Oppidum d'Ensérune

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ensérune
F10 09.Oppidum d'Ensérune.0084.JPG
Oppidum d'Ensérune is located in France
Oppidum d'Ensérune
Shown within France
Location Nissan-lez-Enserune
Region Occitanie, France
Coordinates 43°18′22″N 3°08′17″E / 43.3061°N 3.138°E / 43.3061; 3.138
Type oppidum
History
Builder Roman
Cultures Elisyces, Gauls
later Roman
Site notes
Archaeologists Félix Mouret (fr), Louis Sigal (fr), Jean Jannoray (fr), Joseph Giry (fr)
Public access Yes
Website http://www.enserune.fr/en/

The Oppidum d'Ensérune is an ancient hill-town (or oppidum) near the village of Nissan-lez-Ensérune, France, located between Béziers and Narbonne close to the D609 (formerly RN9) and Canal du Midi. It has been listed since 1935 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.[1]

The settlement was occupied without interruption between the 6th century BC and 1st century AD,[2] its location being chosen presumably because it was a hill with good views over the coastal plain, being close to the Roman road Via Domitia, the Montady lake, and fertile agricultural land below.

There is a museum on the site which offers a display of some of the finds on the site, as well as giving more information about the fort and the field system.

Below the Oppidum was the swamp of Montady, (centred on 43°19′12″N 3°07′24″E / 43.32000°N 3.12333°E / 43.32000; 3.12333 ), which is now wedge shaped fields separated by irrigation ditches that converge in the centre. In the 13th century, the swamp was drained; the ditches allowed water to flow to the centre of the circular depression, from which it was conveyed through underground pipes several kilometres to the south. The drainage is still functional and remains in use.

Pictures of the Oppidum d'Ensérune[edit]

View the Oppidum
Small jugs in Oppidum d'Ensérune Museum

External links[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Mérimée PA00103617, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French) Oppidum d'Ensérune
  2. ^ Ensérune, junction of Prehistoric Civilisations (Nissan-les-Ensérune, Hérault) Archived 2006-12-03 at the Wayback Machine.

Coordinates: 43°18′38″N 3°6′55″E / 43.31056°N 3.11528°E / 43.31056; 3.11528