Zürich Opera House
Opernhaus Zürich in 2019
Zürich Opera House (German: Opernhaus Zürich) is an opera house in the Swiss city of Zürich. Located at the Sechseläutenplatz, it has been the home of the Zürich Opera since 1891, and also houses the Bernhard-Theater Zürich. It is also home to the Zürich Ballet.
The first permanent theatre, the Aktientheater, was built in 1834 and it became the focus of Richard Wagner’s activities during his period of exile from Germany.
The Aktientheater burnt down in 1890. The new Stadttheater Zürich (municipal theatre) was built by the Viennese architects Fellner & Helmer, who changed their previous design for the theatre in Wiesbaden only slightly.
It was the city's main performance space for drama, opera, and musical events until 1925, when it was renamed Opernhaus Zürich and a separate theatre for plays was built: The Bernhard Theater opened in 1941, in May 1981 the Esplanada building was demolished, and the present adjoint building opened on 27/28 December 1984 after three years of transition in the Kaufhaus building nearby Schanzengraben.
By the 1970s, the opera house was badly in need of major renovations; when some considered it not worth restoring, a new theatre was proposed for the site. However, between 1982 and 1984, rebuilding took place but not without huge local opposition which was expressed in street riots. The rebuilt theatre was inaugurated with Wagner’s Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg and the world première of Rudolf Kelterborn’s Chekhov opera Der Kirschgarten.
As restored, the theatre is an ornate building with a neo-classical façade of white and grey stone adorned with busts of Weber, Wagner, and Mozart. Additionally, busts of Schiller, Shakespeare, and Goethe are to be found. The auditorium is built in the neo-rococo style and seats approximately 1200 people. 
The Opera House also holds concerts by its Philharmonia orchestra, matinees, Lieder evenings and events for children. Opera Ball is organised every year in March, and is usually attended by prominent names.
Youth protests of 1980
In response to the combination of high subsidies for the Opera and the lack of cultural programs for the youth in Zürich, large protests were held in May 1980. The protests became known as the Opernhauskrawalle youth protests – Züri brännt, meaning Zürich is burning, as documented in the 1981 Swiss documentary film of the same name.
Opernhaus Zürich AG is organised pursuant to Swiss law as a company limited by shares and it operates a music theater and Ballet under the authority of Canton of Zurich that has been providing the main funding since 1995. Both Swiss banks, UBS and Credit Suisse, are partners of Opernhaus Zürich AG.
- "Tonhalle" (in German). planet-zurich.com. 2010. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
- "Global Recognition. Zurich sidesteps the opera 'crisis'". SWI swissinfo.ch, a branch of the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- Anniversary publication of the Theater-Aktiengesellschaft from 2009 (in german)
- "Musikabteilung" (in German). Zentralbibliothek Zürich. Retrieved 2014-12-25.
- "10vor10 - TV - SRF Player" (in German). 10vor10. 2015-01-16. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
- "Opernhaus Zürich. Grüezi.Willkommen.Welcome". Opernhaus Zürich AG. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zürich Opera House.|
- Zürich Opera’s official website
- Marco Badilatti (2005). "Opernhaus Zürich, Zürich ZH". In Andreas Kotte (ed.). Theaterlexikon der Schweiz (TLS) / Dictionnaire du théâtre en Suisse (DTS) / Dizionario Teatrale Svizzero / Lexicon da teater svizzer [Theater Dictionary of Switzerland] (in German). 2. Zürich: Chronos. pp. 1350–1352. ISBN 978-3-0340-0715-3. LCCN 2007423414. OCLC 62309181.