Oprah Winfrey Network

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Oprah Winfrey Network
OWN 2011 logo.svg
LaunchedJanuary 1, 2011; 7 years ago (2011-01-01)
Owned by
Picture format
Broadcast areaUnited States
HeadquartersWest Hollywood, California, United States
ReplacedDiscovery Health Channel
Sister channel(s)
Websitehttp://www.oprah.com/own
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV
  • Channel 279 (SD)
  • Channel 1279 (HD)
Dish Network
  • Channel 189 (HD/SD)
  • Channel 9433 (HD)
Cable
Verizon FiOS
  • Channel 145 (SD)
  • Channel 645 (HD)
Available on most American cable systemsChannel slots vary on each provider
IPTV
AT&T U-verse
  • Channel 170 (SD)
  • Channel 1170 (HD)
Streaming media
PlayStation VueInternet Protocol television

Oprah Winfrey Network (OWN) is an American pay television channel jointly owned by Discovery, Inc. and Harpo Studios. It debuted on January 1, 2011, in approximately 80 million homes, replacing the Discovery Health Channel. The network is led by Oprah Winfrey and largely features non-scripted lifestyle programming, as well as scripted programming, all with a particular emphasis on targeting African American audiences. Initially a 50/50 joint venture, Discovery acquired a larger stake in the network in 2017 (although Harpo remains a "significant" minority stakeholder, and Winfrey is contracted with the channel through at least 2025). As of 2018, OWN introduced new programs, ColorTra, Sex In The Town and Just In Time. Creepers is later introduced in December. In the 17th December, Girls in Jeans has released.

As of February 2015, OWN is available to approximately 81.9 million pay television households (70.3% of households with television) in the United States.[1]

History[edit]

Development[edit]

After becoming Discovery Communications' new CEO in 2007, David Zaslav found Discovery Health to be underperforming, and taking in significantly lower carriage fees in comparison to the company's namesake. As a result, he began to explore the possibility of re-launching the channel as a joint venture with another partner. Zaslav's wife was an avid reader of Oprah Winfrey's O magazine (a joint venture with Hearst Corporation); believing that her values could serve as the basis for a cable network, he contacted Winfrey's agents to hold a meeting in April 2007.[2] On January 15, 2008, Discovery Communications officially announced that it had entered into a joint venture with Winfrey's studio Harpo Productions, under which it would re-launch Discovery Health as "OWN: The Oprah Winfrey Network", in the second half of 2009.[2][3]

Winfrey would serve as the chairwoman of the channel, which was expected to deal in factual programming oriented towards her personal philosophy of "living your best life"; this would include topics such as health, love, parenting, and spirituality. Discovery provided $100 million in funding, and Harpo provided access to its library and Winfrey's website, Oprah.com.[2] As it was still under contract with CBS Television Distribution through May 2011, her existing syndicated talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show was not expected to air on OWN, but there was a possibility that a continuation of it (or a successor) could air on OWN in the future.[2]

Winfrey and her long-time partner Stedman Graham had discussed the idea of forming her own channel as early as 1992. After Winfrey demonstrated discontent over "confrontational" talk shows on television, Graham suggested that should form an "Oprah Winfrey Network" if she were dissatisfied with the current state of television.[2] OWN was not Winfrey's first cable television venture; she was a co-founder of the women's cable network Oxygen. However, her involvement was limited to being an investor; Winfrey distanced herself from the channel when discussing OWN, stating that it taught her not to participate in such ventures unless she was able to have actual influence over the content.[3][2]

Delays, launch[edit]

In November 2008, Zazlav stated that Winfrey had planned to decline renewing her contract with CBS for The Oprah Winfrey Show beyond the 2010-11 season, and that that the show could move to OWN in some form following the end of the syndicated run. Harpo Productions denied the report, stating that Winfrey "has not made a final decision as to whether she will continue her show in syndication beyond [2011]".[4][5] The development of OWN was affected by internal conflicts, as well as Winfrey's continued commitment to her talk show. Its launch was pushed back from its originally-announced target of 2009 to an unspecified date. Zaslav pressured Oprah into moving her talk show to the channel, believing that it could boost its business.[2]

