied 15th Army Group[edit]

The Allied 15th Army Group was under the command of General Sir Harold Alexander.

U.S. Seventh Army[edit]

The U.S. Seventh Army was commanded by Lieutenant General George S. Patton.

Waiting to Load Tanks in La Pècherie French base in French Tunisia.
American and British troops landing near Gela, Sicily, July 10, 1943.
U.S. II Corps[edit]

The U.S. II Corps was commanded by Lieutenant General Omar Bradley.

U.S. Provisional Corps[edit]

(Headquarters activated on 15 July 1943)[1] Commanded by Major General Geoffrey Keyes.

British Eighth Army[edit]

The British Eighth Army was under the command of General Sir Bernard Montgomery. The British 46th Infantry Division formed a floating reserve, but it did not participate in the Sicily campaign.

Army Troops

British XIII Corps[edit]

The British XIII Corps was commanded by Lieutenant-General Miles Dempsey.

British XXX Corps[edit]

The British XXX Corps was commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leese.

Allied Air Forces[edit]

At the time of Operation Husky, the Allied air forces in the North African and Mediterranean Theatres were organized as the Mediterranean Air Command (MAC) under the command of Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder of the Royal Air Force. The major subdivisions of the MAC included the Northwest African Air Forces (NAAF) under the command of Lt. General Carl Spaatz of the U.S. Army Air Forces, the American 12th Air Force (also commanded by Gen. Spaatz), the American 9th Air Force under the command of Lt. General Lewis H. Brereton, and units of the British Royal Air Force (RAF).

Also supporting the NAAF were the RAF Middle East Command, Air Headquarters Malta, RAF Gibraltar, and the No. 216 (Transfer and Ferry) Group, which were subdivisions of MAC under the command of Tedder. He reported to the Supreme Allied Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower for the NAAF operations, but to the British Chiefs of Staff for RAF Command operations. Air Headquarters Malta, under the command of Air Vice-Marshal Sir Keith Park, also supported Operation Husky.

The "Desert Air Task Force" consisting of American B-25 Mitchell medium bombers (the 12th and 340th Bombardment Groups) and P-40 Warhawk fighter planes (the 57th, 79th, and 324th Fighter Groups) from the 9th Air Force served under the command of Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham of the Northwest African Tactical Air Force. These bomber and fighter groups moved to new airfields on Sicily as soon as a significant beachhead had been captured there.

In the MAC organization established at the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, the 9th Air Force was assigmed as a subdivision of the RAF Middle East Command under the command of Air Chief Marshal Sir Sholto Douglas.[14][14][15][16][17]

Mediterranean Air Command (Allied)[edit]

Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder had his headquarters in Algiers, Algeria.[18]

Principle Sicilian targets of the Northwest African Air Forces for Operation Husky.

Northwest African Air Forces[edit]

Lt. General Carl Spaatz had his headquarters for the Northwest African Air Forces in Maison-Carrée, Algeria[18]

Northwest African Strategic Air Force[edit]

Maj. General James H. Doolittle, in command of the Northwest African Strategic Air Force, had his headquarters in Constantine, Algeria[18]

  • 5th Bombardment Wing (Heavy)
Northwest African Coastal Air Force[edit]

Air Vice-Marshal Sir Hugh Lloyd also had his headquarters in Algiers.[18]

Source[20][21]
British Units American Units
RAF Units 52nd Fighter Group
Lt. Colonel James Coward
Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm Units
Torpedo Spotter Reconnaissance
81st Fighter Group
Lt. Colonel Michael Gordon

Oran, Algeria Sector:
92nd Squadron, P-39 Airacobra fighter planes
1st Air Defense Wing:
91st Squadron, P-39 Airacobras
93rd Squadron, P-39 Airacobras

Bone, Algeria Sector: 350th Fighter Group
Lt. Colonel Marvin McNickle
2nd Air Defense Wing:

No. 153 Squadron, Beaufighters

480th Antisubmarine Group
Colonel Jack Roberts

Notes:

  1. The 1st and 2nd Antisubmarine Squadrons were assigned to NACAF for administration and placed under the operational control of the U.S. Navy Fleet Air Wing 15 of the Moroccan Sea Frontier commanded by Rear Admiral (United States) Frank J. Lowry
  2. Air Ministry was asked to provide two additional Wellington patrol squadrons.[clarification needed] Asked? This is supposed to be an accurate historical document. Many things get asked for, but many less get provided.
Northwest African Tactical Air Force[edit]

