Order of Merit of the Police Forces
|Order of Merit of the Police Forces|
Commander's badge of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
|Awarded by the
monarch of Canada
|Eligibility||Members of Canadian police services.|
|Awarded for||Demonstration of the highest qualities of service to Canada, the police community, and humanity at large.|
|Sovereign||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Chancellor||Governor General David Johnston|
|Next (higher)||Dependent on grade|
|Next (lower)||Dependent on grade|
The Order of Merit of the Police Forces (French: Ordre du mérite des corps policiers) is an honour for merit that is, within the Canadian system of honours, the only such fellowship reserved for only members of Canada's various police forces. Created in 2000, the order is administered by the Governor General-in-Council, on behalf of the Canadian monarch. Appointment to the order recognizes conspicuous merit and exceptional service, the level of which is reflected by the organization's three hierarchical grades.
The Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police in 1996 approached the Chancellery of Honours at Rideau Hall to propose an order of merit for Canada's police forces, possibly modelled on the Order of Military Merit. This prompted the Solicitor General of Canada at the time, Herb Gray, to contact his provincial counterparts, inquiring of their reactions to the idea. As consent from the provincial governments was unanimous in its approval, the society was set up and officially implemented when, on 3 October 2000, Queen Elizabeth II applied the royal sign-manual to her letters patent constituting the Order of Merit of the Police Forces. The first induction ceremony for the order then took place on 17 May 2002.
Grades and precedence
The Canadian monarch, seen as the fount of honour, is at the apex of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces as its Sovereign,[n 1] followed by the governor general, who serves as the fellowship's Chancellor, and the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, who is the Principal Commander. Thereafter follow three grades—each having accordant post-nominal letters that are the same in both English and French. Promotions in grade are possible, though there are limits to the populations of the grades. Any person thus honoured must return their lower grade insignia, as no member may at any time hold more than one appointment in the organization. Further, within the order of preference for Canadian honours, each grade of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces precedes a similar grade of the Royal Victorian Order and succeeds a similar grade of the Order of Military Merit.
|Grades of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces:|
|COM||Conspicuous meritorious service and leadership in areas of great responsibility, typically in the national sphere or international level.||Commander of the Order of Military Merit (CMM)||Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)|
|OOM||Conspicuous meritorious service in areas of responsibility, typically at the regional level or provincial sphere.||Officer of the Order of Military Merit (OMM)||Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order (LVO)|
|MOM||Exceptional service or performance of duty.||Member of the Order of Military Merit (MMM)||Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO)|
Upon admission into the Order of Merit of the Police Forces, members are gifted various insignia of the organization, though these remain property of the Crown. The badges are similar in design to those of the Order of Military Merit, consisting of a dark blue enamelled cross pattée with four equal arms, at the centre of which is a disc bearing a maple leaf on a white enamel background, surrounded at its edge by a red enamel ring (annulus) bearing the words MERIT • MÉRITE • CANADA. Slight differences in appearance represent each grade: for Commanders, the emblem is gilt with a red enamel maple leaf in the gold central disk; for Officers, it is gilt with a gold maple leaf; and for Members, both the badge itself and the maple leaf are silver. The reverse bears only a serial number, and all are topped by a St. Edward's Crown, symbolizing that the order is headed by the sovereign. These insignia are worn with the order's ribbon, which is three bands of equal width, the outer two in blue and the centre one in golden. Male Commanders will carry their badge either at the neck or on a medal bar on the left chest, while Officers and Members display theirs only on a medal bar, suspended by, respectively, a bar of gold or silver decorated with a laurel motif. Women wear their emblems on a ribbon bow pinned at the left chest. The ribbon bar, worn for undress, is the same for each grade, save for a miniature blue cross pattée with a maple leaf, the colour of which matches that on the badge of the grade that the wearer was appointed to; someone who has been promoted within the order may wear on their ribbon bar the pins of all grades that they have occupied. These same miniatures also serves as a lapel pin for civilian wear.
Eligibility and appointment
To qualify for induction into the Order of Merit of the Police Forces, individuals must be, at the time of appointment, an active member of any of Canada's police services, including criminal investigators, patrol officers, administrators, trainers, and researchers. Either civilians or the advisory committee of the local branch of the Association of Chiefs of Police will forward names to the national advisory committee, which then makes its recommendation to the Advisory Committee for the Order of Merit of the Police Forces. This latter group consists of the President of the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, who acts as chairperson, one of the Deputy Commissioners of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the President of the Canadian Police Association, one head of a provincial police force, three chiefs of municipal or regional police forces, the Deputy Secretary of the Chancellery of Honours, and two additional persons appointed by the governor general for between three and five years; the Secretary to the Governor General serves as the Secretary General of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces.
Approximately 50 individuals are admitted to the order each year; the total is limited to 0.1% of the total number of employees of police services in Canada in the preceding year. No more than six percent of those appointed to the order in total may be inducted as Commanders and no more than 30% may be made Officers. Inductions are also not made posthumously, though members of foreign armed forces can be admitted as honorary members in any grade.
The constitution of the order allows for the removal of members. Only one termination has yet taken place: Royal Canadian Mounted Police sergeant Warren S. Gherasim, appointed to the order in 2006, was removed from the rolls in 2010 for receiving a disgraceful conduct sanction.
- Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Honours > National Orders > Order of Merit of the Police Forces". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
- Department of National Defence (26 March 2009). "18". Queen's Regulations and Orders for the Canadian Forces (PDF). 1. Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada. p. 1. 18.01. Retrieved 24 July 2009.
- Clarkson, Adrienne (17 May 2002). "Her Excellency the Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson Speech on the Occasion of the Presentation of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces". In Office of the Governor General of Canada. Media > Speeches. Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police. "Honours and Recognition Programs > Canadian National Honours". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- Elizabeth II (28 March 2011). "Proclamation Summoning Parliament to Meet on May 30, 2011". Canada Gazette. Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada. 145 (1). Retrieved 14 September 2011.
- Elizabeth II (24 August 2000). "Order of Merit of the Police Forces" (PDF). In Public Works and Government Services Canada. Order of Merit of the Police Forces. Canada Gazette. 135. Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada (published 7 April 2001). p. 1195. P.C. 2000-1390. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
- Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Honours > Order of Precedence". Retrieved 21 December 2008.
- Elizabeth II 2000, p. 1197
- Robertson, Megan C. "C > Canada > Orders, Decorations and Medals of Canada > Order of Merit of the Police Forces". Retrieved 6 August 2009.
- Elizabeth II 2000, p. 1195
- Elizabeth II 2000, p. 1194
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police. "Honours and Recognition Programs > Canadian National Honours > The Order of Merit of the Police Forces". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
- Elizabeth II 2000, p. 1196
- "Merit award taken from RCMP sergeant". CBC. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- Canada News Centre (26 July 2010). "Termination of Appointment to the Order of Merit of the Police Forces". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 14 September 2011.
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