Oravița

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Oraviţa)
Jump to: navigation, search
Oravița
Town
Skyline of Oravița
Coat of arms of Oravița
Coat of arms
Location of Oravița
Location of Oravița
Country  Romania
County Caraș-Severin County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Dumitru Ursu (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 162.64 km2 (62.80 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 15,265
 • Density 90/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Climate Cfb
Website http://www.oravita.ro/

Oravița (Romanian pronunciation: [oˈravit͡sa]; Hungarian: Oravicabánya; German: Orawitz; Czech: Oravice; Serbo-Croatian: Oravica/Оравица) is a town in southwestern Romania, in Caraș-Severin County, with a population of 15,524 in 2000. Its theater is a fully functional scaled down version of the old Burgtheater in Vienna. Six villages are administered by the town: Agadici (Agadics; Agaditsch), Brădișoru de Jos (Majdán), Broșteni (Brostyán), Ciclova Montană (Csiklóbánya; Montan-Tschiklowa), Marila (Marillavölgy; Marillathal) and Răchitova (Rakitova).

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1930 9,585 —    
1948 6,974 −27.2%
1956 8,175 +17.2%
1966 9,912 +21.2%
1977 14,987 +51.2%
1992 15,293 +2.0%
2002 15,222 −0.5%
2011 10,225 −32.8%
Source: Census data

Etymology[edit]

The name of the town is derived from the Slavic word orah(ov), meaning "(of) walnut" with suffix -ița.[1]

Agadici village[edit]

The history of Agadici can be traced back to at least the 17th century, when records noted a population of "800 souls". Today, there are fewer than 200 people living in Agadici. Agadici is a word derived from Turkish: Aga meaning 'colonel' and dici meaning 'daughter'. Therefore, Agadici means "daughter of the colonel". The town was supposedly named after a colonel's daughter when the Ottoman Empire occupied the land that is now the Banat (see the Temeșvar Eyalet).

Anina–Oravița railway[edit]

View from Oravița–Anina mountain railway in 2010

The Anina–Oravița was the first mountain railway in today's Romania, opened in 1863, it is still in use today for touristic purposes, and it is one of the most beautiful railways in Europe due to very picturesque landscapes, viaducts and long tunnels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iordan, Iorgu (1963). Toponimia romînească. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne. p. 84. OCLC 460710897. 

Coordinates: 45°02′N 21°41′E / 45.033°N 21.683°E / 45.033; 21.683