Air Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham had his headquarters in Hammamet, Tunisia[18]

Air Vice Marshal Harry Broadhurst

Air Commodore Laurence Sinclair[23][24]

For Operation Husky, No. 242 Group, originally a component of NATAF in February 1943, was assigned to the Northwest African Coastal Air Force (NACAF). At the same time, Air Headquarters, Western Desert became known as the Desert Air Force. All of the fighter units of Desert Air Force formed No. 211 (Offensive Fighter) Group commanded by Air Commodore Richard Atcherley on April 11, 1943 in Tripoli. The 99th Fighter Squadron was assigned to the XII Air Support Command on May 28, 1943, and later made a part of the 33rd Fighter Group.

Northwest African Troop Carrier Command[edit]

United States Paul Williams, in Tunisia

51st Troop Carrier Wing
Brig. General Ray Dunn
52nd Troop Carrier Wing
Colonel Harold Clark
RAF Detachment
60th Troop Carrier Group
Lt. Colonel Frederick Sherwood

10th Squadron, C-47 Skytrains
11th Squadron, C-47s
12th Squadron, C-47s
28th Squadron, C-47s

61st Troop Carrier Group
Colonel Willis Mitchell
No. 38 Wing

Air Commodore William Primrose

62nd Troop Carrier Group
Lt. Colonel Aubrey Hurren

4th Squadron, C-47 Skytrains
7th Squadron, C-47s
8th Squadron, C-47s
51st Squadron, C-47s

313th Troop Carrier Group
Colonel James Roberts, Jr.

29th Squadron, C-47s
47th Squadron, C-47s
48th Squadron, C-47s
49th Squadron, C-47s

An Albemarle towing a Horsa glider.
64th Troop Carrier Group
Colonel John Cerny

16th Squadron, C-47 Skytrains
17th Squadron, C-47s
18th Squadron, C-47s
35th Squadron, C-47s

314th Troop Carrier Group
Colonel Clayton Stiles

32nd Squadron, C-47s
50th Squadron, C-47s
61st Squadron, C-47s
62nd Squadron, C-47s

NATCC - No. 38 Wing - Horsa Glider (1943).
Information in table taken from:

1) Participation of the Ninth and
Twelfth Air Forces in the Sicilian Campaign,
Army Air Forces Historical Study No. 37
Army Air Forces Historical Office Headquarters,
Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, 1945.

316th Troop Carrier Group
Colonel Jerome McCauley

36th Squadron,[26] C-47 Skytrains
44th Squadron, C-47s
45th Squadron, C-47s

Information in table taken from:

2) Maurer, Maurer, Air Force
Combat Units Of World War II,
Office of Air Force History,
Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 1983.

To help carry out transport and supply operations for Operation Husky, in mid-1943 the American 315th Troop Carrier Group (34th & 43rd Squadrons) had been flown from England to Tunisia. There it was assigned to the Mediterranean Air Transport Service, and along with NATCC, this was a subdivision of the Mediterranean Air Command.

Northwest African Photographic Reconnaissance Wing[edit]

Colonel Elliott Roosevelt had his headquarters at La Marsa, Tunisia

Northwest African Air Service Command[edit]

Brig. General Delmar had his headquarters in Dunton, Algiers.[18]

Northwest African Training Command[edit]

Brig. General John K. Cannon,
U.S. APO 525[18]

Air Headquarters Malta[edit]

Air Vice-Marshal Keith Park, the commander of Air Headquarters Malta, had his headquarters in Valletta, Malta[27]

No. 216 (Transport and Ferry) Group[edit]

Air Commodore Whitney Straight, Headquarters at Heliopolis, Egypt[27]

RAF Gibraltar[edit]

Air Vice Marshal Sturley Simpson had his headquarters in Gibraltar

See also: RAF Gibraltar

Middle East Command[edit]

Air Marshal Sir Sholto Douglas Headquarters at Cairo, Egypt[18]

No. 201 (Naval Co-operation) Group[edit]

Air Vice Marshal Thomas Langsford-Sainsbury, Headquarters at Alexandria, Egypt

No Wing assignment: 701 Naval Air Squadron (FAA), Walrus Air-Sea Rescue

Note: RAF=Royal Air Force; RAAF=Royal Australian Air Force; SAAF=South African Air Force; FAA=Fleet Air Arm (Royal Navy); Det.= "detached"

