Árva County

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"Árva" redirects here. For other uses, see Arva.
Árva County
Comitatus Arvensis
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
14th century–1920

Coat of arms of Árva

Coat of arms

Location of Árva
Capital Alsókubin (Dolný Kubín)
49°13′N 19°18′E / 49.217°N 19.300°E / 49.217; 19.300Coordinates: 49°13′N 19°18′E / 49.217°N 19.300°E / 49.217; 19.300
 •  Established 14th century
 •  Abolished 1920
 •  1910 2,019 km2 (780 sq mi)
 •  1910 78,700 
Density 39 /km2  (101 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia, Poland

Árva (Slovak: Orava, Polish: Orawa, German: Arwa) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in northern Slovakia and southern Poland.


19th century map of Árva county

In the past Árva county shared borders with the Austrian land Galicia and the Hungarian counties Trencsén, Turóc and Liptó County. The county's territory was situated along the Árva (Orava) river between Zázriva (Zázrivá) and the Tatra mountains. Its area was 2,019 km² around 1910. Now the territory is divided between Poland and Slovakia. The main Polish town of Orava is Jabłonka.


The county seat was at the Orava Castle (Hungarian: Árva vára), until 1520, then it was moved to Nagyfalu (also Magna Villa, Nagfalw, Velicsna, Velka Wesz, present-day Veličná). After the destruction of the town by the Lithuanian troops in 1683, the seat was moved to Alsókubin (also Kolbin, Kublen, Kubin, Also Helben, Clbin, Culbyn, Cublyn, present-day Dolný Kubín).[1]


The first written mention about Árva county (comitatus) is from 1349.[2] However, the territory had been still referenced as a district in 1351-1368 and it finally became a county with its own self-administration in 1370.[2] In the aftermath of World War I, the county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. After a border dispute (treated in detail under Polish–Czechoslovak border conflicts) several villages in the north-east territory were exchanged between Poland and Czechoslovakia.


In 1900, the county had a population of 85.009 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]


According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]


Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, county had a population of 78,745 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[5]


According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[6]



The original seat of the county was Orava Castle

In the early 20th century, the districts and their capitals were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Alsókubin Alsókubin, SK Dolný Kubín
Námesztó Námesztó, SK Námestovo
Trsztena Trsztena, SK Trstená
Vár Turdossin, SK Tvrdošín


  1. ^ Maslíková, Ľudmila (2010). "Hospodárske pomery vo Veličnej na základe urbárov z 17. a prvej polovice 18. storočia". Historia nova (in Slovak). Bratislava: Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Komenského (1): 46. ISBN 978-80-8127-160-1. 
  2. ^ a b Maslíková 2010, p. 41.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  5. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  6. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 

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