Ophrys umbilicata

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Ophrys umbilicata
Ophrys umbilicata ssp. rhodia Rhodos 01.jpg
Flower of Ophrys umbilicata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchidae
Subtribe: Orchidinae
Alliance: Orchis
Genus: Ophrys
Species: O. umbilicata
Binomial name
Ophrys umbilicata

Ophrys umbilicata is a species of orchid found from Albania to Iran, including Greece, Israel, Turkey and Cyprus.[1]


O. umbilicata is a perennial, erect, glabrous herb, 10–20 cm high. Leaves alternate, simple, entire, thick, narrowly elliptic with parallel nerves. Flowers spirally arranged on top of the shoot, sepals 10-15 x 6–9 mm, petals small. Labellum broader on other half 9–12 mm, 3-dentate on the apex, purple-blackish. Flowers March–April. Fruit a capsule. Habitat garigue, Maquis and open pine woodlands at 0–600 m altitude.[2]


At present (May 2014), 7 subspecies are recognized:[1]

  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. beerii Shifman - Israel
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. bucephala (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Biel - Turkey and the Greek islands
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. calycadniensis Perschke - Turkey
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. flavomarginata (Renz) Faurh. - Cyprus, Syria, Israel
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. lapethica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Faurh. - Cyprus
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. latakiana (M.Schönfelder & H.Schönfelder) Faurh. & H.A.Pedersen - Turkey, Syria
  • Ophrys umbilicata subsp. umbilicata - from Albania to Iran


  1. ^ a b http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/namedetail.do?name_id=141875
  2. ^ The Endemic Plants of Cyprus, Texts: Takis Ch. Tsintides, Photographs: Laizos Kourtellarides, Cyprus Association of Professional Foresters, Bank of Cyprus Group, Nicosia 1998, ISBN 9963-42-067-2

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