Order of Cultural Merit (Korea)

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This article is on the Korean order. For the Japanese order, see Order of Culture.
Order of Cultural Merit
Award of Republic of Korea
Type Order of merit
Status Currently awarded
President Park Geun-hye
Grades Geumgwan
Established 1951
Next (higher) Order of Saemaeul Service Merit
Next (lower) Order of Sports Merit
Related Civil Merit Medal

The Order of Cultural Merit (Hanja: 文化勳章 문화훈장) is one of the Republic of Korea's (South Korea) Orders of Merit. It is awarded to those who have rendered outstanding meritorious services in the interest of improving the national welfare.

Classes of Cultural Merit[edit]

The Order of Cultural Merit is conferred in five classes:

  1. Geumgwan (Gold Crown) 금관장
  2. Eungwan (Silver Crown) 은관장
  3. Bogwan (Precious Crown) 보관장
  4. Okgwan (Jeweled Crown) 옥관장
  5. Hwagwan (Flower Crown) 화관장
Ribbons of the order
ROK Order of Cultural Merit Geum-gwan (1st Class) ribbon.PNG
Geumgwan, 1st Class
ROK Order of Cultural Merit Eun-gwan (2nd Class) ribbon.PNG
Eungwan, 2nd Class
ROK Order of Cultural Merit Bo-gwan (3rd Class) ribbon.PNG
Bogwan, 3rd Class
ROK Order of Cultural Merit Og-gwan (4th Class) ribbon.PNG
Okgwan, 4th Class
ROK Order of Cultural Merit Hwa-gwan (5th Class) ribbon.PNG
Hwagwan, 5th Class

Other Orders of Merit[edit]

There are three kinds of decoration awarded by the Republic of Korea. They are Orders, Medals of Merit, and Service Medals.[1]

Select recipients[edit]

Geumgwan (Gold Crown), 1st Class[edit]

Eungwan (Silver Crown), 2nd Class[edit]

Bogwan (Precious Crown), 3rd Class[edit]

Okgwan (Jeweled Crown), 4th Class[edit]

Hwagwan (Flower Crown), 5th Class[edit]

Class unknown[edit]


  1. ^ Korea: its Land, People, and Culture of all Ages, pp. 145-146.
  2. ^ Askonas Holt, Myung-Whun Chung, biography; retrieved 2011-05-10
  3. ^ "Nation honors late video artist Paik Nam-june a year after death," Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (ROK). February 1, 2007, retrieved 2011-04-22
  4. ^ Lee Hyo-won. "Late Film Director Yu to Get National Order of Culture Merit," Korea Times (ROK). June 29, 2009, retrieved 2011-04-22
  5. ^ Jang, Sung-eun. "Beloved Korean Novelist Dies At 80," Wall Street Journal (US). January 26, 2011.
  6. ^ Association for Asian Studies (AAS), 1997 Award for Distinguished Contributions to Asian Studies; retrieved 2011-05-31
  7. ^ "Kun Woo Paik is awarded Order of Merit," ICA International Classical Artists (UK). 3 December 2010, citing "Pianist Paik Kun-woo honored," Korea Herald (ROK). 2 November 2010, retrieved 2011-04-22
  8. ^ a b c "`Old Boy' to Receive Order of Cultural Merit," Han Cinema (ROK). July 25, 2004, retrieved 2011-04-22
  9. ^ "Kadir Topbaş'a Kore devlet nişanı verildi" (in Turkish). Hürriyet. 2014-09-13. Retrieved 2014-09-13. 
  10. ^ "'Old Boy' Returns Medal in Screen Quota Protest," Chosun Ilbun (ROK). February 7, 2006.
  11. ^ "President Rho Confers the Order of Merit on the Korean Alphabet Day," George Washington University website (US). November 11, 2006, retrieved 2011-04-22
  12. ^ a b "Korean National Ballet, Principal Dancers" Korean National Ballet website. retrieved 2012-11-27
  13. ^ Han Sang-hee. "Bae Receives National Order of Culture Merit," Korea Times (ROK). October 19, 2008, retrieved 2011-04-22
  14. ^ Yrigoyen, Charles et al. (2005). Historical dictionary of Methodism, p. 176., p. 176, at Google Books
  15. ^ Martin, Samuel Elmo. ( 1996). Consonant Lenition in Korean and the Macro-Altaic Question, p. 168., p. 168, at Google Books


  • Korean Overseas Information Service. (1997) A Handbook of Korea, 6th edition. Seoul, Korea: Seoul International Publishing House. OCLC 16013390

External links[edit]