Order of New Brunswick
|Order of New Brunswick|
Ordre du Nouveau Brunswick
|Awarded by the|
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
|Eligibility||Any Canadian citizen presently or formerly resident in New Brunswick, save for politicians and judges while still in office.|
|Awarded for||Excellence, achievement, and outstanding contribution to the social, cultural, or economic well-being of New Brunswick and its residents.|
|Next (higher)||Order of Manitoba|
|Next (lower)||Order of Nova Scotia|
Ribbon of the Order of New Brunswick
The Order of New Brunswick (French: Ordre du Nouveau Brunswick) is a civilian honour for merit in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Instituted in 2000 by Lieutenant Governor Marilyn Trenholme Counsell, on the advice of the Cabinet under Premier Bernard Lord, the order is administered by the Governor-in-Council and is intended to honour current or former New Brunswick residents for conspicuous achievements in any field, being thus described as the highest honour amongst all others conferred by the New Brunswick Crown.
Structure and appointment
The Order of New Brunswick is intended to honour any current or former longtime resident of New Brunswick who has demonstrated a high level of individual excellence and achievement in any field, having made "outstanding contributions to the social, cultural or economic well-being of New Brunswick and its residents." There are no limits on how many can belong to the order, though inductions are limited to 10 per year; Canadian citizenship is a requirement, and those who are elected or appointed members of a governmental body are ineligible as long as they hold office.
The process of finding qualified individuals begins with submissions from the public to the Order of New Brunswick Advisory Council, which consists of the Chief Justice of New Brunswick; the Clerk of the Executive Council; the president of a Crown-funded university in the province, each serving on a rotating basis; and between three and five Members of the Order of New Brunswick, one of whom serves as the chairperson of the council. This committee then meets at least once annually to make its selected recommendations to the lieutenant governor; posthumous nominations are not accepted, though an individual who dies after his or her name was submitted to the Advisory Council can still be retroactively made a Member of the Order of New Brunswick. The lieutenant governor, ex officio a Member and the Chancellor of the Order of New Brunswick, then makes all appointments into the fellowship's single grade of membership by an Order in Council that bears the viceroyal sign-manual and the Great Seal of the province; thereafter, the new Members are entitled to use the post-nominal letters ONB.
Upon admission into the Order of New Brunswick, usually in a ceremony held at Government House in Fredericton, new Members are presented with the order's insignia. The main badge consists of a gold medallion in the form of a stylized viola cucullata (or purple violet)—the official provincial flower—with the obverse in violet enamel with gold edging, and bearing at its centre the escutcheon of the arms of New Brunswick, all surmounted by a St. Edward's Crown symbolizing the Canadian monarch's role as the fount of honour. The ribbon is patterned with vertical stripes in blue, red, and gold; men wear the medallion suspended from this ribbon at the collar, while women carry theirs on a ribbon bow at the left chest. Members also receive a lapel pin that can be worn during less formal occasions.
The following are some notable appointees of the Order of New Brunswick:
- Max Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook PC, businessman, politician in United Kingdom, benefactor, posthumously appointed 2011
- Molly Lamb Bobak CM ONB, printmaker and painter, appointed 2002
- Herménégilde Chiasson ONB, Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick, appointed 2005
- Fred Cogswell CM ONB, poet, posthumously appointed 2004
- Marilyn Trenholme Counsell ONB, Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick, appointed 2000
- Calixte Duguay CM ONB, singer/songwriter, appointed 2012
- Gordon Fairweather OC ONB QC, lawyer and politician, appointed 2005
- Raymond Fraser ONB, author, appointed 2012
- Richard Bennett Hatfield PC ONB, Premier of New Brunswick, posthumously appointed 2002
- Arthur Irving OC ONB, industrialist, appointed 2012
- James K. Irving OC ONB, businessman and conservationist, appointed 2008
- Kenneth Colin Irving OC ONB, businessman and industrialist, posthumously appointed 2003
- Roméo-Adrien LeBlanc PC CC CMM ONB CD, Governor General of Canada, appointed 2005
- Viola Léger OC ONB, actress and Senator, appointed 2007
- Bernard Lord ONB, Premier of New Brunswick, appointed 2007
- Antonine Maillet PC CC OQ ONB FRSC, novelist and playwright, appointed 2005
- G. Wallace F. McCain CC ONB, businessman, appointed 2003
- Harrison McCain CC ONB, businessman, appointed 2002
- Francis Joseph McKenna PC OC ONB QC, Premier of New Brunswick and Ambassador to the United States, appointed 2004
- Willie O'Ree OC ONB, professional hockey player, appointed 2005
- Robert Pichette ONB FRHSC AIH, heraldist and vexologist, appointed 2006
- David Adams Richards ONB, novelist, essayist, and screenwriter, appointed 2005
- Brenda Mary Robertson CM ONB, politician and Senator, appointed 2004
- Louis Joseph Robichaud PC CC ONB QC, Premier of New Brunswick, appointed 2002
- Ron Turcotte CM ONB, jockey, appointed 2012
- Gerald (Gerry) Pond ONB, businessman, appointed 2013
- Marsh, James H. (ed.). "Culture > Awards > Order of New Brunswick". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Toronto: Historica Foundation of Canada. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
- Department of Intergovernmental Affairs. "Order of New Brunswick > Frequently Asked Questions". Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. Archived from the original on 23 November 2008. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police. "Honours and Recognition Programs > Canadian National Honours". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 23 March 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- Department of Intergovernmental Affairs. "Order of New Brunswick > Complete List of Recipients". Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. Retrieved 26 October 2011.