This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (August 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Heraldic arms of the order
Countries with active chapters
|Named after||Jacques de Molay|
|Motto||No DeMolay shall fail as a citizen, as a leader and as a man.|
|Formation||March 18, 1919|
|Founder||Frank Sherman Land|
|Founded at||Kansas City, Missouri|
|Type||Masonic youth fraternity|
|> 4 million worldwide|
|Part of a series on|
DeMolay International, founded in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1919, is an international fraternal organization for young men ages 12 to 21. It was named for Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar. DeMolay was incorporated in the 1990s and is classified by the IRS as a tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization.
DeMolay is open for membership to young men between the ages of 12 to 21 of good character[clarification needed] who acknowledge a higher spiritual power. It has about 15,000 active members spread throughout every continent save Antarctica. There are active chapters in Australia, Argentina, Aruba, Philippines, Paraguay, Bolivia, Ecuador (affiliated to Peru jurisdiction), Brazil, Italy, Peru, Romania, Greece (affiliated to Romania jurisdiction), France, French Guiana, Albania, Japan, Montenegro, Serbia and Bosnia (affiliated to Serbia jurisdiction).
Although not a "Masonic organization" as such, DeMolay is considered to be part of the general "family" of Masonic and associated organizations. A family connection to Masonry is not a prerequisite for membership into DeMolay.
The Order of DeMolay was founded in 1919 with nine members, most of whom lived near each other in Kansas City.
The crown appearing in the self-adopted heraldic arms (the emblem) of the order contains 10 rubies, each representing one of the original nine members and the organization's founder, Frank S. Land. The rubies were originally portrayed as pearls; as each founding member died, the pearl representing him was changed to a ruby.
DeMolay has seven Cardinal Virtues, taught as its basic ideals. They are:
- Filial love (the love of parents)
- Reverence for sacred things
A local DeMolay body is known as a Chapter and is headed by the Master Councilor. The Master Councilor is elected by members of his Chapter and is usually among the older members of the group. The Master Councilor is assisted in his duties by a Senior Councilor and a Junior Councilor. The Senior Councilor is usually considered to be next in line as Master Councilor and Junior Councilor to follow, though two people can run against each other. The remaining officers of a Chapter are appointed by the Master Councilor, except for the Scribe, who is appointed by the Chapter's Advisory Council.
Senior DeMolays (former members now 21 or older), Masons, or other adult mentors supervise the Chapter and are referred to as "Dad." One of the founding members thought of Frank Land as a father figure and called him "Dad Land". In recent years, women have also served as advisors [sic] for the group. Women advisors are referred to as "Mom".
In addition to the individual Chapter, DeMolay has an officer structure at the state, provincial, or other large regional level led by a State Master Councilor, Provincial Master Councilor, or Jurisdictional Master Councilor. In some countries, DeMolay may have a national level organization headed by a "National Master Councilor". There are also other state, provincial, or jurisdictional positions, based on the officers of a chapter, which vary for each jurisdiction. The lead advisor (always a Master Mason and a member of the Supreme Council) in a state, jurisdiction, or country, is called an Executive Officer. The lead advisor internationally is known as a Grand Master, who governs the International Supreme Council. There are also Active DeMolay officers at an international level; the International Master Councilor and International Congress Secretary are the heads of the International DeMolay Congress and serve on the Board of Directors. These officers are always past State Master Councilors.
In some countries other than the United States, the International Supreme Council of DeMolay has ceded control to an independent Supreme Council created to govern DeMolay in that country. Such a Supreme Council has its own Grand Master and officers. (Examples are Australia, Brazil, and the Philippines.)
Female youth leaders
Some DeMolay Chapters elect young women to positions of leadership, who act to support members and their activities.
