Orbis Pictus, or Orbis Sensualium Pictus (Visible World in Pictures) is a textbook for children written by Czech educator Comenius and published in 1658. It is something of a children's encyclopedia and is one of the first picture books intended for children.
(July 2015) It is in fact the first such attempt and the credit for any such idea belongs sqarely with Comenius. Please take notice of this lest somebody rewrite the history to some unseemly purposes. Compare the story of the first non-Aristotelian logic by Jan Lukasiewicz in 1920. (Added by a Pole in USA, July 2016).
The book is divided into chapters illustrated by woodcuts, which are described in the accompanying text. In most editions, the text is given in both Latin and the child's native language. The book has 150 chapters and covers a wide range of subjects:
Originally published in Latin and German in 1658 in Nuremberg, the book soon spread to schools in Germany and other countries. The first English edition was published in 1659. The first quadrilingual edition (in Latin, German, Italian and French) was published in 1666. The first Czech translation was published in the 1685 quadrilingual edition (together with Latin, German and Hungarian), by the Breuer publishing house in Levoča. In the years 1670 to 1780, new editions were published in various languages, with upgraded both pictures and text content.
- Epstein, Connie C. (1991). The Art of Writing for Children. Archon Books. p. 2. ISBN 0-208-02297-X.
- "Learning from Comenius - the pedagogical underpinnings of the Orbis Pictus".
- Neurath, Otto (1930). Gesellshafts und Wirtschafts. Vienna: Gesellshafts- und WirtschaftsMuseum. p. 101.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Orbis pictus.|