Orchitis is inflammation of the testes. It can also involve swelling, pains and frequent infection, particularly of the epididymis (as in epididymis). The term is from the Ancient Greek ὄρχις meaning "testicle"; same root as orchid.
Signs and symptoms
- hematospermia (blood in the semen)
- hematuria (blood in the urine)
- severe pain
- visible swelling of a testicle or testicles and often the inguinal lymph nodes on the affected side.
Orchitis can be related to epididymitis infection that has spread to the testicles (then called "epididymo-orchitis"), sometimes caused by the sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia and gonorrhea. It has also been reported in cases of males infected with brucellosis. Orchitis can also be seen during active mumps, particularly in adolescent boys.
- Blood – ESR high
- Urine – Cultural & Sensitivity test
- Ultrasound scanning
In most cases where orchitis is caused by epididymitis, treatment is an oral antibiotic such as cefalexin or ciprofloxacin until infection clears up. In both causes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen or ibuprofen are recommended to relieve pain. Sometimes stronger pain medications in the opiate category are called for and are frequently prescribed by experienced emergency department physicians.
- "orchitis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
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