Order of King Abdulaziz

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Order of King Abdulaziz
Orde van Abdaluziz Al Saud.jpg
Insignia of the Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud
(2nd grade)
Ster, Orde van Abdoel Aziz al Saoed.jpg
Star of the Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud
Awarded by Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Type order of merit with 5 degrees
Established 20 March 1971
Status currently constituted
Precedence
Next (higher) Great Chain of Badr
Next (lower) Order of King Faysal
Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens.png
Ribbon bar of the Order of King Abdulaziz Al Saud

The Order of King Abdulaziz is a Saudi-Arabian Order of Merit. The order was named after Abdulaziz Al Saud, founder of the modern Saudi state.[1]

History[edit]

In 1971, the introduction of orders was announced in a decree.[2][3] It was instituted by King Faisal on 20 March 1971.[4] However, the order had been awarded before that date unsystematically.[5] These earliest versions were produced by Bichay in Cairo, Egypt.[5] The early version of the order was called Great Chain of Badr. The Saudi king, Fons honorum of the orders, confirmed the decree in his Royal decree.[6]

The Collar of Abdulaziz Al Saud[edit]

The collar is regarded as a separate order. It also confers the highest rank in the Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud, and, unlike the Great Chain of Badr, is awarded to non-Muslim heads of state.

The Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud[edit]

The order is awarded to citizens of Saudi Arabia and foreigners for meritorious service to the Kingdom. The Council of Ministers makes the nominations but the King confers awards to foreigners himself when he determines it to be appropriate. Awardees enter in the 4th class of the order, with the exception of ministers and appointees for bravery, who can enter the order in a higher class. Members of the order can advance to the next higher class every five years.

The number of Saudi conferments is limited annually. The statutes of the order stipulate no more than 20 grand sashes of the distinguished class. Up to 40, 60, 80 and 100 awards can be granted to members of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th classes, respectively.

Classes[edit]

The Classes include:

  • Special Class (comparable with "Grand Cordon"). A sash with pendant is worn on the right shoulder, plus a star on the left chest;
  • Distinguished First Class (comparable with "Grand Officer"). The insignia is worn on a necklet, plus a golden star on the left chest;
  • First Class (comparable with "Commander 1st Class"). The insignia is worn on a necklet, plus a silver star on the left chest;
  • Second Class (comparable with "Commander"). The insignia is worn on a necklet;
  • Third Class (comparable with "Officer"). A badge is worn on a ribbon with a rosette on the left chest;
  • Fourth Class (comparable with "Knight"). A badge is worn on a ribbon on the left chest.

The Saudis avoid words like "cross" (as in "Grand-Cross") and "knight".[citation needed]

The order is sometimes referred to as the:

  • King Abdulaziz Order of Merit
  • King Abdulaziz Al Saud Excellence Medal
  • King Abdulaziz Medal

Notable recipients[edit]

Saudi royalty[edit]

Politicians and officials[edit]

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi being conferred the award by King Salman.

Military[edit]

Lt General James Ahmann – USAF Commander USMTM

Others[edit]

  • Krzysztof Płomiński – Polish diplomat
  • Sir Alan Munro – British diplomat[36]
  • Dr John Ind – British Physician for services to the Royal Family and the Medical Services Department of the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Defence by Order of HM King Abdullah bin Abdelaziz al Saud (First Class).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bush Visits Saudi Arabia for Talks With King Abdullah". AP. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  2. ^ No.122 van 24 1-1391
  3. ^ No.123 of 24 1-1391
  4. ^ "Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: King Abdulaziz Order of Merit". Medals. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Raw Rees, Owain (May 1999). "The Awards of King Saud". Jeddah: King Saud website. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  6. ^ No.4 of 25 1-1391
  7. ^ "His Royal Highness Prince Bandar bin Sultan". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Al Mulhim, Abdulateef (24 April 2013). "Prince Fahd bin Abdullah: An admiral and a desert lover". Arab News. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz". Saudi Embassy. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Saudi Arabia: Princess Sara honoured Medal of First Class". Gulf States Newsletter (946). Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "His royal highness Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz". Riyadh Government. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  12. ^ جريدة الرياض (12 December 2011). "جريدة الرياض : وزير الدفاع يقلد الفريق الوقداني والفريق خالد بن بندر وسام الملك عبدالعزيز". Al Riyadh. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "Head of King Khalid Award announces names of winners". Ain Alyaqeen. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "His Royal Highness Prince Turki bin Nasser bin Abdulaziz Al Saud". Saudi Environmental Society. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Medals". Al Waleed Al Saud Official website. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "AOU and KNG organize Crisis and Disaster Management in Kuwait and the role of KNG Symposium". www.arabou.edu.kw. 
  17. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Baker, Peter (20 May 2017). "Trump Gets a Gold Medal as Welcome From Saudi King". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  18. ^ "Saudi King awards Theresa May honour for “meritorious service”". 5Pillars. 
  19. ^ "Modi conferred highest Saudi civilian honour". Hindustan times. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  20. ^ Syed, Imran (30 April 2017). "South Africa emerging as one of the most popular trade and investment destinations - Saudi Gazette". 
  21. ^ "Xi Jinping Holds Talks with King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia Two Heads of State Jointly Announce Establishment of China-Saudi Arabia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership". Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China. 2016-01-20. Retrieved 2016-08-22. 
  22. ^ "Jokowi Receives King Abdul Azis Medal". Tempo.co. 12 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  23. ^ "Saudi king decorates Egypt president with highest medal". Press TV. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "Cameron, weapons dealer turns peace maker". Press TV. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "Najib receives award". PR Newswire. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  26. ^ Italia-Arabia/A Berlusconi la più alta onorificenza reale saudita Ilcittadinomb
  27. ^ "Obama gets some bling... in the form of Saudi Arabia's highest honour". Daily Mail. 3 June 2009. 
  28. ^ "The world's 50 most influential Arabs". The Middle East. 1 May 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  29. ^ "石油備蓄で基地提供提案 安倍首相、サウジ国王に". 47news. 29 April 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  30. ^ Atul Aneja Putin goes calling on the Saudis. The Hindu. 20 February 2007
  31. ^ "Sabah Dynasty". Royal Ark. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  32. ^ "Mohayya, Chief of General Staff, conferring King Abdul Aziz Al Saud Excellence Medal which is the highest military award of Saudi Armed Forces, to General Tariq Majid, CJCSC on behalf of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud". ISPR. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 
  33. ^ "Gen Raheel meets with Saudi political, military leadership". Dawn. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  34. ^ علی شمخانی، دبیر شورای عالی امنیت ملی ایران شد Shafaqna
  35. ^ "Today in History". SeaWaves. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  36. ^ "Committee Members". The Saudi British Society. Retrieved 10 February 2013.