Opium and Alkaloid Works

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The Government Opium and Alkaloid Factories (GOAF) is an Indian government-owned organisation. Its headquarter is located in New Delhi. There are two factories under this organisation - Government Opium and Alkaloid Works, Ghazipur (U.P.) and Government Opium and Alkaloid Works, Neemuch (M.P.).

Products[edit]

The enterprise's two factories specialize in the production of opium and the extraction of related alkaloids (such as Codeine phosphates, Morphine salts, Dionine, Morphine Hydrochloride, Thebaine,[1] and more). It is the country's largest producer of opium-related products.[2]

Factories[edit]

Government Opium and Alkaloid Works, Ghazipur (U.P.)[edit]

The Ghazipur factory began life as the Benaras Opium Agency,[3] an entity of the East India Company, in 1820. The opium processed at Ghazipur was sent to Calcutta (now known as Kolkata) for auction, then shipped to the south China coast and smuggled into the country via the port of Canton (now known as Guangzhou). In 1945, the factory began extracting alkaloids in addition to processing opium.[2] The Ghazipur opium factory is mentioned in the novel "Sea of Poppies" by Amitav Ghosh. More recently both the Ghazipur and Nimach factories are referred to as sources of illegal smuggling for opium manufacture in the movie "Udta Punjab" (2016). The Nimach, also known as Neemuch opium factory is known to have the largest opium receptacle in the world, resembling a large backyard swimming pool. It holds 450 tons of opium. The contents of the vat are stolen in the anti-heroin novel "White Monsoon First Edition" by Scott Nelson. In the novel, White Monsoon is a codename for a 1992 plot by Libyan terrorists to flood Main Street USA with bargain-basement-priced heroin.

Government Opium and Alkaloid Works, Neemuch (M.P.)[edit]

The Neemuch factory was founded in 1933. In 1976, it began extracting alkaloids in addition to processing opium. The Nimach factory, also known as Neemuch factory, is an acronym for Northern India Mounted Advanced Cavalry Headquarters. The opium factory is known to have the largest opium receptacle in the world, resembling a large backyard swimming pool. It holds 450 tons of opium. The contents of the vat are stolen in the anti-heroin novel "White Monsoon First Edition" by Scott Nelson. In the novel, White Monsoon is a codename for a 1992 plot by Libyan terrorists to flood Main Street USA with bargain-basement-priced heroin.[2]

Organization[edit]

After 1976, organisation is headed by the Chief Controller of Factories, currently Mr. Chardra Prakash Goyal, IRS.

Workforce[edit]

The enterprise employs 1,432 people.[2]

Security[edit]

Security is managed by members of the Central Industrial Security Force, with 123 assigned to the Ghazipur factory and 104 to Neemuch.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]