Opinion polling for the Peruvian national election, 2006

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Opinion polling for the 2006 Peruvian national election was carried out by pollsters authorized by the National Election Jury [1] both in the races for the Presidency and Congress.

Several candidates expressed skepticism about poll results and even accused the pollsters of deliberately lying.[2] The Peruvian Association of Market Research (Asociación Peruana de Investigación de Mercados, APEIM) rejected such criticism and demanded formal apologies by those who accused the companies.[3] APEIM also criticized the pollster IDICE, not belonging to the association, for critical flaws in its methodology.[4] The company's results are nevertheless included in the section below.

Also, it is illegal to publish electoral opinion polls in Peru during the week prior to an election. Pollsters, however, released their results to the foreign press during the week before the First Round and these were widely available on the Internet. This drew criticism from electoral authorities, even though no law was technically broken.[5]

Poll results[edit]

The following is a collection of polls relating to the 2006 Peruvian national election. Only polls conducted nationwide are included, though some have an urban bias. The results below only consider the eventual top five presidential candidates, top six congressional lists and, in the case of the hypothetical runoff, matchups between the top three presidential candidates. Little information is available on the other options.

The dates indicate when each survey was conducted. If the sources are not clear about the precise dates, either the month or the date of publication is indicated. In the latter case, the date is marked with a (p).

Unless stated otherwise, entries correspond to percentages over the total number of votes. When reported in terms of "valid" votes, the percentages are included in parentheses. Valid votes are those cast for exactly one presidential ticket or one congressional party list, thus excluding blank, multiple-party votes and undecided voters. The official results consider only valid votes.

Entries with "n/a" correspond to instances in which the relevant question was not asked, the option was not given, or the quantity was not deemed significant enough when the survey was published.

The abbreviations used for parties are as follows (coalition members are indented):

 

The abbreviations used for pollsters are:

  • Apoyo - Apoyo Opinión y Mercado
  • AyC - Analistas y Consultores
  • Conecta - Conecta Asociados
  • CPI - Compañía Peruana de Investigación de Mercados
    y Opinión Pública
  • Datum - Datum Internacional
  • IDICE - Instituto de Desarrollo e Investigación
    de Ciencias Económicas
 

Presidential Election[edit]

The deadline for the registration of presidential candidates was 9 January 2006. Polls conducted before this date are more speculative in nature, since the final set of options was not yet known before then.

First Round[edit]

