Operation Piranha

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Operation Piranha
Part of Vietnam War
Operation Piranha D-Day.jpg
Map of Operation Piranha
Date7 - 10 September 1965
LocationBatangan Peninsula, Quảng Ngãi Province, South Vietnam
15°13′08″N 108°54′47″E / 15.219°N 108.913°E / 15.219; 108.913
Result U.S. & South Vietnamese victory
Belligerents
 United States
 South Vietnam
FNL Flag.svg Viet Cong
Commanders and leaders
Col. Oscar F. Peatross
Strength
 United States:
1st Battalion, 7th Marines
3rd Battalion, 7th Marines
 South Vietnam:
2nd Battalion, 4th Regiment
3rd Vietnamese Marine Battalion
1st Regiment
Casualties and losses
United States: 2 killed
South Vietnam: 5 killed
US/ARVN body count: 178 killed

Operation Piranha was a US Marine Corps operation that took place on the Batangan Peninsula southeast of Chu Lai, lasting from 7 to 10 September 1965.

Prelude[edit]

Following the conclusion of Operation Starlite, on 24 August 1965, Marine intelligence concluded that the 1st VC Regiment had withdrawn into the Batangan Peninsula. Reconnaissance photos of the Peninsula showed a V of older field fortifications pointing inland with the open end to the sea and a new second V further inland under construction.[1]

The plan of operations was for a Battalion Landing Team (BLT) of the 1st Battalion, 7th Marines to land across White Beach north of the Peninsula and push south, while 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines, would be helilifted in by MAG-16 to set up blocking positions 4 km inland. 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines would remain available as a floating reserve. The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) 2nd Battalion, 4th Regiment and the 3rd Vietnamese Marine Battalion would be helilifted into the south of 3/7 Marines to clear and search the An Ky Peninsula.[1]:84

Operation[edit]

An LCU loaded with M48s leaves USS Belle Grove

The operation was launched on 7 September 1965, the amphibious landing was unopposed, while the landing of the ARVN force received some minor ground fire.

On 8 September, Company B 1/7 Marines discovered a VC field hospital in a large cave near the center of the Peninsula. The Marines captured four prisoners, but then came under fire from other VC in the cave. The Marines returned the fire and attempted to convince the VC to surrender. Marine engineers then placed explosives in the cave. After the detonation, the Marines counted 66 VC dead inside.

Aftermath[edit]

Operation Piranha concluded on 10 September, the US claimed that 178 VC had been killed and 360 enemy and suspected enemy had been captured. Allied losses were two Marines and five South Vietnamese killed.[1]:87

The operation failed to wipe out the 1st VC Regiment, villagers told the Marines that Vietcong units had been in the area but had left, some less than 24 hours before Operation Piranha had commenced. Intelligence reports later indicated that the 1st VC Regiment began leaving the peninsula on 4 September, coinciding with the increased movement of the amphibious ships at Chu Lai Base Area.[1]:88

Notes[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.