|• ISO 259||ʔor Yhuda|
|• Type||City (from 1988)|
|• Mayor||Liat Shochat|
|• Total||5,141 dunams (5.141 km2 or 1.985 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Judah's Light|
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Economy
- 4 Education
- 5 Gallery
- 6 International Relations
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Bronze Age through Roman period
Or Yehuda is located on the site of the biblical town of Ono. A bit confusingly, the name of biblical Ono was wrongly inherited by another modern town located not far from Or Yehuda, namely Kiryat Ono.
Early Muslim through Mamluk period
During early Ottoman rule in Palestine, the revenues of the village of Kafr 'Ana were in 1557 designated for the new waqf of Hasseki Sultan Imaret in Jerusalem, established by Hasseki Hurrem Sultan (Roxelana), the wife of Suleiman the Magnificent. In 1596, Kafr 'Ana was a village in the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jerusalem ( liwa' ("district") of Jerusalem), with a population of 116. Villagers paid taxes to the authorities for the crops that they cultivated, which included wheat, barley, olives, and fruit, as well as on other types of property, such as goats and beehives and vineyards.
In 1596, Saqiya was a village in the nahiya of Ramla (liwa´ of Gaza), with a population of 270. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, fruit and sesame, as well as on other types of property, such as goats, beehives and vineyards.
French explorer Victor Guérin visited Kafr 'Ana in 1863 and noted that "near the village are two shallow basins hollowed in rock, not built up, which receive the winter rains. Several wells are here as well, which permit the gardens to be irrigated. By the side of one of these wells I observed trunks of columns which seemed ancient." In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Kafr 'Ana as a village built of adobe bricks and surrounded by palm trees.
British Mandate period
1948 and after
The villages of Kafr 'Ana, Saqiya and Khayriya were depopulated in the weeks leading up to the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, during the Haganah's offensive Mivtza Hametz (Operation Hametz) 28–30 April 1948. Local Arabs also report of military events that preceded by a few days Operation Hametz.
Or Yehuda and Ramat Pinkas
The modern town of Or Yehuda was established in 1950 on the lands of Saqiya and Kafr 'Ana by Jews from Iraq and North Africa. Ramat Pinkas was established in the year 1952, on land formerly belonging to Khayriya.
In 1988, Or Yehuda was declared a city.
In 2008, part of the Ef'al Regional Council, including Ramat Pinkas, merged into Or Yehuda.
According to the CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 100.0% Jewish. In 2001 there were 13,900 males and 14,000 females. The population of the city was spread out with 34.6% 19 years of age or younger, 17.7% between 20 and 29, 20.5% between 30 and 44, 15.8% from 45 to 59, 3.1% from 60 to 64, and 8.2% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.4%.
In 2000, Or Yehuda had 14 schools and a student enrollment of 5,147 students (10 elementary schools with 2,894 students, and 6 high schools with 2,253 students). 55.7% of 12th graders were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.
In 1982, Or Yehuda was one of the first few cities to take part in the Program for Talented Youth in Mathematics, established by Professor Zvi Arad and Bernark Pinchuk, at Bar-Ilan University. Among the high-school students of Or Yehuda participating in this program was Boaz Tsaban, who proceeded to win national prizes for his achievements, and is now a Professor of mathematics at Bar-Ilan University. Since the establishment of this program, a good number of high-school students took part in this program.
Location of Or Yehuda in the Tel Aviv District
Memorial to Iraqis in Or Yehuda
roundabout in Or Yehuda
Twin towns — Sister cities
Or Yehuda is twinned with:
- Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Berlin, Germany
- Milwaukee, USA - sister city of Or Yehuda since 1978.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land (3rd edition 1993), Jerusalem, Carta, s.v. Or Yehuda
- Mishnah (Arakhin 9:6).
- Khalidi, 1992, p 247
- Singer, 2002, p.52
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 119. Quoted in Khalidi 1992, p. 247
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 154. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 257.
- Stated in Khalidi 1968: 145. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p.257-258.
- Guérin, 1868, p. 320, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 265
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, 251. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 247
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa, p. 20
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. Khalidi, 1992, p. 258
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 258
- "Suicide and car bomb attacks in Israel since the 'Declaration of Principles' in September 1993". Likud.nl. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
- Translation co Babylon sets new Guinness record for downloads, Globes, 14 July 11
- "Project Renewal: Or Yehuda". Jewishmuseummilwaukee.org. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Or Yehuda.|
- Official website (Hebrew)