Dates Pollster Source O. Humala
(UPP)
A. García
(PAP)
L. Flores
(UN)
M. Chávez
(AF)
V. Paniagua
(FC)
Jan 2005 Datum [6] 3% 18% 17% n/a 24%
1-8 April 2005 CPI [7] 2.8% 17.5% 16.0% 7.2% 14.7%
Apr 2005 Apoyo [8] 5% 21% 17% n/a 23%
May 2005 Datum [9] 3% 19% 23% n/a 29%
June 2005 Datum [10] 5% 20% 19% n/a 16%
6–12 July 2005 CPI [11] 2.3% 15.5% 17.5% 9.6% 12.8%
Aug 2005 Apoyo [12] 7% 18% 22% n/a 18%
Aug 2005 Datum [13] 5% 20% 26% n/a 19%
Sep 2005 Datum [14] 5% 18% 23% n/a 13%
10-14 October 2005 Apoyo [15] 8% 17% 27% n/a 15%
13-23 October 2005 IDICE [16] 9.1% 23.6% 26.5% n/a 7.6%
22-28 October 2005 CPI [17] 5.1% 12.0% 27.6% 9.5% 10.0%
10-11 November 2005 Apoyo [18] 11% 17% 28% n/a 17%
12-15 November 2005 Datum [19] 13% 16% 30% n/a 15%
19-23 November 2005 CPI [20] 15.0% 13.4% 25.6% 1.5% 11.3%
3-4 December 2005 UL [21] 14.6% 16.2% 25.6% 2.4% 8.3%
3-8 December 2005 Apoyo [22] 22% 16% 25% n/a 14%
16-19 November 2005 Datum [23] 23% 15% 26% 1% 12%
19-23 December 2005 IDICE [24] 21.7% 19.8% 21.2% n/a 16.7%
9-12 January 2006 IDICE [25] 26.3% 20.3% 20.7% 7.0% 11.2%
11-13 January 2006 Apoyo [26] 28% 15% 25% 2% 10%
13-14 January 2006 Datum [27] 25% 14% 26% n/a 11%
16-19 January 2006 POP [28] 25% 14% 30% 2% 11%
20-22 January 2006 UL [29] 16.8% 11.9% 28.1% 2.5% 7.2%
21-23 January 2006 AyC [30] 19.5% 14.6% 30.9% 1.8% 14.2%
21-24 January 2006 CPI [31] 18.2% 13.1% 28.8% n/a 6.3%
25-27 January 2006 Apoyo [32] 22% 13% 30% n/a 8%
21-28 January 2006 IMA [33] 18.7% 14.7% 27.2% 4.2% 5.5%
3-5 February 2006 IDICE [34] 18.4% 20.8% 27.2% 8.1% 6.1%
8-10 February 2006 Apoyo [35] 20% (25%) 13% (17%) 27% (35%) 4% (6%) 7% (8%)
10-11 February 2006 Datum [36] 24% (28%) 15% (18%) 29% (34%) 4% (5%) 8% (10%)
11-15 February 2006 UAP [37] 21.4% 16.8% 23.3% 3.5% 6.0%
15-17 February 2006 Conecta [38] 18.3% (18.3%) 16.0% (20.5%) 27.3% (34.8%) 3.5% (4.4%) 8.6% (11.0%)
16-18 February 2006 AyC [39] 19.4% 16.3% 29.2% 3.8% 4.9%
22-24 February 2006 Apoyo [40] 19% (26%) 16% (22%) 24% (33%) 3% (4%) 5% (7%)
24-26 February 2006 PUCP [41] 20% (25%) 14% (18%) 29% (35%) 4% (5%) 6% (8%)
24-26 February 2006 UL [42] 20.6% (27.6%) 15.3% (20.5%) 25.1% (33.6%) 3.6% (4.8%) 6.4% (8.5%)
24-26 February 2006 IDICE [43] 19.3% 22.4% 24.3% 7.1% 5.6%
26 February 2006 (p) POP [44] 22% 16% 30% 4% n/a
23-27 February 2006 CPI [45] (25.5%) (21.5%) (34.1%) (4.9%) (7.8%)
24 February-2 March 2006 IMA [46] 21.6% 20.1% 26.9% 2.8% 4.5%
8-10 March 2006 Apoyo [47] 22% (30%) 16% (22%) 23% (31%) 4% (5%) 4% (5%)
10-12 March 2006 Datum [48] 26% 19% 27% 4% 8%
11-13 March 2006 IDICE [49] 23.3% 22.8% 23.6% 5.0% 6.1%
15-17 March 2006 Apoyo [50] 27% (32%) 17% (21%) 23% (28%) 6% (6%) 6% (7%)
15-19 March 2006 CPI [51] (31.6%) (21.6%) (21.9%) (5.5%) (6.0%)
18-19 March 2006 UNI [52] 28.8% 16.3% 24.8% 3.8% 5.3%
19 March 2006 UAP [53] 28.9% 16.9% 23.1% 5.5% 5.9%
20-22 March 2006 IDICE [54] 26.8% 24.4% 21.6% 5.7% 4.7%
22-24 March 2006 Apoyo [55] 27% (33%) 18% (22%) 22% (27%) 6% (7%) 5% (6%)
23-25 March 2006 Conecta [56] 30.4% (30.4%) 18.3% (20.6%) 24.5% (27.7%) 5.1% (5.7%) 4.4% (5.0%)
24-26 March 2006 PUCP [57] 27% (31%) 18% (20%) 24% (27%) 6% (7%) 6% (7%)
24-26 March 2006 UL [58] 28.2% (32.6%) 19.9% (22.7%) 22.9% (26.1%) 5.4% (6.3%) 4.9% (5.6%)
27 March 2006 (p) Datum [59] 31% 21% 26% 6% 5%
27-31 March 2006 CPI [60] (31.5%) (23.1%) (26.8%) (5.9%) (6.7%)
27-31 March 2006 Apoyo [61] 26% (31%) 19% (23%) 22% (26%) 6% (7%) 5% (6%)
4-6 April 2006 IDICE [62] 27.7% (31.8%) 22.6% (25.9%) 19.6% (22.5%) 3.9% (4.5%) 7.5% (8.6%)
5 April 2006 Datum [63] (26%) (24%) (24%) (8%) (7%)
5 April 2006 UL [64] 26.2% (29.2%) 19.7% (21.9%) 23.0% (25.6%) 7.4% (8.3%) 6.4% (7.2%)
8 April 2006 Apoyo [65] 24% (27%) 21% (23%) 21% (23%) 7% (7%) 7% (8%)