DeMolay Chapters may elect a "Chapter Sweetheart" to serve as the female representative of the Chapter, although she is not an initiated member of DeMolay. Her duties may include attending Chapter functions and acting as an ambassador of DeMolay. The "Sweetheart" must meet the age requirements of a particular jurisdiction or Chapter (often 14 to 21.) She may be a member of a neighboring Job's Daughters Bethel, Rainbow Assembly, or Triangle, but that is not a set requirement in most Jurisdictions.
A Chapter may also elect a Chapter Princess. The program generally uses the same requirements as set forth for the Sweetheart. Her duties generally include attending Chapter functions and acting as an ambassador of DeMolay while assisting the Sweetheart in her duties.
A Chapter may also elect two Chapter Duchesses. The program generally uses the same requirements set forth for the Sweetheart. Her duties generally include attending Chapter functions and acting as an ambassador of DeMolay while assisting both the Sweetheart and Princess in their duties.
Chapter Little Sis
A Chapter may also elect other females, who may or may not be a member of Job's Daughters International or International Order of Rainbow for Girls, to be a Little Sis. She is usually 14–16 years old. She generally assists both the Princess and the Sweetheart in their duties.
Each state or jurisdiction holds an annual (or biennial, in some) event known as a Conclave or Convention. At this event, the members of the state or jurisdiction may vote on the State Master Councilor (or, in some cases the Provincial Master Councilor / Jurisdictional Master Councilor) and other elected positions. Some jurisdictions may elect a Deputy State Master Councilor, Sweetheart, and / or various other positions. In same cases, these officers are appointed by the Executive Officer of jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions may hold a specific event, called Congress, separate and apart from Conclave or Convention to elect their jurisdictional officers and vote on any changes to the jurisdictional by-laws, then install the new officers at their Conclave or Convention.
Jurisdictional/State Officers are the leaders of their state/jurisdiction. They plan, lead, and execute all of the events happening in their state. They also serve as a resource for the DeMolays in their state to help them with events, ceremonies, and any other DeMolay related activities.
The International Supreme Council is the governing body of DeMolay International. It is composed of dedicated adult leaders from around the world who are responsible for the growth and success of DeMolay. The Grand Master, the Grand Senior Councilor, the Grand Junior Councilor, the Grand Secretary, and the Grand Treasurer are the elected leaders of the International Supreme Council. In certain parts of the world, such as Brazil, for example, DeMolay International has created daughter Supreme Councils and has ceded local control of DeMolay in those regions to the local Supreme Council.
Officers of DeMolay International
|M. Boyd Patterson, Jr.||Grand Master||Boyd Patterson of Texas was installed as Grand Master of DeMolay International on June 23, 2018, at the 98th Annual Session in Alexandria, VA.|
|John W. Whitaker||Grand Senior Councilor||John Whitaker of Tennessee was installed as Grand Senior Councilor of DeMolay International on June 23, 2018, at the 98th Annual Session in Alexandria, VA.|
|Marc B. Bohn||Grand Junior Councilor||Marc Bohn of Georgia was installed as Grand Junior Councilor of DeMolay International on June 23, 2018, at the 98th Annual Session in Alexandria, VA.|
|Wesley (Wes) D. Thorton||Grand Treasurer||Wes Thornton of New Mexico was reinstalled Grand Treasurer of DeMolay on June 23, 2018, at the 98th Annual Session in Alexandria, VA. Wes Thornton was first appointed Grand Treasurer in March 2012, and elected in June of 2012.|
|Keith K. Klein, Past Grand Master||Grand Secretary||Keith Klein of Indiana was reinstalled Grand Secretary of DeMolay International on June 23, 2018, at the 98th Annual Session in Alexandria, VA. Keith Keith was first elected Grand Secretary in June 2014.|
The DeMolay Congress is the Senate-style body where two voting delegates represent each DeMolay jurisdiction. The delegates meet once a year and elect an International Master Councilor and an International Congress Secretary, who lead and serve as the heads of the body for a time span of one year. The International Master Councilor and International Congress Secretary are voting members of the Board of Directors for DeMolay International. Additionally, delegates discuss and vote on legislative issues.
