Operation Model 5

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Operation Model 5
Part of Yom Kippur War
Date 7 October 1973
Location Golan Heights
Result Syrian victory
Belligerents
 Israel  Syria
Commanders and leaders
Benny Peled
Strength
Unknown aircraft Unknown missile batteries
Casualties and losses
2 killed
9 captured
6 aircraft destroyed
6 aircraft damaged
1 missile battery SA-3 destroyed
1 missile battery SA-2 damaged

Operation Model 5 (Hebrew: דוגמן 5, Doogman 5) is the name of an Israeli Air Force operation, and the common name for the ensuing anti-aircraft battle, which took place over the Golan Heights on the October 7, 1973, the second day of the Yom Kippur War.

Model 5 was preplanned as a sweeping operation to destroy all of the Syrian surface-to-air missile (SAM) batteries on the Golan front, by using unguided, general-use bombs dropped from a medium altitude near the targets. The attacking aircraft were to approach the targets at a very low altitude, in order to avoid being detected by Syrian radars (especially fire control and target acquisition radars such as the Flat Face and Long Track).

Due to a lack of updated intelligence and reliance on outdated IMINT, while suffering from an underdeveloped ELINTESM capability, the Israeli aircraft did not find their targets, as these SAM batteries had already moved to other locations.

The outcome of Model 5 was catastrophic for the attacking force: six F-4 Phantom aircraft were lost over Syria and several others were damaged but returned to Ramat David. Most of the damaged aircraft were hit by ZSU-23∙4 air defense artillery guns, which became so deadly due to the sortie's very low altitude. Two crewmen were killed and nine captured by the Syrians, for the destruction of but a single Syrian SAM battery.

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