Order of Franz Joseph

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Imperial and Royal Order of Franz Joseph
Frans Jozef Orde van Oostenrijk 3.jpg
Badge of the Order
Awarded by Imperial Standard of Austria-Hungary (1915-1918).svg The Head of the House of Habsburg
Type Order of merit (1849 - 1918)
Dynastic order (1918 - Present)
Established 2 December 1849
1849 - 1918 (National Order)
1918 - present (Dynastic Order)
Royal house House of Habsburg
Motto VIRIBUS UNITIS
("With United Forces")
Awarded for Civil and Military Merit
Status Dormant Order since 1918
Sovereign Crown Prince Karl of Austria
Grades Knight Grand Cordon with Collar
Knight/Dame Grand Cordon
Knight/Dame Grand Officer
Knight/Dame Commander
Knight/Dame Officer
Knight/Dame
Statistics
First induction 1849
Last induction 1918
Precedence
Next (higher) Imperial and Royal Order of the Iron Crown
Imperial and Royal Order of Elizabeth
Next (lower) Imperial and Royal Order of Saint George
Imperial and Royal Decoration of Elizabeth and Theresa
Ord.Franz.Joseph-CAV.png
Ribbon of the Order

The Imperial Austrian Franz Joseph Order (Kaiserlich-Österreichischer Franz-Joseph-Orden) was founded by the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on December 2, 1849, on the first anniversary of his accession to the imperial throne.

Classes[edit]

The order was originally awarded in three classes: Grand Cross, Commander's Cross, and Knight's Cross. In 1869, the class of Commander with Star was added, which ranked immediately below the Grand Cross. The Officer's Cross, which ranked between Commander and Knight, was introduced on February 1, 1901.

The order ceased to exist with the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918. It was not re-established with the foundation of the Republic of Austria.

Ribbon bars
Ord.Franz.Joseph-GC.png
Grand Cordon
Ord.Franz.Joseph-COMplacca.png
Grand Officer (1869)
Ord.Franz.Joseph-COM.png
Commander
Ord.Franz.Joseph-UFF.png
Officer (1901)
Ord.Franz.Joseph-CAV.png
Knight/Dame

Description[edit]

Knights wore the decoration suspended from a triangular ribbon on the left breast. Officers wore it on the left breast without a ribbon. Commanders wore the decoration at the neck, as did Commander with Star, who in addition also wore a breast star. The Grand Cross was worn suspended from the shoulder and also came with a breast star. The ribbon of all classes of the order was plain red.

In common with the other Austro-Hungarian awards of the period, the Franz Joseph Order was further distinguished with the addition of the War decoration and Swords which could be awarded for military merit. However, if soldiers were honoured, it was usually for distinguished service as opposed to gallantry in the face of the enemy.

Notable recipients[edit]

The five classes of the order and their respective insignia

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, Derek Bruckner. New York: Schuster & Macmillan (1997): 39
  2. ^ p. 33, Butrica (1991) Andrew J. Boca Raton, Florida "Baudot, Jean Maurice Emile" Froehlich, Kent (editors) Fritz E., Allen The Froehlich/Kent Encyclopedia of Telecommunications Vol. 2 CRC Press
  3. ^ The Jewish Chronicle (13 Dec 11 1908): 18>
  4. ^ The Jewish Chronicle (13 Dec 11 1908): 18>

External links[edit]

Media related to Imperial Order of Franz Joseph at Wikimedia Commons