In November 2009, Lisa Erspamer—a Harpo executive that had been a co-executive producer of The Oprah Winfrey Show since 2006—was named chief creative officer of OWN.[2] Due to her history of working with Winfrey, the appointment of Erspamer was seen as having stabilized OWN's development: network CEO Christina Norman described Erspamer's arrival as being an "injection of Oprah's DNA" into the upcoming channel.[6][2] Later on November 20, Winfrey officially announced that The Oprah Winfrey Show would conclude in 2011, after its 25th and final season.[7] With the end of her talk show, Winfrey's commitments with Discovery were revised; a commitment for Winfrey to host a talk show on OWN and appear in at least 35 hours of programming per-year, was replaced with a commitment to appear in at least 70 hours of programming per-year (including a primetime interview series entitled Oprah's Next Chapter).[2]

The official launch of OWN was set for January 1, 2011, so that it would occur while Oprah's talk show was still on the air. Plans now called for at least 600 hours of original programming in 2011, as well as acquired and library programming (including reruns of The Oprah Winfrey Show later in the year, and Dr. Phil); although Winfrey did make appearances in some of the programming aired on-launch (such as Oprah's Master Class), her involvement was expected to increase following the end of The Oprah Winfrey Show.[2] After the launch of OWN, Discovery Health's programming was merged into another Discovery-owned channel, FitTV—which rebranded as Discovery Fit & Health a month later on February 1, 2011.[8][9] It was subsequently re-branded again as Discovery Life in 2015.[10]

Early struggles, targeting African Americans[edit]

During its first year of operation, OWN struggled to build an audience and viewership,[11] with most of its programs being low-rated besides Our America with Lisa Ling (the first OWN program to be renewed for a second season), and Season 25: Oprah Behind The Scenes. Its average viewership was 135,000 during its second month on air, which was lower than that of Discovery Health.[12][13] Norman defended the network's ratings, stating that first-run broadcasts of its original series were drawing larger audiences than those of Discovery Health, and that Discovery's goal was to improve OWN's monthly audience to between 50 and 60 million viewers by the end of the year.[12] In March 2011, the channel modified its schedule to only have three original nights of primetime programming per-week, moving Oprah Behind The Scenes to Sunday nights alongside Oprah's Master Class.[13]

On May 6, 2011, OWN's CEO Christina Norman was removed, and replaced by Discovery executive Peter Liguori as an interim CEO.[14] In July, Winfrey assumed the role of CEO, and named Sheri Salata as a co-president.[6] As of September 2011, Discovery had invested $254 million in programming for OWN.[15] The October 2011 premiere of Welcome to Sweetie Pie's brought notable gains to the fledgling channel: it was the network's highest-rated series to date, and boosted OWN's average primetime viewership to 216,000. The show was especially popular among African American audiences, which prompted OWN's executives to factor this demographic into its programming decisions and advertising sales going forward.[15] October 16 saw the premiere of a new Sunday program, Super Soul Sunday, which would include features and segments that "present an array of perspectives on what it means to be alive in today's world."[16]

The Rosie Showa talk show hosted by another former syndicated personality, Rosie O'Donnell—also premiered in October to an average of 497,000 viewers (along with an additional million via a simulcast across sister channels Discovery Fit & Health, Investigation Discovery, Planet Green, and TLC).[17] However, by November, its ratings had fell to an average of 171,000 nightly viewers.[18] In January 2012, an attempt was made to retool the program by hiring Shane Farley (the producer of Rosie's previous syndicated talk show), and giving it a smaller, more intimate studio.[19][20][6] However, viewership was still low, and the series was cancelled in March 2012.[21]