Hypothetical Runoff Election (polls before First Round)[edit]

Dates Pollster Source O. Humala (UPP)
vs
A. García (PAP)
O. Humala (UPP)
vs
L. Flores (UN)
A. García (PAP)
vs
L. Flores (UN)
13-23 October 2005 IDICE [66] n/a n/a 35.4% - 42.1%
22-28 October 2005 CPI [67] n/a n/a 23.6% - 51.5%
10-11 November 2005 Apoyo [68] 30% - 31% 23% - 58% 23% - 56%
12-15 November 2005 Datum [69] n/a 23% - 58% 23% - 54%
3-4 December 2005 UL [70] 33.0% - 34.5% 27.1% - 60.4% 25.9% - 59.6%
3-8 December 2005 Apoyo [71] 44% - 31% 35% - 50% 26% - 54%
16-19 December 2005 Datum [72] n/a 34% - 50% 24% - 53%
11-13 January 2006 Apoyo [73] 44% - 29% 39% - 46% 23% - 56%
13-14 January 2006 Datum [74] 41% - 28% 35% - 50% 25% - 52%
20-22 January 2006 UL [75] 34.2% – 32.9% 27.7% - 51.1% 22.6% - 60.0%
25-27 January 2006 Apoyo [76] 40% - 30% 34% - 52% 22% - 57%
21-28 January 2006 IMA [77] 31.5% - 29.2% 27.5% - 46.0% 22.9% - 44.6%
8-10 February 2006 Apoyo [78] 37% - 35%
(51% - 49%)
33% - 52%
(39% - 61%)
27% - 54%
(33% - 67%)
10-11 February 2006 Datum [79] n/a 34% - 50% 25% - 54%
11-15 February 2006 UAP [80] 34.9% - 28.3% 32.6% - 42.8% 24.8% - 44.6%
15-17 February 2006 Conecta [81] 32% - 29% 31% - 48% 26% - 45%
22-24 February 2006 Apoyo [82] 36% – 37%
(50% - 50%)
34% - 50%
(40% - 60%)
31% - 50%
(38% - 62%)
23-27 February 2006 CPI [83] 34.8% - 37.5%
(48.1% - 51.9%)
31.1% - 48.6%
(39.0% - 61.0%)
29.0% - 47.9%
(37.7% - 62.3%)
24-26 February 2006 PUCP [84] 33.7% – 33.5% 30.2% - 50.5% 26.8% - 51.1%
24-26 February 2006 UL [85] 36.7% – 32.3% 33.3% - 49.6% 27.1% - 52.2%
24 February-2 March 2006 IMA [86] 32.3% - 33.8% 28.8% - 43.1% 28.4% - 40.9%
8-10 March 2006 Apoyo [87] 41% - 36%
(52% - 47%)
39% - 46%
(46% - 54%)
32% - 47%
(41% - 59%)
10-12 March 2006 Datum [88] 40% - 33% 36% - 47% 29% - 48%
15-17 March 2006 Apoyo [89] 45% - 33%
(57% - 43%)
43% - 44%
(50% - 50%)
33% - 46%
(41% - 59%)
15-19 March 2006 CPI [90] 38.5% – 32.0%
(54.3% - 45.7%)
36.6% - 41.5%
(47.1% - 52.9%)
29.0% - 43.2%
(40.5% - 59.5%)
18-19 March 2006 UNI [91] 39.1% - 29.6% 37.5% - 40.4% 28.3% - 42.9%
19 March 2006 UAP [92] 39.5% - 29.5% 38.8% - 38.8% 28.2% - 41.2%
22-24 March 2006 Apoyo [93] 42% - 39%
(52% - 48%)
40% - 47%
(47% - 53%)
35% - 46%
(43% - 57%)
23-25 March 2006 Conecta [94] 41% - 33% 39% - 41% 31% - 41%
24-26 March 2006 PUCP [95] (53% - 47%) (45% - 55%) (41% - 59%)
24-26 March 2006 UL [96] 43.9% - 36.7% 41.3% - 46.6% 31.5% - 48.0%
27-31 March 2006 Apoyo [97] 39% - 37%
(51% - 49%)
38% - 46%
(45% - 55%)
32% - 45%
(42% - 58%)
27-31 March 2006 CPI [98] (49.7 - 50.3%) (44.9% - 55.1%) (41.5% - 58.5%)
5 April 2006 UL [99] 37.7% - 41.3% 37.3% - 48.6% n/a