Air Headquarters Air Defences Eastern Mediterranean[edit]

Air Vice Marshal Richard Saul

No. 209 (Fighter) Group
Group Captain R.C.F. Lister
No. 210 (Fighter) Group
Group Captain John Grandy
No. 212 (Fighter) Group
Air Commodore Archibald Wann
No. 219 (Fighter) Group
Group Captain Max Aitken
No. 46 Squadron RAF Det., Beaufighters No. 3 Squadron SAAF, Hurricanes No. 7 Squadron SAAF, Hurricanes No. 46 Squadron RAF, Beaufighters
No. 127 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes and Spitfires No. 33 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes No. 41 Squadron SAAF, Hurricanes No. 74 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes
No. 89 Squadron RAF, Beaufighters No. 80 Squadron RAF, Spitfires No. 238 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes
No. 213 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes No. 94 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes No. 335 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes
No. 274 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes No. 108 Squadron RAF Det., Beaufighters No. 336 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes
No. 123 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes No. 451 Squadron RAAF, Hurricanes
No. 134 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes
No. 237 Squadron RAF, Hurricanes
No. 1563 Met. Flight, Gloster Gladiators
No. 1654 Met. Flight, Gladiators

Notes:
SAAF=South African Air Force; RAAF=Royal Australian Air Forces; Det.=Detached; Met.=Meteorological.

U.S. 9th Air Force[edit]
See also: 9th Air Force

Major General Lewis H. Brereton had his headquarters in Cairo, Egypt[18]

Axis Forces[edit]

Armed Forces Command[edit]

Commanded by Generale d'Armata Alfredo Guzzoni

German[edit]

  • 15th Panzergrenadier Division
    Commanded by Generalmajor Eberhard Rodtfrom June 5. One third of the division (a reinforced infantry group) was attached to Italian XVI Corps and the rest to Italian XII Corps until the activation of XIV Panzer Corps on 18 July.[28]
    • 215th Panzer Battalion-17 Tiger I tanks
    • 104th Panzergrenadier Regiment
    • 115th Panzergrenadier Regiment
    • 129th Panzergrenadier Regiment
    • 33rd Artillery Regiment
    • 315th Antiaircraft Battalion
    • 33rd Pioneer Battalion
  • Luftwaffe Panzer Division Hermann Göring
    Commanded by Generalleutnant Paul Conrath. Attached to Italian XVI Corps until the activation of XIV Panzer Corps on 18 July.[28]
    • 1st Panzergrenadier Regiment "Hermann Göring"
    • Panzer Regiment "Hermann Göring"
      • 1 Panzer Battalion "Hermann Göring"
      • 2 Panzer Battalion "Hermann Göring"
    • Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion "Hermann Göring"
    • Panzer Artillery Regiment "Hermann Göring"
    • Panzer Pioneer Battalion "Hermann Göring"
    • Antiaircraft Regiment "Hermann Göring"
  • 382nd Panzergrenadier Regiment
  • 926th Fortress Battalion

Italian 6th Army[edit]

Under the command of Generale d'Armata Alfredo Guzzoni.[nb 1]
German Army Liaison Officer: Generalleutnant Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin

Italian XII Corps[edit]

Commanded by Generale di Corpo d'Armata Mario Arisio, then Generale di Corpo d'Armata Francesco Zingales on 12 July

  • 26 Mountain Infantry Division Assietta
    Commanded by General Francesco Scotti, then General Ottorino Schreiber on July 26.
    • 29th Infantry Regiment
    • 30th Infantry Regiment
    • 17th "Blackshirts" Legion
    • 25th Artillery Regiment
    • CXXVI Mortar Battalion
    • Engineer Battalion
  • 28 Infantry Division Aosta
    Commanded by General Giacomo Romano.
    • 5th Infantry Regiment
    • 6th Infantry Regiment
    • 171st "Blackshirts" Legion
    • 22nd Artillery Regiment
    • XXVIII Mortar Battalion
    • Engineer Battalion
  • 202 Coastal Division
    • 124th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 142nd Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 43rd Artillery Group (26 batteries, ad hoc regiment)
  • 207 Coastal Division
    • 138th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 139th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 51st Artillery Group (12 batteries, ad hoc regiment)
  • 208 Coastal Division
    • 133rd Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 147th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 28th Artillery Group (6 batteries, ad hoc regiment)
  • 136th Coastal Infantry Regiment
  • Palemo Harbour Garrison
  • 10th Bersaglieri Regiment
  • 177th Bersaglieri Regiment
  • Corps Artillery
    • 30 batteries
  • Battlegroups
    small battlegroups build up from corps units for tactical action.
    • A
    • B
      • Semoventi Battalion HQ
      • Coy R-35 Tanks
      • Coy Semoventi L-40
      • 2 Coy Coastal Infantry (motorized)
      • Plt Bersaglieri (motorcycle)
      • Btry 75/27
      • Sect AA 20/65
    • C
      • Tank Battalion HQ
      • Coy R-35 Tanks
      • Coy Coastal Infantry (motorized)
      • Coy AT 47/32
Italian XVI Corps[edit]

