Order of National Hero (Jamaica)
|Order of National Hero|
|Awarded for||Services of the most distinguished nature|
|Post-nominals||National Hero of Jamaica|
|Motto||"Out of many, one people"|
|Total awarded posthumously||6|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Nation|
The highest of the five Jamaican Orders of the Societies of Honour, the Order of National Hero is given only to Jamaican citizens for "services of the most distinguished nature" to the nation. It can be awarded either posthumously or on the occasion of the recipient's retirement from active public life.
Recipients are permitted to wear the insignia of the Order, and they are given the style of "The Right Excellent". They are also traditionally honored with a tomb or monument in National Heroes Park, as well as a plaque or shield displayed in some prominent national place, such as the Institute of Jamaica. The title of "National Hero of Jamaica" or the post-nominal letters ONH can be used following a recipient's name.
The Order of National Hero was created by the National Honours and Awards Act, which was passed by Parliament in 1969. This act also designated Paul Bogle, George William Gordon, and Marcus Garvey as the first three recipients of the honour.
The insignia of the Order of National Hero is a fourteen-pointed gold and white star, centered on a black enameled medallion. The medallion features the Jamaican coat of arms in gold relief, and it is encircled by the motto of the Order, which is "He built a city which hath foundations". The insignia is typically worn on a neck ribbon in the national colors of Jamaica (black, gold and green), along with a laurel wreath of gold and green enamel.
As of 2015, the Order of National Hero has been conferred upon 7 recipients:
- Sir Alexander Bustamante
- Marcus Garvey
- George William Gordon
- Norman Manley
- Nanny of the Maroons
- Samuel Sharpe
- Paul Bogle
- Order of National Hero, Jamaica Information Service.
- Order of National Hero, Office of the Prime Minister.
- "National Honours and Awards" Archived 2006-05-10 at the Wayback Machine, Jamaica's Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Foreign Trade, accessed April 13, 2006.
- "National Awards of Jamaica", Jamaica Information Service, accessed May 12, 2015.
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