Ora, Israel

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Ora

אוֹרָה
Ora in 2007
Ora in 2007
Ora is located in Jerusalem, Israel
Ora
Ora
Coordinates: 31°45′15.12″N 35°9′13.32″E / 31.7542000°N 35.1537000°E / 31.7542000; 35.1537000Coordinates: 31°45′15.12″N 35°9′13.32″E / 31.7542000°N 35.1537000°E / 31.7542000; 35.1537000
DistrictJerusalem
CouncilMateh Yehuda
AffiliationMoshavim Movement
Founded1950
Founded byYemenite Jews
Population
(2017)[1]
1,388

Ora (Hebrew: אוֹרָה‬, lit. Radiance) is a moshav in central Israel. Located southwest of Jerusalem, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 1,388.[1]

History[edit]

The village was established in 1950 by Jews from Yemen on land that had belonged to the depopulated Palestinian village of al-Jura.[2] The residents initially lived in tents and by 1954 only thirteen families remained.[3]

In 1953 Percy Newman, a British Jewish industrialist, donated money to the Jewish National Fund for the purchase of 3,000 dunams for the moshav.[3] Several North African Jews later joined the moshav.[3]

Residents were given tracts of land allocated for poultry farming and continued to live in tents, without running water or electricity, until 1957. Before the establishment of Kiryat HaYovel, the closest neighborhood was Beit VeGan, which was reached on foot or by donkey.[4]

In the 1990s, after the wave of Russian immigration to Israel, the moshav increased egg production from 300 million to 500 million eggs a year.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains:The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 298. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  3. ^ a b c Remembering Percy Newman The Jerusalem Post, 26 September 2011
  4. ^ a b Art galleries in chicken coops? No more Ha'aretz