During its first year of operations, OWN's average primetime audience was 264,000 viewers. This was only slightly higher than the 216,000 average primetime audience the channel had as Discovery Health.[6] On January 26, 2012, Lisa Erspamer resigned from OWN; she was replaced in the interim by veteran Discovery executive and former TLC vice president Rita Mullin.[6] A March 2012 Oprah's Next Chapter interview with Bobbi Kristina Brown and her family (following the February death of her mother, Whitney Houston) was OWN's highest-rated single program to date, with 3.5 million viewers.[22]

The channel's losses were estimated to be $330 million as of May 2012.[23] The channel responded by raising the channel's retransmission consent fee (OWN was provided to cable providers effectively for free for its first two years on air) to a level more in line with other basic cable channels, a move that Discovery expected to allow the channel to break even in late-2013.[24]

On September 15, 2012, OWN premiered Iyanla: Fix My Life—a reality series starring Iyanla Vanzant. It attracted critical acclaim and a large audience; its two-night premiere event was seen by 1.1 and 1.6 million total viewers respectively. The Sunday-night airing was the third-highest-rated program of the night across ad-supported cable networks, and was the highest-rated program of the night among women 18-49 and African American women 25-54.[25][26][27]

Tyler Perry development deal, resurgence[edit]

In October 2012, OWN announced an exclusive multi-year development deal with Tyler Perry—a long-time friend of Winfrey. Under the deal—which marked the channel's expansion into scripted programming—Perry's future productions would air on OWN, including two new series set to premiere in 2013. By then, OWN had begun to seen larger gains in audience share, especially among women in the key demographic.[28]

Perry's first two productions for OWN—the drama series The Haves and the Have Nots, and the sitcom Love Thy Neighbor—were set to premiere on May 28 and 29, 2013 respectively.[29] OWN also ordered a third season of Perry's sitcom For Better or Worse, which had been cancelled by TBS.[30] The two-hour series premiere of The Haves and the Have Nots overtook Life with La Toya (1.18 million) as OWN's highest-rated series premiere to date, with the first episode attracting 1.77 million viewers, and growing to 1.8 million for the second.[31][32]

By July 2013, Discovery considered the network to be "cash flow positive".[33] In an interview with People, Winfrey revealed that in 2012, she had a nervous breakdown over the channel's performance. Jason Russell had brought up the condition during an interview they were filming, which made Winfrey realize she was experiencing similar symptoms. She explained that "after 25 years of being No. 1, I had become accustomed to success. I didn't expect failure. I was tested and I had to dig deep", and that the scenario "forced me not to just talk the talk. Failure is a great teacher. I knew this intellectually. But it's another thing if you're living it.".[11]

The Haves and the Have Nots was renewed for a second season to premiere in 2014, while OWN ordered 10 additional episodes for season 1. Its first season finale was seen by 2.6 million viewers. The fifth episode of season 2 was seen by 3.6 million viewers, setting a new all-time ratings record for OWN.[34][35][36] In January 2014, OWN ordered another drama from Perry, If Loving You Is Wrong, which was adapted from Perry's feature film The Single Moms Club.[37][38] In February 2015, OWN ordered new seasons of For Better Or Worse, The Haves and the Have Nots, If Loving You Is Wrong, and Love Thy Neighbor.[39] In November 2017, OWN announced premiere dates for The Paynes (a spin-off of Perry's TBS sitcom Tyler Perry's House of Payne), as well as the fifth and fourth seasons of The Haves and the Have Nots and If Loving You Is Wrong.[40]

Shift towards premium dramas[edit]

In 2015, OWN began to pick up new scripted series from other producers. On February 2, 2015, OWN announced that it had ordered Ava DuVernay's drama Queen Sugar (based on the Natalie Baszile novel of the same name) directly to series.[41][42] This was followed in June by Greenleaf—a new drama from Craig Wright that follows the eponymous family's predominantly-African American megachurch in Memphis, Tennessee.[43][44]

