Order of Carol I

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Order of Carol I
Ordinul Carol I
CarolIS.jpg
Star of the order
Awarded by Royal standard of Romania (King, 1922 model).svg King of Romania
Type Dynastic Order
Royal house House of Romania
Religious affiliation Romanian Orthodox
Ribbon Pale blue with gold edges bearing a narrow red stripe.
Motto PRIN STATORNICIE LA IZBÂNDĂ
("To Victory Through Steadiness")
Awarded for Conspicuous and special merit
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign King Michael I of Romania
Grand Master Queen Anne
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Knight Grand Cross with Collar, Knight/Dame Grand Cross, Knight/Dame Grand Officer, Knight/Dame Commander,
Established 10 May 1909
1909–1947 (National Order)
1947 - present (House Order)
Precedence
Next (higher) None (Highest)
Next (lower) Order of the Crown
OrderofCarolI.ribbon.gif
The ribbon of the order

The Order of Carol I (Romanian: Ordinul Carol I) instituted on the 10th of May 1909[1] by King Carol I of Romania to celebrate his Ruby Jubilee of 40 years of his reign; The Order was the highest ranking of the Romanian Decorations of the Kingdom of Romania until the abolishment of monarchy in 1947. It is still currently the highest ranking Dynastic Order of all the Decorations of the Romanian Royal House awarded by the Head of the House of Romania.

During its time as a National Order it was widely awarded to Members of the Romanian Royal Family, Romanian Prime Ministers, Romanian politicians, foreign Monarchs & Heads of State, select few Consorts & Heirs and also people thought to be worthy of receiving the order by the King of the Romanians. There are currently no foreign Knights or Dames of the Order except for members of the Romanian Royal Family.

Classes[edit]

The order has only the superior classes, each of them with limited numbers:[2]

  • Grand Collar (limited to 10)
  • Grand Cross (limited to 20)
  • Grand Officer (limited to 30)
  • Commander (limited to 40)

Insignia[edit]

Collar[edit]

The Collar is in Gold and consists of 8 links of the emblems of the Danubian Principalities of The: Principality of Wallachia, Principality of Moldavia, Principality of Oltenia and Principality of Dobruja, 4 emblems on either side of the collar with 2 of the emblems of the House of Hohenzollern between each two Principalities; between each emblem is the monogram of King Carol I.[3] At the back of the collar is the lock which is an Eagle with open wings which suspends in half to wear.[4] At the front of the collar is the Steel Crown of Romania which the badge of the order suspends from.[5]

Badge[edit]

  • The Badge is the Romanian Eagle on top of a square Gold sunray on top of a Red Maltese cross. The Eagle wears the Crown of Romania, holds the Orthodox cross in its beak, holds the Sword of King Carol I in its left claw, holds the Royal Mantle in its right claw and supports the ribbon inscribed "PRIN STATORNICIE LA IZBÂNDĂ" by both its claws whilst on its chest is a small Gold effigy of King Carol I.[6]

On the obverse is the Red Maltese cross on top of the Gold sunray, in the middle of the Maltese Cross is a small Gold monogram of King Carol I.[7]

  • The Badge is featured on: The Collar, The Sash, The Medal and The Necklet.

Stars[edit]

There are two types of stars of the order: 1st which is for the Grand Cross with Collar/Grand Cross and the 2nd which is for the Grand Officer; both are to worn on the left stomach.

  • The 1st Star is in Gold which is 8-pointed, set in sunray's and is similar in shape of the Swedish Royal Order of the Seraphim; the Eagle which is on the Badge is on top of the star and set in Silver.[8]
  • The 2nd Star is also in Gold and also in sunray's, it is set in a Rhombus shape and is similar in shape of the Dutch Order of the Crown; the Eagle which is on the Badge is on top of the star and set in Gold.[9]

Sash[edit]

The Sash is pale Blue with Gold edges bearing a narrow Red stripe; at the bottom of the sash is a bow which joins both sides together and where the badge hangs from; It is worn from the right shoulder.[10]

Recipients[edit]

Grand Cross with Collar[edit]

Romanian royal family
Romania
Foreign

Grand Cross[edit]

Romanian Royal Family
Romania
Foreign

Grand Officer[edit]

Romanian Royal Family
Romania

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]