Oranienbaum, Germany

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Oranienbaum
Oranienbaum Aerial view
Oranienbaum Aerial view
Coat of arms of Oranienbaum
Location of Oranienbaum
Oranienbaum is located in Germany
Oranienbaum
Oranienbaum
Oranienbaum is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Oranienbaum
Oranienbaum
Coordinates: 51°47′57″N 12°24′25″E / 51.79917°N 12.40694°E / 51.79917; 12.40694Coordinates: 51°47′57″N 12°24′25″E / 51.79917°N 12.40694°E / 51.79917; 12.40694
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictWittenberg
TownOranienbaum-Wörlitz
Area
 • Total32.30 km2 (12.47 sq mi)
Elevation
64 m (210 ft)
Population
 (2009-12-31)
 • Total3,280
 • Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
06785
Dialling codes034904
Vehicle registrationWB
Websitewww.oranienbaum.de

Oranienbaum (De-Oranienbaum.ogg ) is a former town and a former municipality in the district of Wittenberg, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Since 1 January 2011, it is a District (German: Ortsteil) of the town of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz. It is situated south of the Elbe, east of Dessau.

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

Duchy of Saxony 1180–1212

County of Anhalt 1212–1218
Principality of Anhalt 1218–1252
Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst 1252–1396

Principality of Anhalt-Dessau 1396–1561
Anhalt-Dessau, ruled by Anhalt-Zerbst 1561–1603
Principality of Anhalt-Dessau 1603–1807
Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau 1807–1863

Duchy of Anhalt 1863–1918
Free State of Anhalt 1918–1933

Free State of Anhalt de jure, Gau Halle-Merseburg de facto,  Nazi Germany 1933–1945

Saxony-Anhalt, Allied-occupied Germany Soviet occupation zone 1945–1949
Saxony-Anhalt,  East Germany 1949–1952
Bezirk Halle,  East Germany 1952–1990

Wittenberg (district), Saxony-Anhalt,  Germany 1990–present

The former settlement of Nischwitz was renamed in 1673 after Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau, a scion of the House of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Oranje-Nassau) and princess consort of the then ruling Prince John George II of Anhalt-Dessau.

From 1683 on, the Countess had the Oranienbaum Palace erected according to plans by the Dutch architect Cornelis Ryckwaert. The parks are today included within the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000.

Sights[edit]

Protestant church
  • Oranienbaum Palace, park and Chinese garden with pagoda
  • Baroque parish church, built in 1712
  • Monument Path with 29 stations
  • Historical market square
  • Dutch architectural style of the 19th century

International relations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]