Oradour-sur-Glane

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Oradour-sur-Glane

Orador de Glana  (Occitan)
Oradour-sur-Glane Town Hall
Oradour-sur-Glane Town Hall
Coat of arms of Oradour-sur-Glane
Coat of arms
Location of Oradour-sur-Glane
Oradour-sur-Glane is located in France
Oradour-sur-Glane
Oradour-sur-Glane
Oradour-sur-Glane is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Oradour-sur-Glane
Oradour-sur-Glane
Coordinates: 45°55′58″N 1°01′57″E / 45.9328°N 1.03250°E / 45.9328; 1.03250Coordinates: 45°55′58″N 1°01′57″E / 45.9328°N 1.03250°E / 45.9328; 1.03250
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentHaute-Vienne
ArrondissementRochechouart
CantonSaint-Junien
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Philippe Lacroix[1]
Area
1
38.16 km2 (14.73 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
2,466
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
87110 /87520
Elevation227–312 m (745–1,024 ft)
(avg. 285 m or 935 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Oradour-sur-Glane (French pronunciation: ​[ɔʁaduʁ syʁ ɡlan]; Occitan: Orador de Glana) is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France, as well as the name of the main village within the commune.

History[edit]

The original village was destroyed on 10 June 1944, when 643 of its inhabitants, including women and children, were massacred by a company of troops belonging to the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, a Waffen-SS unit of the military forces of Nazi Germany. A new village was built after the war on a nearby site, but on the orders of the then French president, Charles de Gaulle, the original has been maintained as a permanent memorial. The Centre de la mémoire d'Oradour museum is located beside the historic site.

Personalities linked to the commune[edit]

  • Robert Hébras, born on 29 June 1925 in Oradour-sur-Glane; one of the six survivors of the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre on 10 June 1944.
  • Jean-Claude Peyronnet, (1940–), French politician, creator of the Centre of the Memory of Oradour-sur-Glane.
  • Sébastien Puygrenier began his football career at US Oradour-sur-Glane where his father and his uncles played
  • Didier Barbelivien, French singer-songwriter, pays tribute to Oradour by his song "Les amants d'Oradour".

Geography[edit]

The municipality borders with Javerdat, Cieux, Peyrilhac, Veyrac, Saint-Victurnien and Saint-Brice-sur-Vienne.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17931,303—    
18001,191−1.28%
18061,222+0.43%
18211,585+1.75%
18311,722+0.83%
18361,740+0.21%
18411,824+0.95%
18461,989+1.75%
18511,919−0.71%
18561,952+0.34%
18611,848−1.09%
18661,874+0.28%
18721,830−0.40%
18761,903+0.98%
18811,946+0.45%
18861,940−0.06%
18912,045+1.06%
18962,030−0.15%
YearPop.±% p.a.
19011,966−0.64%
19061,972+0.06%
19112,019+0.47%
19211,789−1.20%
19261,718−0.81%
19311,601−1.40%
19361,574−0.34%
19461,145−3.13%
19541,450+3.00%
19621,540+0.76%
19681,671+1.37%
19751,759+0.74%
19821,941+1.42%
19901,998+0.36%
19992,025+0.15%
20072,205+1.07%
20122,375+1.50%
20172,473+0.81%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Quneitra, Syrian city destroyed by Israeli forces and left as an open-air museum
  • Lidice, Czech village destroyed by Nazi forces in 1942

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Oradour-sur-Glane, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

Bibliography[edit]

  • Farmer, Sarah. Martyred Village: Commemorating the 1944 Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. University of California Press, 2000.
  • Fouché, Jean-Jacques. Massacre At Oradour: France, 1944; Coming To Grips With Terror, Northern Illinois University Press, 2004.
  • Penaud, Guy. La "Das Reich" 2e SS Panzer Division (Parcours de la division en France, 560 pp), Éditions de La Lauze/Périgueux. ISBN 2-912032-76-8