Runoff Election (polls after First Round)[edit]

Dates Pollster Source Ollanta Humala
(UPP)
Alan García
(PAP)
19-21 April 2006 Datum [100] 37% (46%) 43% (54%)
29 April-1 May 2006 Datum [101] 34% (44%) 43% (56%)
28 April-3 May 2006 IDICE [102] 34.8% (45.9%) 42.5% (55.0%)
19-21 April 2006 Apoyo [103] 34% (43%) 44% (57%)
2–7 May 2006 CPI [104] (38.6%) (61.4%)
6–8 May 2006 Datum [105] 33% (43%) 44% (57%)
10–12 May 2006 Apoyo [106] 34% (44%) 43% (56%)
12–14 May 2006 UL [107] 31.1% (38.1%) 50.6% (61.9%)
18–19 May 2006 Datum [108] 35% (42%) 47% (58%)
18–21 May 2006 PUCP [109] 35% (46%) 42% (54%)
19–21 May 2006 UL [110] 31.3% (38.8%) 49.3% (61.2%)
24–25 May 2006 CPI [111] (40.1%) (59.9%)
23–26 May 2006 IDICE [112] 36.8% (36.8%) 48.2% (56.7%)
24–26 May 2006 Apoyo [113] 36% (45%) 44% (55%)
25–26 May 2006 Datum [114] (42%) (58%)
27 May 2006 (p) Conecta [115] 34.7% (43.1%) 45.8% (56.9%)
30–31 May 2006 Apoyo [116] (47%) (53%)
31 May 2006 Datum [117] (43%) (57%)
31 May 2006 UL [118] (44.1%) (55.9%)
31 May-1 June 2006 CPI [119] (46.2%) (53.8%)
3 June 2006 Apoyo [120] (47%) (53%)

Congressional Election[edit]

The deadline for the registration of congressional candidates was 8 February 2006. Polls conducted before this date are more speculative. For many of these early polls, several coalitions were not even official, so some responses included parties which did not end up running by themselves. These are included in some entries below, along with the appropriate abbreviation as outlined above.

In particular, while the Sí Cumple party did not officially belong to Alliance for the Future, pollsters themselves often lumped it together with the other fujimorista movements before the AF coalition came into being, largely due to the perception that the same politicians belonged to these parties. This is not technically correct, but Sí Cumple results are still included below, though with an asterisk to make the difference clear (SC*).

Projected seat allocation in Congress, out of 120 seats, are included in square brackets when available.

