Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine

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Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine
SphingurusSpinosusSmit.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Erethizontidae
Genus: Coendou
Species: C. spinosus
Binomial name
Coendou spinosus
(Cuvier, 1822)
Taxidermized specimen at the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova

The Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine, Coendou spinosus, is a South American porcupine species from the family Erethizontidae.[2] It is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

They have a short tail and gray brown quills and feed on fruits, ant pupae, vegetables and roots.

This species was formerly sometimes assigned to Sphiggurus,[2] a genus no longer recognized since genetic studies showed it to be polyphyletic.[3] The population formerly recognized as the orange-spined hairy dwarf porcupine (Sphiggurus villosus)[4] has been reclassified to this species.[1] Its closest relatives are the bicolored-spined porcupine (Coendou bicolor) and the black dwarf porcupine (Coendou nycthemera).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roach, N.; Naylor, L. (2016). "Coendou spinosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T20630A22213974. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T20630A22213974.en. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Woods, C.A.; Kilpatrick, C.W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1538–1600. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ a b Voss, R. S.; Hubbard, C.; Jansa, S. A. (February 2013). "Phylogenetic Relationships of New World Porcupines (Rodentia, Erethizontidae): Implications for Taxonomy, Morphological Evolution, and Biogeography" (PDF). American Museum Novitates. 3769 (3769): 1–36. doi:10.1206/3769.2. 
  4. ^ Woods, C.A.; Kilpatrick, C.W. (2005). "Sphiggurus villosus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1538–1600. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  • John F. Eisenberg and Kent H. Redford, 2000. Mammals of Neotropics: Ecuador, Bolivia and Brazil.