In May 2016, Sheri Salata stepped down as co-president to launch a new "brand innovation" agency (although Winfrey and OWN were expected to be among her first clients). This left Erik Logan as sole president of the network.[45] The June 2016 premiere of Greenleaf was OWN's highest-rated series premiere to date, with 3.04 million viewers.[46] Queen Sugar also premiered to acclaim, with both series ranking among the top 5 ad-supported drama series on cable among women 25-54.[27]

In July 2017, Tyler Perry signed a new film and television/short form development deal with Viacom for future productions (particularly on BET) through 2024;[27] the film deal began immediately, while the television/short form deal will begin after the end of his pact with OWN in May 2019. OWN stated that Perry's series would continue to air on the network through at least 2020, and that it would "continue to aggressively expand its roster of premium original scripted series."[47][27]

In July 2017, Queen Sugar was renewed for a third season, and Harpo Films signed DuVernay to a first-look television and digital media deal.[48] In August 2017, OWN also ordered a new drama from Tarell Alvin McCraney, which will be a coming-of-age drama set in South Florida.[49] McCraney stated that he was given offers by other outlets such as Netflix, but that Winfrey (who had made a surprise visit when he visited the network to pitch the series) "from the start was wanting to open the story up and understand what it was about".[27]

In December 2017, Discovery announced that it would acquire an additional 24.5% stake in OWN that it did not already own, for $70 million, with Harpo remaining as a significant minority shareholder, and Winfrey remaining CEO. Winfrey also extended her exclusivity agreement with the network and Discovery through 2025.[50] In April 2018, OWN ordered two new series from Will Packer; the soap opera Ambitions and the dating show Ready to Love [51] In July 2018, Winfrey signed a non-exclusive, multi-platform content deal with Apple Inc.; it is not expected to affect her role at OWN.[52]

Wired considered OWN to have had a "major stake" in the push towards more diverse portrayals of African Americans in television, while Iyanla Vanzant argued that OWN had been "celebrating the unseen" among African Americans with shows that "give the minds of the viewers a different interpretation than the one that’s often put out in the world." [27]

In October 2018, network president Erik Logan announced that he would step down at the end of the year to pursue a job as head of content for the World Surf League. He will be succeeded by Tina Perry, who had worked business and legal affairs for MTV, VH1, and OWN.[53][54]

In December 2018, OWN launched new shows, which are Creepers, ColorTra, Sex In The Town and Just in Time. Later, on PBS, a new block called Nickelodeon ShowTime is launched, it also has created Harpo shows, such as The Connection and Creepers.

In 17th December, a new drama, Girls in Jeans, has now released exclusive to OWN and Nickelodeon ShowTime.

Programming[edit]

As of March 2014, the network's programming primarily consists of marathons, with eight-hour daytime blocks airing multiple episodes of the same series, usually a different show each day. The primetime programming varies and is repeated in late night, followed by an overnight movie and a morning block of talk shows including Dr. Phil, Rachel Ray, and The Nate Berkus Show. The programming includes a mix of original programs, specials, documentaries, and acquired movies. The channel does not air infomercials.

International[edit]

In Canada, the former Canadian version of Discovery Health, owned by Shaw Media, did not become a Canadian version of OWN, instead shifting to a reality-based format known as Twist TV.[55] Instead, Corus Entertainment agreed to launch a Canadian version of OWN—its existing channel Viva was re-launched as OWN on March 1, 2011.[56] During January and February 2011, selected OWN programming aired on both Viva and the co-owned W Network.[57] Both Shaw Media and Corus share common ownership interests from the J.R. Shaw family, but are considered separate companies.[58] Winfrey revealed to The New York Times that she is in final negotiations to release the channel in Brazil and Argentina.[59]