Dates Pollster Source UPP PAP UN AF FC PP
13-23 October 2005 IDICE [121] 10.7% PNP 17.7% 13.1% 11.1% SC* 7.9% AP
5.3% SP
2.2%
22-28 October 2005 CPI [122] 3.4% PNP 13.8% 14.3%
10.4% SN
8.6% SC* 10.2% AP
3.1% SP
1.3%
10-11 November 2005 Apoyo [123] 8% 17% 15% 12% C90/NM/SC* 8% AP
4% SP
2%
12-15 November 2005 Datum [124] 2% PNP 15% 17% 9% C90/SC* 9% AP
2% SP
2.2%
3-4 December 2005 UL [125] 1.6% 17.1% 18.2% 6.4% SC* 10.6% AP 2.3%
16-19 December 2005 Datum [126] 9 % PNP 17% 24% 4% SC* 5% n/a
19-23 December 2005 IDICE [127] 14.9% PNP 18.7% 16.3% 6.8% SC* 15.0% 3.6%
9-12 January 2006 IDICE [128] 22.9% 19.1% 17.8% 7.7% 11.3% 5.0%
11-13 January 2006 Apoyo [129] 12% 15% 17% 2%
6% SC*
7% 1%
20-22 January 2006 UL [130] 8.2% 20.2% 14.6% 2.8% 5.6% 2.5%
21-28 January 2006 IMA [131] 4.4% 7.7% 7.8% 2.2% 2.7% 0.2%
8-10 February 2006 Apoyo [132] 10% (15%) 13% (21%) 18% (27%) 4% (7%) 6% (10%) 2% (3%)
10-11 February 2006 Datum [133] 8% 14% 16% n/a 4% 1%
22-24 February 2006 Apoyo [134] 9% (15%) 26% (16%) 14% (22%) 4% (6%) 6% (9%) 2% (4%)
24-26 February 2006 PUCP [135] 6.0% (10.8%) 13.5% (21.1%) 16.7% (26.1%) 3.6% (5.7%) 4.2% (6.6%) 3.2% (5.0%)
24-26 February 2006 IDICE [136] 12.6%
[17 seats]
17.8%
[34 seats]
15.4%
[21 seats]
10.6%
[16 seats]
7.8%
[10 seats]
2.0%
[1 seat]
24-26 February 2006 UL [137] 6.5% (10.5%) 14.7% (23.5%) 14.8% (23.7%) 3.9% (6.3%) 6.9% (11.0%) 3.0% (4.9%)
23-27 February 2006 CPI [138] 8.1% (13.6%) 13.6% (22.7%) 14.3% (23.5%) 3.1% (5.2%) 8.7% (14.6%) 1.9% (3.2%)
24 February-2 March 2006 IMA [139] 8.5% 14.8% 13.7% 3.7% 4.5% 1.4%
8-10 March 2006 Apoyo [140] 11% (17%) 15% (23%) 13% (20%) 6% (9%) 5% (8%) 2% (3%)
10-12 March 2006 Datum [141] 13% 17% 18% 6% 6% 2%
11-13 March 2006 IDICE [142] 14.2% 18.9% 15.9% 8.8% 8.1% 2.0%
15-17 March 2006 Apoyo [143] 12% (16%) 16% (22%) 13% (18%) 8% (12%) 5% (7%) 3% (4%)
15-19 March 2006 CPI [144] 9.2% (15.5%) 13.1% (21.4%) 11.8% (18.9%) 6.7% (10.5%) 6.0% (9.7%) 3.8% (5.8%)
18-19 March 2006 UNI [145] 16.8% 17.2% 17.0% 6.1% 6.8% n/a
22-24 March 2006 Apoyo [146] 11% (16%) 14% (21%) 11% (16%) 8% (11%) 5% (7%) 4% (6%)
23-25 March 2006 Conecta [147] 15.8% (20.9%) 17.2% (22.7%) 17.4% (23.0%) 5.2% (6.9%) 4.8% (6.3%) 2.5% (3.3%)
24-26 March 2006 PUCP [148] 14.1% 15.1% 16.1% 9.4% 4.5% 2.6%
24-26 March 2006 UL [149] 10.7% (14.2%) 15.8% (21.0%) 14.2% (18.8%) 8.5% (11.3%) 6.5% (8.6%) 4.1% (5.5%)
27-31 March 2006 Apoyo [150] 11% (16%)
[31 seats]
14% (19%)
[36 seats]
12% (16%)
[25 seats]
11% (15%)
[15 seats]
6% (9%)
[8 seats]
4% (6%)
[5 seats]
5 April 2006 Datum [151] [36 seats] [36 seats] [23 seats] [17 seats] [8 seats] [0 seats]
5 April 2006 UL [152] 11.6% (14.6%) 15.4% (19.4%) 13.5% (17.0%) 11.8% (14.8%) 5.8% (7.4%) 3.8% (4.9%)
8 April 2006 Apoyo [153] [29 seats] [38 seats] [24 seats] [14 seats] [9 seats] [3 seats]

See also[edit]