Opisthocoelicaudiinae

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Opisthocoelicaudiines
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous, Maastrichtian
Opisthocoelicaudia Museum of Evolution in Warsaw 02.JPG
Opisthocoelicaudia skeleton restoration in Museum of Evolution of Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Sauropoda
Clade: Macronaria
Clade: Titanosauria
Family: Saltasauridae
Subfamily: Opisthocoelicaudiinae
McIntosh, 1990
Genera[3]
Synonyms
  • Opisthocoelicaudiidae
    (McIntosh, 1990) Averianiv & Lopatin, 2022
  • ?Nemegtosauridae
    Upchurch, 1995

Opisthocoelicaudiinae is a subfamily of titanosaurian dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous. It was named by John McIntosh in 1990. Opisthocoelicaudiines are known from Mongolia, Argentina, and the United States. Two genera were assigned to Opisthocoelicaudiinae by Gonzalez et al. (2009): Alamosaurus and Opisthocoelicaudia (the type genus),[4] a conclusion also found by Díez Díaz et al. (2018).[3] The hands of opisthocoelicaudiines lacked wrist bones and phalanges.[5]

It was suggested by Averianov and Lopatin in 2022 that Opisthocoelicaudia was not in fact closely related to Saltasaurus, and instead to Nemegtosaurus and Quaesitosaurus, which are both also Laurasian, as well as isolated teeth from the Turonian of Uzbekistan and the Santonian of Kazakhstan. Suggesting a more distant relationship to Saltasaurus, Averianiov and Lopatin suggested using the clade name Opisthocoelicaudiidae for the group, limiting Saltasauridae to Gondwanan taxa.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Villa, B.; Sellés, A.; Moreno-Azanza, M.; Razzolini, N.L.; Gil-Delgado, A.; Canudo, J.I.; Galobart, À (2022). "A titanosaurian sauropod with Gondwanan affinities in the latest Cretaceous of Europe". Nature Ecology & Evolution. 92. doi:10.1038/s41559-021-01651-5.
  2. ^ a b c Averianov, A.O.; Lopatin, A.V. (2022). "New Data on Late Cretaceous Sauropods from the Bostobe Formation of the Northeastern Aral Sea Region (Kazakhstan)". Doklady Earth Sciences. 503: 97–99. doi:10.1134/S1028334X22030047.
  3. ^ a b Díez Díaz, V.; Garcia, G.; Pereda-Suberbiola, X.; Jentgen-Ceschino, B.; Stein, K.; Godefroit, P.; Valentin, X. (2018). "The titanosaurian dinosaur Atsinganosaurus velauciensis (Sauropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of southern France: New material, phylogenetic affinities, and palaeobiogeographical implications". Cretaceous Research. 91: 429–456. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2018.06.015.
  4. ^ González Riga, Bernardo J.; Previtera, Elena; Pirrone, Cecilia A. (2009). "Malarguesaurus florenciae gen. et sp. nov., a new titanosauriform (Dinosauria, Sauropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Mendoza, Argentina". Cretaceous Research. 30 (1): 135–148. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2008.06.006.
  5. ^ Tidwell, Virginia; Carpenter, Kenneth (2005). Thunder-Lizards: The Sauropodomorph Dinosaurs. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 339. ISBN 0-253-34542-1. Retrieved April 6, 2010.