Order of Isabella the Catholic

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Order of Isabella the Catholic
Orden de Isabel la Católica AEAColl.jpg
Grand Cross Sash and Star of the Order
Awarded by the Spanish Monarch
Type State Order
Motto A LA LEALTAD ACRISOLADA
(To Proven Loyalty)
and
POR ISABEL LA CATÓLICA
(For Isabella the Catholic)
Awarded for Actions in benefit to Spain and the Crown
Status Currently constituted
Grand Master King Felipe VI
Grand Chancellor Alfonso Dastis Quecedo, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Grades
  • Knight/Dame of the Collar (CYC)
  • Knight/Dame Grand Cross (gcYC)
  • Commander by Number (cnYC)
  • Commmander (comYC)
  • Officer (ofYC)
  • Knight/Dame (+YC)
  • Silver Cross (cpYC)
  • Silver Medal
  • Bronze Medal
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Queen Maria Luisa
Next (lower) Order of Civil Merit
Order of Isabella the Catholic - Sash of Collar.svg ESP Isabella Catholic Order CROSS.svg
The Ribbons of the Order
Collar granted to Czech President Václav Havel

The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spanish: Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order in which membership is granted in recognition of services that benefit the country. The Order is not open to Spaniards exclusively, and it has been used to award many foreigners.

The Order was created on 14 March 1815 by King Ferdinand VII in honor of Queen Isabella I with the name of "Royal and American Order of Isabella the Catholic"[1] with the intent of "rewarding the firm allegiance to Spain and the merits of Spanish citizens and foreigners in good standing with the Nation and especially in those exceptional services provided in pursuit of territories in America and overseas."[2] The Order was reorganized by royal decree on 26 July 1847, as the modern "Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic" with a broader focus than the Americas.

History[edit]

The Order of Isabel the Catholic was instituted by King Ferdinand VII on 14 March 1815 as the Royal American Order of Isabel the Catholic. The original statutes of the Order were approved by Royal Decree of 24 March, with membership made in three classes: Grand Cross, and Knights of First and Second Class. Ferdinand VII was declared the Order's Founder, Head, and Sovereign. On October 7, 1816, at the suggestion of the Chapter of the Order, the Knights of the first class were renamed Commanders and the second class were renamed Knights.

Under the reign of Isabel II, the four royal orders in existence in Spain at the time: the Order of the Golden Fleece, the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of the Languages ​​of Aragon and Castile, the Order of Charles III, and the Order of Isabella the Catholic was reorganised by royal decree of 26 July 1847. The latter was reserved to reward exclusively the services rendered in the Overseas territories. The classes of the order became Knight, Commander, Commander by Number, and Grand Cross. The concession and tests of nobility was suppressed in all the Royal Orders. By royal decree of October 28, 1851, no concessions of Grand Cross of any orders were to be made without the proposal of the Council of Ministers and concessions for the lower classes with the proposal of the Secretary of State.

After the establishment of the First Republic, the Order was declared to be extinguished by Decree of 29 March 1873 as deemed to be incompatible with the Republican Government. Use of the various insignias was allowed to those who possessed them. When King Alfonso XII ascended to the throne, the Order was reestablished by Decree of 7 January 1875.

During the minority of Alfonso XIII, his mother and Regent, Maria Cristina, signed the royal decrees of 15 April 1889 and 25 October 1900. Among other things, they sought to impose entry into the Order by the category of Knight, to prohibit the use of decorations until the corresponding title was obtained, and to ratify the obligation that the Grand Cross be awarded with the agreement of the Council of Ministers and for conferees to be published in the Official Gazette. By Royal Decree of March 14, 1903, the Silver Cross of the Order was created, and by Royal Decree of April 15, 1907, the Silver and Bronze Medals.

In Royal Decree 1118, of 22 June 1927, the superior grade of Knights of the Collar was created, to be awarded to prominent personalities of extraordinary merit. It also provides that women can also be decorated with either the lazo or banda

The Provisional Government of the Republic, by decree of 24 July 1931, abolished all orders under the Ministry of State, except for the Order of Isabella the Catholic. The regulations approved by decree of 10 October 10 1931 introduced a new degree: Officer (Oficial). By decree of 8 August 1935, it was established that the first degree in the Order of Isabella the Catholic was that of the Grand Cross, the Collar being reserved exclusively for very exceptional cases.

In 1938, General Franco, by decree of 15 June, restored the Order in its traditional meaning: to reward meritorious services rendered to the country by nationals and foreigners. The order's regulations were approved by Decree of 29 September 1938. According to the 1938 regulations, the order consisted of the following grades: Knight of the Collar, Knight Grand Cross, Commander by Number, Commander, Knight, and Silver Cross. Decree 1353/1971, of June 5, re-incorporated the rank of Officer, placing it between the grades of Knight and Commander. Thus, the Order consisted of the following grades: Knight of the Collar, Knight of the Grand Cross, Banda de Dama (denomination of the Grand Cross when granted to ladies), Commander by Number, Commander, Officer, Knight, Lazo de Dama (the degree of Knight when it is granted to ladies), and Cruz de Plata.

