Order of Prince Danilo I

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Order of Prince Danilo I of Montenegro
Орден Књаза Данила I
Coat of Arms of Grand Master Prince Nikola II.png
The Order of Prince Danilo I of Montenegro.
TypeState Order (formerly)
House Order (currently)
CountryKingdom of Montenegro
Royal houseHouse of Petrović-Njegoš
Awarded forChampioning and preserving Montenegrin independence and social and scientific merit
Grand MasterNicholas Petrović Njegoš II
Vice-Grand MasterBoris, Hereditary Prince of Montenegro
Official Representative Of the Order of Danilo 1 and Royal House of MontenegroCount Giuseppe Tedeschi
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of Petrović Njegoš
Next (lower)Order of Saint Peter of Cetinje
ME Order of Danilo I Member BAR.svg
Ribbon of the order

The Order of Prince Danilo I of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Орден Књаза Данила I, Orden Knjaza Danila I) was an order of the Principality, and later Kingdom, of Montenegro. It is currently granted as a dynastic honor by the undisputed head of the House of Petrović-Njegoš, Nicholas Petrović Njegoš II. Although no longer a state order, recognition is indicated by the acceptance of the former President of Montenegro, Filip Vujanović.[1] More formal recognition by the Republic of Montenegro is implicit in the 2011 "Law on the Status of the Descendants of the Petrović Njegoš Dynasty", which recognizes the current crown prince as head of the Royal Family and specifically sanctions the use of the royal family's heraldic symbols. The act also provides the Crown Prince housing and a pension and has been noted as conferring a sort of "quasi restoration" of the throne.[2][3] In a May 15th Pobjeda newspaper interview, Prince Nikola cited Article 3 of this law as the basis for his May 5th re-institution of the Order, which he emphasized was "historically an extremely valuable Montenegrin decoration."[4] He went on to explain that the order can be awarded to Montenegrin nationals and worthy foreigners on two general grounds: (1), for support and affirmation of Montenegrin independence and the royal tradition of the Petrovic Njegos dynasty, and (2) to those whose "scientific or social work contributed to the development of culture, art and science."[5] The Order has since been bestowed on a number of high dignitaries internationally. In an April 17, 2016 visit to Rome, HRH Prince Nikola II Petrovic Njegoš met with Pope Francis and other high Vatican officials bestowing the dynastic honor on the Cambodian ambassador and Ambassador of the Royal House of Cambodia, His Highness Prince Sisowath Ravivaddhana Monipong, the Montenegrin ambassador to the Holy See Veselin Šuković, including all the superiors of the secretariat of state the cardinal of the Basilica of St. Peter Angelo comastri il President of the Italian and International Red Cross as well as the U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See Kenneth Francis Hackett, and the ambassador of Hungary HIRH Eduard von Habsburg-Lothringen, Russian/Italian Opera Diva Maria Ratkova among several other Vatican officials and Italian nobles.[6] The official Representative of the Royal House and the order is H.E. Count Giuseppe Tedeschi GCDO, who also has the Vatican "Addetto di Anticamera di Sua Santità," or Officer of Antechamber of His Holiness (Pope John Paul II through Pope Francis).

The Order was the first Montenegrin dynastic and state Order established by Prince Danilo Petrović Njegoš in 1853,[7] as the Order of Danilo I for the Independence of Montenegro in 1852-53. This decoration is still awarded to prominent champions of the preservation of Montenegrin independence and, as indicated above, for other humanitarian, scientific, artistic and pro-social achievements pursuant to the conditions by which the Order is awarded were defined by statute.

Alterations were made to the appearance of the original decoration created by Prince Danilo, and during the rule of His Majesty King Nikola I Petrović Njegoš the Order underwent two restructures. During the first restructure in 1861, three classes were introduced, while in the second restructure, from 1873, an additional class was added, so that not only is there a star in the 1st class but also a 2nd class with star was introduced. By 1922, the order consisted of five classes: Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, and knight or Chevalier.[8] More changes occurred and today's five classes are:

Grand Cross, (Sash and Large Chest Star)-- (1st Class)

Grand Officer, (Neck Cross, Sash, Chest Star)-- (2nd Class)

Knight Commander, Neck Cross, Chest Star-- (3rd Class)

Knight , Chest Cross-- (4th Class)

Member , Chest Cross (Black and Silver)-- (5th Class)[9]

On Saturday June 4, 2005, Cetinje, the old Royal Capital of Montenegro, hosted the first gala ceremony of the Order in the country in 90 years.[10]

Classes and post-nominals[edit]

  • Grand Cross (1st Class) [GCDO]
  • Grand Officer (2nd Class) [GODO]
  • Knight Commander (3rd Class) [KCDO]
  • Knight (4th Class) [KDO]
  • Member (5th Class) [MDO]
Ribbon bars[11]
ME Order of Danilo I Knight Grand Cross BAR.svg
Knight Grand Cross (1st Class)
ME Order of Danilo I Knight Commander BAR.svg
Knight Commander (2nd Class)
ME Order of Danilo I Knight BAR.svg
Knight (3rd Class)
ME Order of Danilo I Lieutenant BAR.svg
Lieutenant (4th Class)
ME Order of Danilo I Member BAR.svg
Member (5th Class)

