Orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus

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Orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus
Orbital part of the IFG animation small.gif
Orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus (shown in red).
Lateral surface - Orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus.png
Lateral surface of cerebral cortex
Details
Identifiers
Latin pars orbitalis gyri frontalis inferioris
NeuroLex ID Orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus
TA A14.1.09.114
FMA 61982
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus also known as the pars orbitalis is the orbital part of the inferior frontal gyrus.

In the human, this region is bordered by the triangular part of the inferior frontal gyrus (pars triangularis) and, surrounding the anterior horizontal limb of the lateral sulcus, a portion of the opercular part of the inferior frontal gyrus (pars opercularis). Bounded caudally by the anterior ascending limb of the lateral sulcus, it borders on the insula in the depth of the lateral sulcus. It is bordered anteriorly/inferiorly by the lateral orbital sulcus.[1][2]

Cytoarchitectonically it is most closely represented by BA47.[3] However, note that BA47 and pars orbitalis are not synonymous, as pars orbitalis specifically refers to a grossly visible gyral region and BA47 refers to the cytoarchitectonic features of brain tissue. In vivo neuroscience research almost exclusively discusses the gyral region, although the gyral and cytoarchitectonic terms are frequently used synonymously.

Additional images[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Keller, S. S., Crow, T., Foundas, A., Amunts, K., & Roberts, N. (2009). Broca’s area: Nomenclature, anatomy, typology and asymmetry. Brain and Language, 109, 29–48. doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2008.11.005
  2. ^ Desikan, R. S., Ségonne, F., Fischl, B., Quinn, B. T., Dickerson, B. C., Blacker, D., … Killiany, R. J. (2006). An automated labeling system for subdividing the human cerebral cortex on MRI scans into gyral based regions of interest. NeuroImage, 31(3), 968–980. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.01.021
  3. ^ Brodmann, K. (1909). Vergleichende Lokalisationslehre der Grosshirnrinde in ihren Prinzipien dargestellt auf Grund des Zellenbaues. Leipzig, Germany: Barth.

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