International Congress Officers
|B. Tyler Moyer||53rd International Master Councilor||Pilgrim Chapter, Jurisdiction of Pennsylvania|
|Jared Scott Replogle||53rd International Congress Secretary||Glendale Chapter, Jurisdiction of Arizona|
Each chapter must be sponsored by a local masonic body or some other group composed exclusively of masons. The sponsoring body is responsible for providing the chapter with adult advisors and a place to meet. Members of the sponsoring body form the chapter's initial "advisory council". The advisory council selects one of its members to be its chairman, and he is the official liaison between the chapter and the sponsoring body. Another member of the advisory council is designated the "chapter advisor," and he is the official liaison between the advisory council and the chapter. The chapter's advisory council is responsible for supervising the chapter and its activities.
DeMolays participate in a wide range of social and sports activities that may include: camping, holding dances with members of Rainbow and Job's Daughters, playing basketball, football, baseball, soccer, tennis, paintball, or billiards, going canoeing and kayaking, and taking long distance trips. Both Chapters and individual DeMolays participate in competitions for the best performance of the various Ceremonies of the Order. Winners of local competitions, in ritual and sports, may compete for State Championships, and sometimes State winners compete at higher levels. The Chapter collectively decides what events they enjoy, plans them, and in many cases holds fund raisers to finance those events.
DeMolay International Hall of Fame
DeMolay alumni have gone on to achieve wide recognition outside of the organization. Some have been elected to the DeMolay Hall of Fame. Not all DeMolays who have received recognition have been inducted into the Hall of Fame; some can be found on other lists.
The following is a partial list of the members of the DeMolay Hall of Fame. The full list is available on the DeMolay International Web site.
|Carl B. Albert||1908–2000||Politician||Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (1971–1977)|
|Cecil D. Andrus||b. 1931||Politician||Governor of Idaho (1971–1977, 1987–1995), US Secretary of the Interior (1977–1981)|
|Reubin O'Donovan Askew||1928–2014||Politician||37th Governor of Florida (1971–1979)|
|Walter "Red" Barber||1908–1992||Sports broadcaster||Recipient of Ford C. Frick Award from National Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Mel Blanc||1908–1989||Cartoon voice actor||"Man of a Thousand Voices"|
|Frank Borman||b. 1928||Astronaut||Commander of Apollo 8, CEO of Eastern Airlines (1975–1986), recipient of Congressional Space Medal of Honor|
|Vance D. Brand||b. 1931||Astronaut||Flew on Apollo-Soyuz and three Space Shuttle missions|
|Richard Bryan||b. 1937||Politician||Governor of Nevada (1983–89), and as a United States Senator from Nevada from 1989 to 2001|
|Carroll A. Campbell, Jr.||1940–2005||Politician||Governor of South Carolina (1987–1995)|
|Curtis L. Carlson||1914–1999||Entrepreneur, philanthropist||Founded the Carlson Companies in 1938 as the Gold Bond Trading Company|
|Mel Carnahan||1934–2000||Politician||Governor of Missouri (1991–2000)|
|Bill Clinton||b. 1946||Politician||42nd President of the United States|
|Gary Collins||1938–2012||Actor||Best known for Airport (1970)|
|Walt Disney||1901–1966||Cartoonist and entrepreneur||Creator of Mickey Mouse; co-founder of The Walt Disney Company|
|Lee S. Dreyfus||1926–2008||Educator and politician||Governor of Wisconsin (1979–1983)|
|Buddy Ebsen||1908–2003||Actor, singer, dancer||Star of Barnaby Jones and The Beverly Hillbillies|
|David Goodnow||b. 1939||Broadcast journalist||Former anchor of CNN Headline News|
|Paul Harvey||1918–2009||ABC Radio broadcaster||Recipient of Presidential Medal of Freedom|
|Mark Hatfield||1922–2011||Politician||Governor of Oregon (1959–1967), US Senator (1967–1997)|
|Burl Ives||1909–1995||Folk singer and actor||Have a Holly Jolly Christmas, narrator of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer|