The order's current regulations date from 1998 as approved by Royal Decree 2395/1998, of 6 November. Among its provisions, the categories of Banda de Dama, Cruz de Caballero and Lazo de Dama were repealed to avoid possible interpretations of there being gender discrimination. Notwithstanding this, for aesthetic and functional reasons, the ladies who are decorated use reduced versions of the insignia of each degree of the Order.

Officials and grades[edit]

The King of Spain (currently Felipe VI) is Grand Master of the Order.[3] The Grand Chancellor of the Order is the Minister of Foreign Affairs.[4] All deeds granting decorations of the Order must bear the signatures of both.[5] Members of the order at the knight and above enjoy personal nobility and have the privilege of adding a golden heraldic mantle to their coat of arms. Knights at the rank of Grand Cross and Knight of the Collar receive the official style of "His or Her most Excellent Lord".[6] Knights at the rank of commander and commander by number receive the style of "His or Her Most Illustrious Lord".[6] Beneath these two officials of the Order, there are currently several grades:

  • First Class
  • Order of Isabella the Catholic - Sash of Collar.svg Knight of the Collar (CYC) (Caballeros del Collar) (limited to 25 people)
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order GC.svg Knight Grand Cross (gcYC) (Caballeros Gran Cruz) (limited to 500 people)
  • Second Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order COM NUM.svg Commander by Number (cnYC) (Encomienda de Número) (limited to 800 people)
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order COM.svg Commander (comYC) (Encomienda)
  • Third Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order OFF.svg Officer's Cross (ofYC) (Cruz de Oficial)
  • Fourth Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order CROSS.svg Knight's Cross (+YC) (Cruz de Caballeros)
  • Fifth Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order SILV CROSS.svg Silver Cross (cpYC) (Cruz de Plata)
  • Sixth Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order SILV MEDAL.svg Silver Medal (Medalla de Plata)
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order BZ MEDAL.svg Bronze Medal (Medalla de Bronce)[7]

The original statutes of the order of 24 March 1815 established the order in three classes. The structure of the order has varied several times since then. The following is a summary of the history of the various grades and medals of the order:

  • Knights of the Collar (Caballeros del Collar) – Established 22 June 1927.
  • Knights Grand Cross (Caballeros Gran Cruz) – Established 24 March 1815.
  • Knight First Class (Caballeros de Primera Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retitled Commander (Comdador) on 24 July 1815.
  • Officer (Oficial) – Established 10 October 1931, abolished 15 June 1938 and restored 5 June 1971.
  • Knight Second Class (Caballeros de Segunda Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retiled Knight (Caballeros) on 24 July 1815.
  • Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata) – Established 16 March 1903 to reward civil and palace officials.
  • Gold Medal with Laureate (Medal de Oro pero Laureada) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to European sergeants and enlisted men. Subsequently abolished.
  • Gold Medal (Medal de Oro) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to non-European 'natives'. Subsequently abolished.
  • Silver Medal (Medal de Plata) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.
  • Bronze Medal (Medal de Bronce) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.[8]

Women appointed to an applicable grade are not called Knights (Caballeros). Women are instead appointed as Dames of the Collar (Damas del Collar), Dames Grand Cross (Damas Gran Cruz) or Dame's Cross (Cruz de Damas).[7]

Order decoration[edit]

The decoration is a red-enameled cross, with a golden frame. The outer peaks are fitted with small gold balls. The center of the medallion contains the inscription "A La Lealtad Acrisolada" (To Proven Loyalty) and "Por Isabel la Católica" (For Isabella the Catholic) on white enamel. Above the cross is a green enameled laurel wreath with the band ring.

The ribbon is yellow with a white central stripe,[9] except the "Collar", the wearing of which can be replaced by a gold-yellow sash with white stripes on the edges.

Insignia
Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Star of the Collar Grand Cross Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Insignia, Grand Cross and Star of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Star of the Commander by Number Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Insignia of the Commander Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Collar Collar Grade Star Grand Cross Star Commander by Number Commander
Optional Dame's Bow of Commander Commander Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Officer's Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of Officer of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Knight's Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Dame-Commander Bow
(Optional)
Officer's Cross Dame-Officer's Bow
(Optional)
Knight's Cross Dame Bow
(Optional)
Silver Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of the Silver Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Silver Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of the Silver Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Bronze Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Silver Cross Dame's Silver Cross Bow
(Optional)
Silver Medal Dame's Silver Medal Bow
(Optional)
Bronze Medal
Optional Dame's Bow of the Bronze Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Dame's Bronze Medal Bow
(Optional)

Notable members[edit]

Royal houses and Nobility[edit]

Others[edit]

Arts and culture
business, industry and Economy
Politicians
Science

References and links[edit]