Commanded by Generale di Corpo d'Armata Carlo Rossi.

  • 4 Infantry Division Livorno (Initially held as Army Reserve[30])
    Commanded by General Domenico Chirieleison.
    • 33rd Infantry Regiment
    • 34th Infantry Regiment
    • 28th Artillery Regiment (with 3 AA batteries, the standard was 2)
    • Semoventi L40 Battalion
    • Engineer Battalion
    • Assault Battalion
  • 54 Infantry Division Napoli
    Commanded by General Giulio Cesare Gotti Porcinari.
    • 75th Infantry Regiment
    • 76th Infantry Regiment
    • 173rd "Blackshirts" Legion
    • 54th Artillery Regiment
    • Engineer Battalion
  • 206 Coastal Division
    • 122nd Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 123rd Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 146th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 44th Artillery Group (14 batteries, ad hoc regiment)
  • 213 Coastal Division
    • 135th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • Catania Harbour Garrison
    • 22nd Artillery Group (12 batteries, ad hoc regiment)
  • XVIII Coastal Brigade
    • 134th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 178th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 9 artillery batteries
  • XIX Coastal Brigade
    • 140th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 179th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 4 artillery batteries
  • Corps Artillery
    • 19 batteries
  • Battlegroups
    • D
      • Tanks Battalion HQ
      • Coy Renault R-35 (R-35)
      • Coy MG on motorcycles
      • Coy AT 47/32
      • Coy Infantry
      • Btry 75/18
      • Sect AA 20/65
    • E
      • Coy R-35
      • Coy MG on motorcycles
      • Coy AT 47/32
      • Coy Coastal Infantry
      • Btry 75/18
      • Sect AA 20/65
    • F
      • Coy R-35
      • Coy MG on motorcycles
      • Coy AT 47/32
      • Coy Coastal Infantry
      • Btry 75/27
    • G
      • Blackshirt Battalion HQ
      • Plt R-35
      • Coy AT 47/32
      • Btry 75/18
    • H
      • Coy Fiat 3000
      • Coy AT 47/32
      • Plt mortars
      • Btry 75/18
Navy Garrison[edit]

The major harbors garrisons were under the Italian Navy. Hence, they were not part of the Italian 6th Army, but under the command of General Guzzoni, who was also the Chief of Joint Command.

  • Augusta-Siracusa Harbours
    • 121st Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • Navy Battalion
    • Air Force Battalion
    • 24 artillery batteries (coastal and AA batteries included)
  • Trapani Harbour
    • 137th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 12 artillery batteries (coastal and AA batteries included)
  • Messina-Reggio Calabria Harbours
    • 116th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • 119th Coastal Infantry Regiment
    • Blackshirt Legion
    • Cavalry Battalion (on foot)
    • 55 artillery batteries (coastal and AA batteries included)
XIV Panzer Corps[edit]

Activated 18 July[31] to take command of 15th Panzergrenadier Division, the Hermann Göring Division, the newly arrived 1st Parachute Division and the 29th Panzergrenadier Division which started to arrive in Sicily 18 July.
Commanded by General der Panzertruppe Hans-Valentin Hube.

