Orava (river)

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Hungarian: Árva, German: Arwa, Polish: Orawa
Orava River at Dolný Kubín, showing houses of Záskalie neighbourhood
Country Slovakia
Source Orava reservoir, taking water from White Orava in Slovakia and from Black Orava in Poland
 - elevation 601 m (1,972 ft)
 - coordinates 49°23′N 19°33′E / 49.383°N 19.550°E / 49.383; 19.550
Mouth Váh river
 - location Kraľovany
 - elevation 430.7 m (1,413 ft)
 - coordinates 49°09′N 19°09′E / 49.150°N 19.150°E / 49.150; 19.150Coordinates: 49°09′N 19°09′E / 49.150°N 19.150°E / 49.150; 19.150
Length 60.9 km (38 mi)
Basin 1,991.8 km2 (769 sq mi)
Discharge mouth
 - average 34.5 m3/s (1,218 cu ft/s)
 - max 1,120 m3/s (39,552 cu ft/s)
 - min 2.3 m3/s (81 cu ft/s)
Progression VáhDanubeBlack Sea

The Orava (Hungarian: Árva) is a 60.9 km long river in north-western Slovakia passing through a picturesque country, in the Orava county. Its source is nowadays the Orava water reservoir whose waters flooded the confluence of Biela (White) Orava and Čierna (Black) Orava in 1953. It flows into the river Váh near the village of Kraľovany.


The name is of Slavic or Pre-Slavic origin. Proto-Slavic *or-, *orati: to scream, to roar (roaring river), Pre-Slavic *er-/*or-: fast, swift (swift river).[1][2] The suffix -ava is typical for older Slovak hydronyms, but it can be derived also from Germanic -ahwa (water).[3] The earliest records are fl. Arua (1287) and Oravia (1314).[1]


  1. ^ a b Majtán, Milan; Rymut, Kazimierz (2006). Hydronymia povodia Oravy [Hydronyms of the Orava River Basin] (PDF) (in Slovak). Bratislava: VEDA, vydavateľstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied. pp. 89–90. ISBN 80-224-0906-5. 
  2. ^ Krško, Jaromír (2009). "Praslovanské apelatíva ako motivanty hydroným povodia Váhu" [Old Slavonic Appellatives as Motivating Words for Hydronyms of the Váh River Basin] (PDF). Slavica Slovaca (in Slovak). Vydavateľstvo Matice Slovenskej (1): 18. 
  3. ^ Závodný, Andrej (2008). "Distribúcia sufixu -ava v slovenskej hydronýmii" [Distribution of the suffix -ava in the Slovak hydronymy] (PDF). Logos onomastiky (in Slovak). Donetsk National University (2). 

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