|Henry M. Jackson||1912–1983||Politician||US Senator (1953–1983)|
|Brereton C. Jones||b. 1939||Politician||Governor of Kentucky (1991–1995)|
|Harmon Killebrew||1936–2011||Former professional baseball player and businessman||Member of National Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Tom Leppert||b. 1954||59th mayor of Dallas, Texas|
|Elmer Lower||1913–2011||Journalist, media executive||Former President of ABC News|
|Bob Mathias||1930–2006||Olympic athlete; politician||Two-time Olympic gold medalist; US Representative from California (1967–1975)|
|Edgar D. Mitchell||1930–2016||Astronaut||Sixth man to walk on the Moon; Apollo 14 astronaut|
|Tom Osborne||b. 1937||Athlete, coach, politician||Former Head Coach at University of Nebraska; member of College Football Hall of Fame|
|Walter C. Ploeser||1907–1993||Businessman, politician||US Representative from Missouri (1941–1949); US Ambassador to Paraguay (1957–1959), US Ambassador to Costa Rica (1970–1972)|
|Richard Riley||b. 1933||Politician||United States Secretary of Education under President Bill Clinton and the 111th Governor of South Carolina|
|Pete Rose||b. 1941||Baseball player||All-time Major League Baseball leader in hits, with 4,256|
|James Nicholas Rowe||1938–1989||United States Army Colonel||Vietnam POW; author of Five Years to Freedom|
|Edward T. Schafer||b. 1946||Politician||29th United States Secretary of Agriculture; Governor of North Dakota 1992–2000|
|Harold Schafer||1912–2001||Philanthropist and businessman||Founder of Gold Seal Company|
|Lance P. Sijan||1942–1968||United States Air Force Captain||Recipient of the Medal of Honor|
|Alex Spanos||b. 1923–2018||Owner of the San Diego Chargers|
|Jim Steeg||b. 1950||American Sports Executive with the National Football League||Credited with popularizing and improving the Super Bowl.|
|John Steinbeck||1902–1968||Pulitzer Prize-winning author and Nobel laureate||Wrote The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men|
|John Cameron Swayze||1906–1995||Newscaster|
|Fran Tarkenton||b. 1940||Professional football player; businessman; entrepreneur||Member of Pro Football Hall of Fame and College Football Hall of Fame|
|John Wayne||1907–1979||Actor||Won Academy Award for Best Actor for True Grit in 1969|
|Larry Wilcox||b. 1947||Actor, Businessman|
|James C. Wright, Jr.||1922–2015||Politician||Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (1987–1989)|
- "DeMolay Flag Talk" (PDF). Georgia DeMolay Online. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- "What Is DeMolay?". DeMolay International. Archived from the original on July 1, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
- "Membership Statistics". DeMolay International. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
- "Find a Jurisdiction". DeMolay International. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Jackson, Thomas. "The DeMolay Relationship To Freemasonry". Masonic World. Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
- "History - DeMolay International Celebrates its Centennial Year". DeMolay International. 2018. Archived from the original on April 23, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
Louis thought the idea had possibilities and showed up the next week with eight other boys. That was February 19, 1919. The boys came early that Wednesday evening and each in turn was introduced to Dad Land by Louis Lower with, “I want you to meet Ralph Sewell, Elmer Dorsey, Edmund Marshall, Jerome Jacobson, William Steinhilber, Ivan Bentley, Gorman McBride, and Clyde Stream. There are nine of us.”
- DeMolay International. "ISC Elected Officers". demolay.org. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Leadership". DeMolay International. Archived from the original on November 13, 2019. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- DeMolay International Mentoring Guide
- "DeMolay Hall of Fame". Retrieved December 25, 2017.
- "Cherokee Chapter, DeMolay's list of famous DeMolays". Archived from the original on 2007-05-07.