  • German 1st Parachute Division
    Commanded by Generalleutnant Richard Heidrich. The 1st Parachute Regiment was held in reserve at Naples. Commenced arrival by air on 12 July[32]
    • 3rd Parachute Regiment
    • 4th Parachute Regiment
    • 1st Parachute Machine-Gun Battalion
    • I/1st Parachute Field Artillery Regiment
    • 1st Parachute Pioneer Battalion
  • German 29th Panzergrenadier Division
    Commanded by Generalmajor Walter Fries. Commenced arrival in Sicily 18 July[33]
    • 129th Panzer Battalion
    • 15th Panzergrenadier Regiment
    • 71st Panzergrenadier Regiment
    • 29th Artillery Regiment
    • 313th Antiaircraft Battalion

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ On 17 July Guzzoni delegated tactical command to Hube of any areas containing German troops. On 30 July Guzzoni gave Hube command of the whole front[29]
Citations
  1. ^ Molony, p. 108.
  2. ^ Richard A. Rinaldi, Royal Engineers, World War II at Orbat.com
  3. ^ Molony, p. 81n.
  4. ^ Molony, p. 177n
  5. ^ Molony, p. 102n
  6. ^ Molony, p. 152n.
  7. ^ Molony, p. 79n.
  8. ^ Molony, p. 95n.
  9. ^ Molony, p. 94n.
  10. ^ a b Molony, p. 117n
  11. ^ a b Molony, p. 115n.
  12. ^ Molony, p. 82n.
  13. ^ Molony, p. 234n.
  14. ^ a b Craven, Wesley F. and James L. Cate. The Army Air Forces in World War II, Volume 2, Chicago, Illinois: Chicago University Press, 1949 (Reprinted 1983, ISBN 0-912799-03-X).
  15. ^ Richards, D. and H. Saunders, The Royal Air Force 1939-1945 (Volume 2, HMSO, 1953).
  16. ^ Howe, George F., Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiative in the West, Center of Military History, Washington, DC., 1991.
  17. ^ Army Air Forces Historical Office Headquarters, Participation of the Ninth & Twelfth Air Forces in the Sicilian Campaign, Army Air Forces Historical Study No. 37, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, 1945.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Secret Document 161, Location of units in the Royal Air Force, 34th issue, July 1943, Royal Air Force Museum accession number PR02859.
  19. ^ No. 242 Group was originally a part of the Northwest African Tactical Air Force but which was later[when?] transferred to NACAF
  20. ^ Participation of the Ninth & Twelfth Air Forces in the Sicilian Campaign, Army Air Forces Historical Study No. 37, Army Air Forces Historical Office Headquarters, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 1945
  21. ^ Maurer, Maurer, Air Force Combat Units Of World War II Office of Air Force History, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 1983.
  22. ^ http://www.warwingsart.com/12thAirForce/orman.html
  23. ^ a b Participation of the Ninth & Twelfth Air Forces in the Sicilian Campaign, Army Air Forces Historical Study No. 37, Army Air Forces Historical Office Headquarters Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 1945.
  24. ^ a b Maurer, Maurer, Air Force Combat Units Of World War II, Office of Air Force History Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 1983
  25. ^ http://www.warwingsart.com/12thAirForce/page.html
  26. ^ http://www.warwingsart.com/12thAirForce/316th.html
  27. ^ a b Secret Document 161, Location of units in the Royal Air Force, 34th issue, July 1943, Royal Air Force Museum accession number PR02859.
  28. ^ a b Molony, pp. 43-45.
  29. ^ Molony, p. 44.
  30. ^ Jowett & Andrew (2001), p. 4
  31. ^ Molony, p. 43.
  32. ^ Molony, p. 93.
  33. ^ Molony, p. 45.

References[edit]

  • Juno Beach Centre - Canadian Army units in Sicily
  • Costanzo, Ezio (2008). The Mafia and the Allies: Sicily 1943 and the Return of the Mafia. Enigma Book, New York. 
  • Costanzo, Ezio (2003). Sicilia 1943. Lo sbarco alleato. Le Nove Muse Editrice, Italy. 
  • Hoyt, Edwin P. (2007) [2002]. Backwater War: The Allied Campaign in Italy, 1943-45. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. pp. 228–229. ISBN 978-0-8117-3382-3. 
  • Jowett, Philip S.; Andrew, Stephen (2001). The Italian Army 1940-45. 3: Italy 1943–1945. Oxford: Osprey Military. ISBN 1-85532-866-6.  p.3 to p. 6
  • Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; with Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Davies, Major-General H.L. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1973]. Butler, Sir James, ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume V Part 1: The Campaign in Sicily 1943 and The Campaign in Italy 3rd September 1943 to 31st March 1944. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-84574-069-6.