In April 2013, TLC UK began to air an OWN block.[60][61] The same programming block began airing Discovery Home & Health in Australia on August 4, 2013.[62] It was announced on September 20, 2013, that the OWN Programming Block would begin airing in South Africa on DStv beginning October 17, 2013.[63] OWN Programming Block also debuted in Poland and Russia in August and September; it also debuted on October 28, 2013, in Balkans/Romania/Bulgaria.[64]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seidman, Robert (February 22, 2015). "List of how many homes each cable network is in as of February 2015". TV by the Numbers. Zap2it. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Stelter, Brian. "Oprah's Network Is Her Highest Hurdle". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  3. ^ a b "Discovery, Winfrey to Team Up On Network". Washington Post. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  4. ^ "Will Oprah Winfrey End Show in 2011?". TV Guide. November 8, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2008.
  5. ^ "WINFREY'S SET TO DISOWN ABC". Page Six. 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  6. ^ a b c d e de Moraes, Lisa (January 26, 2012). "At Oprah Winfrey Network, the Revolving Door Spins Again". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
  7. ^ Stelter, Brian. "A Tearful Winfrey Explains Her Departure". Media Decoder. The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  8. ^ "Discovery Health Lives On, Combining With FitTV". Multichannel. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
  9. ^ "Discovery To Launch New Health, Fitness Channel". TVNewsCheck. January 17, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  10. ^ Lieberman, David (2014-07-08). "Discovery Will Rebrand Fit & Health Channel As Discovery Life". Retrieved 2016-08-27.
  11. ^ a b Finke, Lisa de Moraes,Nikki (2013-08-16). "Oprah Winfrey Talks OWN Network, Failure, And Symptoms Of Her Nervous Breakdown". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  12. ^ a b Stelter, Brian. "Oprah's New Channel Struggles to Pull In Viewers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  13. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (2011-03-09). "OWN Moves 'Behind The Scenes' To Sunday, Goes To 3 Nights Of Original Programming". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  14. ^ "Oprah Replaces OWN CEO, Says Network Is 'Not Where I Want It to Be'". TV Guide. May 9, 2011.
  15. ^ a b "OWN Shifting Attention to Its African-American Viewers". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  16. ^ "OWN To Launch 'Super Soul Sunday' Block". Deadline. 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  17. ^ "Rosie O'Donnell's New OWN Talk Show Soft in Ratings Debut". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  18. ^ "The Biz: Analyzing This Season's Talk Shows". TVGuide.com. 2011-11-15. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  19. ^ "OWN Revamps 'The Rosie Show' With New Set, Exec Producer". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  20. ^ Metz, Nina. "Rosie's new talk show set a head-scratcher". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  21. ^ "OWN Cancels Rosie O'Donnell Talk Show". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  22. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2012-03-12). "Oprah's Interview With Whitney Houston's Daughter Delivers Ratings Record For OWN". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  23. ^ Cook, Wendy (May 13, 2012). "Oprah OWN Losses Mounting — Network Off a Reported $330 Million, Off The Air Soon?". The National Ledger. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  24. ^ Stelter, Brian (January 18, 2013). Winfrey's low-rated cable channel is poised to break through. The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  25. ^ Caramanica, Jon. "'Iyanla: Fix My Life,' on OWN". Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  26. ^ Patten, Dominic (2012-09-18). "OWN's 'Iyanla: Fix My Life' Debuts Strong, 'Welcome To Sweetie Pie's' Return Hits Series High". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  27. ^ a b c d e f "How Oprah's Network Finally Found Its Voice". WIRED. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  28. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2012-10-01). "Oprah' OWN And Tyler Perry In Deal For Scripted Series: Exclusive & Multi-Year". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  29. ^ Philiana Ng (April 4, 2013). "OWN Sets Premieres for Tyler Perry's Scripted Series, Greenlights Two Shows". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
  30. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2013-02-20). "OWN Picks Up Tyler Perry's Sitcom 'For Better Or Worse', Orders Third Season". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  31. ^ O'Connell, Michael (May 29, 2013). "TV Ratings: Tyler Perry Premiere Gives OWN a Record Launch". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  32. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (May 29, 2013). "Solid Debut For Tyler Perry's 'The Haves And Have Nots' On OWN". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
