Orange-crowned warbler

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Orange-crowned warbler
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Parulidae
Genus: Leiothlypis
L. celata
Binomial name
Leiothlypis celata
(Say, 1823)
Oreothlypis celata map.svg
Range of L. celata      Breeding range     Year-round range     Wintering range

Helmintophila celata
Vermivora celata
Oreothlypis celata

Crown patch visible

The orange-crowned warbler (Leiothlypis celata) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family.


Orange-crowned warbler Quintana, Texas

These birds are distinguished by their lack of wing bars, streaking on the underparts, strong face marking or bright colouring, resembling a fall Tennessee warbler and a black-throated blue warbler, both of which are also members of the New World warbler family. The orange patch on the crown is usually not visible. They have olive-grey upperparts, yellowish underparts with faint streaking and a thin pointed bill. They have a faint line over their eyes and a faint broken eye ring. Females and immatures are duller in colour than males. Western birds are yellower than eastern birds.

Standard Measurements[2][3]
length 4.8–5.3 in (120–130 mm)
weight 9 g (0.32 oz)
wingspan 7.25 in (184 mm)
wing 56.9–62.5 mm (2.24–2.46 in)
tail 46–51.5 mm (1.81–2.03 in)
culmen 10–11.2 mm (0.39–0.44 in)
tarsus 16.5–18.5 mm (0.65–0.73 in)

Life history[edit]

Their breeding habitat is open shrubby areas across Canada, Alaska and the western United States. The nest is a small open cup well-concealed on the ground under vegetation or low in shrubs. The female builds the nest; both parents feed the young.

These birds migrate to the southern United States and south to Central America.

They forage actively in low shrubs, flying from perch to perch, sometimes hovering. These birds eat insects, berries and nectar.

Four to six eggs are laid in a nest on the ground or in a low bush.[2]

The song of this bird is a trill, descending in pitch and volume. The call is a high chip.


  1. ^ BirdLife International 2016. Leiothlypis celata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22721624A94718199. Downloaded on 26 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b Godfrey, W. Earl (1966). The Birds of Canada. Ottawa: National Museum of Canada. p. 323.
  3. ^ Sibley, David Allen (2000). The Sibley Guide to Birds. New York: Knopf. p. 427. ISBN 0-679-45122-6.
  • Peluc, S.I.; Sillett, T.S.; Rotenberry, J.T.; Ghalambor, C.K. (2008). "Adaptive plasticity in nest site selection in response to increased predation risk". Behavioral Ecology. 19: 830–835. doi:10.1093/beheco/arn033.

External links[edit]