  1. ^ Real y Americana Orden de Isabel la Católica
  2. ^ "premiar la lealtad acrisolada a España y los méritos de ciudadanos españoles y extranjeros en bien de la Nación y muy especialmente en aquellos servicios excepcionales prestados en favor de la prosperidad de los territorios americanos y ultramarinos"
  3. ^ article 2, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  4. ^ article 3, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  5. ^ articles 2 and 3, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  6. ^ a b article 13, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  7. ^ a b "Real Decreto 2395/1998, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica". Minesterio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperacion website (in Spanish). Government of Spain. 11 June 1998. Retrieved 5 September 2005. 1998 Statutes of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  8. ^ De Ceballos-Escalera y Gila, Alfonso; Almudena de Arteaga y del Alcázar; Fernando Fernández-Miranda y Lozana (1997). "The Royal (American) Order of Isabella the Catholic". Great Orders of Chivalry, Royalty and Nobility website (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 5 September 2010.  Essay on the history of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  9. ^ Spain: Order of Isabella the Catholic
  10. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur C. (1929). Armorial Families, Vol. 2, Seventh Ed., London: Hurst & Blackett, Ltd., p. 90.
  11. ^ Imágenes
  12. ^ Awards and Honours of Basma bint Talal
  13. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 9 May 1977
  14. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 13 November 1969
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007.
  19. ^ Handover document of Isabella Order; Spanish Embassy in Berlin in February 1909
  20. ^ El Colegio Nacional: Miembros
  21. ^ Los Romero Conciertos Daniel. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  22. ^ Queering the Popular Pitch. By Whiteley, Sheila and Rycenga, Jennifer.
  23. ^ Dulce María Loynaz: Cronología
  24. ^ Biografía Alicia Alonso
  25. ^ [4]
  26. ^ "Jorge Drexler, nominado a los Grammy y premiado por la corona española". Ciudad (in Spanish). Argentina: Ciudad. September 11, 2010. Retrieved April 16, 2015. 
  27. ^ Entrevista Exclusiva con Gustavo Cisneros: El Rey del Entretenimiento
  28. ^ Liliuokalani. Hawaii's Story By Hawaii's Queen
  29. ^ Caleb Grain (2006) American Literary History 18 (4): pp. 659-94 The Courtship of Henry Wikoff
  30. ^ Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands, A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  31. ^ Jan Szczepanik - "Polish Edison"
  32. ^ La Vanguardia 24 September 1970
  33. ^ "ARGENTINA: A Medal for Eva". Time. 5 May 1947. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  34. ^ Concesión de motivo leí Día de la Victoria' Informacion Nacional. 1 April 1959. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  35. ^ La Vanguardia 5 March 1976
  36. ^ Sadam Husein y la medalla de la que nunca se habló
  37. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 10 December 1974
  38. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  39. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  40. ^ Baldomera: Las pequeñas estaturas, About the Author section.
  41. ^ Joseph Pérez biography
  42. ^ Vargas, Ángel (2015-09-26). "Muere el poeta Hugo Gutiérrez Vega". La Jornada. Retrieved 2015-10-25. 
  43. ^ "Biografía: Doris Yankelewitz Berger". Cambio Politico. 2014-05-18. Retrieved 2016-06-13. 
  44. ^ The Varsitarian Website. UST Historian named Master of Theology 1 May 2012.
  45. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 December 1985
  46. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 April 1995.
  47. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 7 May 2004
  48. ^ Recibirá Soriano Orden Isabel la Católica de España
  49. ^ Referencia del Consejo de Ministros, 25 April 2007.
  50. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Traian).
  51. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Maria).
  52. ^ Condecoraciones embajada de Espana April 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  53. ^ Nacion, 28 November 2007
  54. ^ "DOF: 13/07/2007" (in Spanish). Diaro Oficial de la Federación. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  55. ^ [5]
  56. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  57. ^ a b c d Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 August 2008.
  58. ^ a b c d Mexicanos reciben la Gran Cruz de Isabel La Católica
  59. ^ King of Spain to bestow Spanish knighthood on Lt. Governor Owen
  60. ^ Medalla para Fortuño, El Vocero de Puerto Rico Archived 18 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  61. ^ "Anne Hidalgo décorée par le roi d'Espagne" (in French). Le Parisien. Retrieved 4 August 2010. 
  62. ^ "Les insignes de commandeur de l’ordre d’Isabelle la Catholique à Chamussy". L'Orient-Le Jour. April 28, 2004. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  63. ^ "España concede el Collar de la Orden de Isabel la Católica a Dilma Rousseff". Terra. November 19, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2016. 
  64. ^ [6] - website of Inquirer.net, Spanish Official Journal (In Spanish)
  65. ^ "Fortis". Fortis. 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  66. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 5 April 1965
  67. ^ Fallece hispanista alemán Peter Bloch
  68. ^ Leong, Karen J. "Past Presidents: Iris H. Wilson Engstrand (1935- )" (PDF). Western History Association.