Operation Claw (Turkish: Pençe Harekatı) is an ongoing cross-border military operation by the Turkish Armed Forces into Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan Region against the Kurdistan Workers' Party. Turkish troops fired artillery shells and launched air attacks in the morning of 28 May 2019, followed by a border crossing by the Turkish Army and Gendarmerie Special Public Security Command. On May 30, 2019, the first Turkish losses were recorded: one specialist sergeant and one second lieutenant were killed in action. On 31 May 2019, F16 jets of the 181st Squadron "Leopard" hit PKK targets in the autonomous region. In late June, press sources reported that the Turkish military combat-tested the Boraballistic missile during Operation Claw in Kurdistan Region. In July, the ground operation slowed and only airstrikes were carried out in the Avasin-Basyan, Zap, Metina, Haftanin and Hakurk regions. 182nd Squadron "Accipiter", 181st Squadron "Leopard" and 14th UAV Systems Base Command participated in the operation. On 13 July, Turkey launched counter-terror Operation Claw-2 in N.Iraq On 24 August, Operation Claw 3 was launched in northern Iraq. On 3 September 2019, a senior PKK leader was killed in the region. Nedim Karakulak codenamed Kawa Garzan was in charge of the PKK's logistical support around the Qandil and Hakurk regions.
3 June: At least six PKK militants killed or captured in the Zap region.
4 June – 9 June: Turkish defense ministry states a total of 43 militants have been killed or captured in 'Operation Claw' since 28 May. It was reported that a Underwater Defence unit of the TAF operates in the area.
6 June: The Turkish Minister of Defense Hulusi Akar states: "We will not leave the region until the last terrorist is neutralized."
10 June: A total of 74 shelters caves and 53 mines used by PKK militants in the Hakurk region were destroyed, according to the ministry.
11 September: During an air operation against a building in the Kandil/Bawlah region, KCK Executive Member "Pelşin Tolhildan" (code-named Gülüzar Tural) and women's structuring KJK's Executive Council Member "Jiyan Garzan" (code-named Saliha Kaytar) were killed.
12 September: TAF troops were deployed to the top of Karachal mountain to establish a new base via helicopters.
13 September: TAF units take Hales Mountain in Haftanin.
14 September: Operation Claw-3 continues in Kurdistan Region.
17 September: New bases established in the "Dayla (lelikan) region".
18 September: A total of 417 PKK militants killed or captured over past four months according to the Defense Ministry.
23 September: Two TAF personnel killed in a roadside bomb explosion in Kurdistan Region.
9 March: Halide Tari KCK senior was killed in a joint operation conducted by Turkish intelligence (MIT) and armed forces (TAF)
13 March: Warplanes from the Turkish Armed Forces hit the Bradost region of Sidekan. Sidekan District Director İhsan Çelebi said that on March 13, at around 16:00, Turkish fighter planes hit the countryside of Khalifa and Geli Reş villages after flying for an hour in the region.
26 March: An air strike was carried out after two Turkish soldiers were killed and two others injured. It was announced that the TAF has wounded of killed several members of the PKK in Iraq.
27 March: Turkish artillery intermittently shot PKK positions in the rural areas of the village of Lelkan, high sections of the village of Helifan and Hakurk skirts.
3 April: 111 militants neutralized and 67 others surrendered to the security forces this month, according to Turkish security sources
15 April: Galya Bekir, also known as "Berivan Sarya", a top leader of the PKK/KCK, who was the Makhmur Front Officer, was killed by the operation of the National Intelligence Agency. His death was announced by the Turkish authorities on 14 May 2020.
16 April: A TAF soldier died Turkey's defense minister posts message of condolence on Twitter
17 April: The National Defense Ministry said on Twitter on Friday that security forces busted and destroyed PKK shelters during operations in Cukurca, Hakkari, southeastern Turkey, and Kurdistan Region's Haftanin region. In operations, security forces destroyed three binoculars, including two night vision ones, two grenades, five detonators, two 60 mm mortar ammunition and 287 bullets, three RPG-7 rocket launcher ammunitions, four RPG-7 propelling cartridges, two solar panels and life essentials found in shelters and caves in the area.
3 June: Turkey claims to have destroyed 3 cave shelters of the PKK in N. Iraq
4 June: The aircraft belonging to the TAF organized an air operation against targets in the Berwari valley.
10 June: Propane cylinders, ammonium nitrate, cables, and batteries seized in the region.
14 June: The Turkish Defense Ministry says that military jets successfully targeted PKK militants in Sinjar and Qandil, Iraq, among other places. The ministry claimed it was in response to increased militant attacks on Turkish bases. Start of new operation Operation Claw-Eagle Iraq.
^Martin van Bruinessen, "Zaza, Alevi and Dersimi as Deliberately Embraced Ethnic Identities" in '"Aslını İnkar Eden Haramzadedir!" The Debate on the Ethnic Identity of The Kurdish Alevis' in Krisztina Kehl-Bodrogi, Barbara Kellner-Heinkele, Anke Otter-Beaujean, Syncretistic Religious Communities in the Near East: Collected Papers of the International Symposium "Alevism in Turkey and Comparable Sycretistic Religious Communities in the Near East in the Past and Present" Berlin, 14-17 April 1995, BRILL, 1997, ISBN9789004108615, p. 13.
^Martin van Bruinessen, "Zaza, Alevi and Dersimi as Deliberately Embraced Ethnic Identities" in '"Aslını İnkar Eden Haramzadedir!" The Debate on the Ethnic Identity of The Kurdish Alevis', p. 14.
^2 killed (30 May 2019), 1 killed (19 July 2019), 3 killed (25 Aug. 2019), 2 killed (23 Sep. 2019), 1 died (28 Oct. 2019), 1 killed (2 Dec. 2019), 2 killed (2 Jan. 2020), 2 killed (14 Jan. 2020), 2 killed (25 March 2020), 1 killed (15 April 2020), total of 17 reported killed