Hungarian Order of Merit

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Hungarian Order of Merit
Order of merit of hungary chain.jpg
Chain of the Hungarian Order of Merit
Awarded by President of Hungary
TypeState decoration
Established1991; 31 years ago (1991)
StatusCurrently constituted
Classes
  • Grand Cross with Chain
  • Grand Cross
  • Commander's Cross with Star
  • Commander's Cross
  • Officer's Cross
  • Knight's Cross
Statistics
First induction1991
Last induction2021
Precedence
Next (higher)Hungarian Order of Honour
Next (lower)Hungarian Cross of Merit
Unkarin Ansioritarikunnan suurristin rintatähti.png
Hungarian Order of Merit Grand Cross Star, military division

The Hungarian Order of Merit (Hungarian: Magyar Érdemrend) is the fourth highest State Order of Hungary. Founded in 1991, the order is a revival of an original order founded in 1946 and abolished in 1949. Its origins can be traced to the Order of Merit of the Kingdom of Hungary which existed from 1922 until 1946.

In 2011 its official name changed from Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary to Hungarian Order of Merit in accordance with the new Hungarian Constitution.

Since 2011, the Hungarian Order of Saint Stephen is the highest State honour of Hungary.

Classes[edit]

The civil division is divided into six classes of merit, whilst the military division is divided into five. The highest class, the Grand Cross with Chain, is exclusive to the civilian division and is only awarded to heads of state and the President of Hungary ex-officio.[1]

Ribbon bars of the Hungarian Order of Merit
Class Civil Military
Grand Cross with Chain
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civ) 1class Collar BAR.svg
Non-existent
Grand Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 1class BAR.svg
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (military) 1class BAR.svg
Commander's Cross with Star
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 2class BAR.svg
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (military) 2class BAR.svg
Commander's Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 3class BAR.svg
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (military) 3class BAR.svg
Officer's Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 4class BAR.svg
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (military) 4class BAR.svg
Knight's Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 5class BAR.svg
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (military) 5class BAR.svg

Guide on how to wear different classes of the order[edit]

Hungarian Order of Merit White tie dress.jpg
Ribbon bars
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 5class BAR.svg
Knight's Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 4class BAR.svg
Officer's Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 3class BAR.svg
Commander's Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 2class BAR.svg
Commander's Cross with Star
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civil) 1class BAR.svg
Grand Cross
HUN Order of Merit of the Hungarian Rep (civ) 1class Collar BAR.svg
Grand Cross with Chain

Insignia[edit]

  • The medal of the Order is made on the features of the ancient Royal Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary: it consists of a white-enamelled cross edged with green, showing a central circular medallion enamelled in red showing the coat of arms of Hungary, surrounded by a wreath of green enamel.
  • The star takes up the shape of the medal but is mounted on a golden radiant star.
  • The ribbon is green with a red stripe and a white stripe for the civil class, while it is red with a green stripe and a white stripe for the military class.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kitüntetések". www.keh.hu. Retrieved 2022-01-29.

Sources[edit]