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  35. ^ Kissell, Rick (2014-03-12). "'Haves and Have Nots' Sets OWN Ratings Record With Its Finale". Variety. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  36. ^ Patten, Dominic (2014-01-08). "OWN's 'The Haves & The Have Nots' Returns With Series & Network High". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  37. ^ Nededog, Jethro (June 5, 2014). "Tyler Perry's 'Single Mom's Club' Adaptation for OWN Gets New Name". The Wrap. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  38. ^ "OWN Orders Series Based on Tyler Perry's 'Single Moms Club'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  39. ^ Team, The Deadline (2015-02-27). "OWN Wants More Tyler Perry — And Gets It". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  40. ^ Pedersen, Erik (2017-11-21). "Three Tyler Perry Series Get OWN Premiere Dates, Including Spinoff 'The Paynes'". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  41. ^ Levin, Gary (February 2, 2015). "Oprah, DuVernay creating new drama for OWN". USA Today. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  42. ^ Wagmeister, Elizabeth (February 2, 2015). "Oprah Winfrey & Ava DuVernay Creating Original Drama Series For OWN". Variety. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  43. ^ Denise Petski. "OWN Sets Megachurch Drama Series From Craig Wright & Lionsgate". Deadline. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  44. ^ Reece Ristau. "OWN Picks Up Megachurch Drama". Variety. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  45. ^ "Sheri Salata Exits as OWN Co-President". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  46. ^ Patten, Dominic (2016-06-22). "Oprah-Starring 'Greenleaf' Delivers OWN's Best Debut Ratings Ever". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  47. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2017-07-14). "Tyler Perry Inks Mega Film & Television Deal With Viacom". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  48. ^ Otterson, Joe (2017-07-26). "'Queen Sugar' Renewed for Season 3, Ava DuVernay Inks First-Look TV Deal With Harpo Films". Variety. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  49. ^ Petski, Nellie Andreeva,Denise (2017-08-16). "OWN Orders Coming-Of-Age Drama Series From 'Moonlight's Tarell Alvin McCraney". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  50. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (December 4, 2017). "Discovery Communications Ups Stake In OWN Via $70 Million Harpo Deal, Oprah Winfrey Extends Contract Through 2025". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  51. ^ Holloway, Daniel (2018-04-17). "OWN Orders Two Series From Will Packer". Variety. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  52. ^ "Oprah Winfrey Inks Content Deal With Apple". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  53. ^ "OWN Exec Moves: Tina Perry Named GM, Erik Logan Departing for World Surf League". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  54. ^ "Tina Perry Named GM of OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  55. ^ "Discovery Health Rebrands As Twist TV" Archived September 23, 2010, at the Wayback Machine..
  56. ^ Corus Entertainment (news release) (September 29, 2010). "OWN: The Oprah Winfrey Network Comes to Canada". CNW Group. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
  57. ^ "Corus Entertainment Announces March 1, 2011 as the Canadian Launch Date for OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network". CNW. November 9, 2010.
  58. ^ Corus Entertainment (June 19, 1999). "Shaw Communications' Broadcast Properties Take on New Corporate Identity". Archived from the original on February 13, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
  59. ^ [clarification needed] Época (May 12, 2011). "Oprah Winfrey quer trazer seu canal para o Brasil" (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 6, 2011.
  60. ^ Tambay A. Obenson (May 20, 2013). "Oprah Winfrey & Discovery Networks Int'l Partner To Launch OWN Programming Block In The UK". IndieWire. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  61. ^ O'Connell, Michael (April 3, 2013). "OWN Launching Oprah Winfrey Block on TLC's New U.K. Effort (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  62. ^ "OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network and Discovery Networks International to Launch OWN Programming Block in Australia, Exclusively on Discovery Home & Health". The Futon Critic. June 17, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  63. ^ "OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network and Discovery Networks International Announce Exclusive OWN Programming Block in South Africa". The Futon Critic (Press release). September 20, 2013.
  64. ^ "Oprah Winfrey is on TLC in the UK and Poland - @OWNTV". Oprah.com. Retrieved 2014-03-17.

External links[edit]