Ophisops jerdonii

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Ophisops jerdonii
Jerdon's Snake-eye, Snake-eyed Lacerta (Ophisops jerdonii).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Lacertidae
Genus: Ophisops
Species: O. jerdonii
Binomial name
Ophisops jerdonii
(Blyth, 1853)
Synonyms

Ophisops jerdonii, commonly known as Jerdon's snake-eye, is a species of lacertid lizard, which is distributed in east Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, jerdonii, is in honor of British biologist Thomas C. Jerdon.[4]

Description[edit]

Head moderate, feebly depressed. Upper head-shields rugose, keeled and striated; nostril lateral, pierced between 3 or 4 shields, viz. an anterior, or an upper and a lower anterior nasal and two superposed postnasals ; a large frontonasal; frequently one or two small azygos shields between the pair of prefrontals; four supraoculars, first and fourth small, the two principal separated from the supraciliaries by a series of granules; occipital small, sometimes a little broader than the interparietal, with which it forms a suture; subocular bordering the lip, between the fourth and fifth (or third and fourth) upper labials; temporal scales small, keeled; one or two large subtemporal shields border the parietals externally; tympanic shield small or indistinct. No gular fold extending from ear to ear; collar quite indistinct. Dorsal scales large, strongly keeled, much imbricate, scarcely larger on the back than on the sides; 28 to 35 scales round the middle of the body (ventrals included). A large postero-median preanal plate. The hind limb reaches the shoulder or halfway between the latter and the ear in the male, not to axilla in the female; 7 to 11 femoral pores on each side. Tail once and a half to twice as long as head and body; caudal scales about as large as dorsals. Coppery-brown above, with two pale golden lateral streaks bordered with black, the upper extending from the supraciliaries to the tail, the lower from the upper lip to the groin; frequently a series of large black spots between the two lateral streaks; lower surfaces yellowish white.[5]

From snout to vent 1.65 inches (42 mm); tail 3.2 inches (81 mm).[5]

Central India (Saugor, Mhow), N.W. Provinces (Agra), Punjab, Sind, Madras Presidency (Bellary).[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Boulenger GA. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume III. Lacertidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 575 pp. + Plates I-XL. (Ophiops jerdonii, pp. 73-74).
  2. ^ Smith MA. 1935. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. II.—Sauria. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 440 pp. + Plate I + 2 maps. (Ophisops jerdoni, pp. 377-378).
  3. ^ "Ophisops jerdonii ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  4. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Ophisops jerdonii, p. 134).
  5. ^ a b c Boulenger GA. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Ophiops jerdonii, p. 174).

References[edit]

  • Arnold EN. 1989. Towards a phylogeny and biogeography of the Lacertidae : relationships within an Old-World family of lizards derived from morphology. Bull. British Mus.(Nat. Hist.) Zool. 55 (2): 209-257.
  • Beddome RH. 1870. Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 1: 30-35.
  • Blyth E. 1854. Notices and Descriptions of various Reptiles, new or little known [Part I]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 22 [1853]: 639-655. ("Ophiops Jerdoni ", new species, p. 653).
  • Böhme W, Bischoff W. 1991. On the proper denomination of Cabrita jerdonii Beddome, 1870 (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 12: 220-221.
  • Das I. 2002. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of India. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-056-5. (Ophisops jerdoni, p. 103).
  • Das, Indraneil; Dattagupta, Basudeb. 1997. Rediscovery of the holotypes of Ophisops jerdoni Blyth, 1853 and Barkudia insularis Annandale, 1917. Hamadryad 22 (1): 53-55.
  • Jerdon TC. 1870. Notes on Indian Herpetology. Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 1870 (March 1870): 66-85.

External links[edit]