Officers of the Order[edit]

Grand Cross of the Order's Sash and Star
Count Giuseppe Tedeschi in the Vatican

Notable recipients[edit]

Many men and women have been awarded the Order of Prince Danilo I over time including foreigners. The list includes:

Pre-abeyance[edit]

Post-abeyance[edit]

In the F. Scott Fitzgerald novel The Great Gatsby, the main character, Jay Gatsby, was also awarded the Order of Prince Danilo I "For Valor Extraordinary".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "President">Predsjednik Republike Crne Gore
  2. ^ http://madmonarchist.blogspot.com/2014/10/montenegro-what-royalist-progress-looks.html
  3. ^ a b c Predsjednik Republike Crne Gore
  4. ^ Pobjeda, (Wednesday, 27 May, 2015). Prince Nikola: I want my descendants to feel at home in Montenegro retrieved at: http://www.cdm.me/english/prince-nikola-i-want-my-descendants-to-feel-at-home-in-montenegro
  5. ^ Pobjeda, (Wednesday, 27 May, 2015). Prince Nikola: I want my descendants to feel at home in Montenegro retrieved at: http://www.cdm.me/english/prince-nikola-i-want-my-descendants-to-feel-at-home-in-montenegro
  6. ^ Sisowath Ravivaddhana Monipong, retrieved at: https://ravisisowath.wordpress.com/2016/05/10/private-visit-of-hrh-prince-nikola-ii-petrovic-njegos-of-montenegro-to-rome/
  7. ^ ODM of Montenegro: Order of Danilo I
  8. ^ Report of the Secretary of War to the President (1922). War Department, Annual Reports, Fiscal ended June 30, 1922. Washington D.C., Government Printing Office. Retrieved from: https://books.google.com/books?id=WlsMAQAAIAAJ&lpg=PA218&ots=UYHOIiK_Fr&dq=Knight%20Grand%20Officer%20of%20the%20Order%20of%20Prince%20Danilo%20I&pg=PA218#v=onepage&q=Knight%20Grand%20Officer%20of%20the%20Order%20of%20Prince%20Danilo%20I&f=false | |
  9. ^ http://www.ribbonsshop.com/
  10. ^ Njegoskij|org :: June 4, 2005, Cetinje hosts the first gala ceremony of the Order of Danilo I since 90 years
  11. ^ Antonio Prieto Barrion, Montenegro Royal House
  12. ^ S.A.R. Boris Petrovitch Njegosh, Prince Héréditaire de Monténégro, nouveau Grand Chancelier des Ordres Dynastiques de la Maison Royale
  13. ^ "Vivian, Herbert". Who Was Who. 2018.
  14. ^ Njegoskij|org :: Grand Master Nicolas Petrovitch Njegosh decorates T.R.H. Princesses France and Altinaï with the Order of Danilo I Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ Orderofdanilo.org :: "Rome - 31 January 2006" Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Njegoskij|org :: "H.R.H. Prince Nicolas decorates H.M.E.H. Fra’ Andrew Bertie with the Order of Danilo I and the Order of Saint Petar of Cetinje" Archived 2009-01-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Orderofdanilo.org :: "Monte Carlo - 7 December 2005" Archived 7 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Njegoskij|org :: Grand Master Nicolas Petrovitch Njegosh decorates Prince Dmitri Romanovich and his wife Dorrit Reventlow with the Order of Danilo I Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Njegoskij|org :: Grand Master Nicolas Petrovitch Njegosh decorates H.R.H. Dom Duarte III Pio of Portugal, Duke of Bragança, with the Order of Danilo I Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ Orderofdanilo.org :: "Investiture - 3 December 2005" Archived 12 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Orderofdanilo.org :: "Rome - 1 February 2006" Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ Njegoskij|org :: Exchange of protocols between the Royal Houses of Montenegro and Bourbon-Two Sicilies Archived 2011-01-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ Orderofdanilo.org :: "Investiture - 4 June 2005" Archived 12 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ Njegoskij|org :: H.R.H. Prince Nicolas decorates President Filip Vujanovic with the Order of Danilo I Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ Orderofdanilo.org :: "Investiture - 31 March 2007" Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Njegoskij|org :: H.R.H. Prince Nicolas decorates Ambassador Kaluderovic with the Order of Danilo I Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ a b c "Rome - 3 April 2008". Orderofdanilo.org. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011.
  28. ^ "H.R.H. Prince Nicolas decorates Ambassador Sbutega with the Order of Danilo I". Njegoskij.org. Archived from the original on 2008-12-05.
  29. ^ Njegoskij|org :: "H.R.H. Prince Nicolas honours the Italian Red Cross with the Order of Danilo I" Archived 2009-01-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ Orderofdanilo.org :: "Sicily - 22 June 2007" Archived 22 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ Njegoskij|org :: H.R.H. Prince Nicolas honours the Gonfanon of the Sicilian Region with the Order of Danilo I Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Njegoskij|org :: H.R.H. Prince Nicolas honours the Gonfanon of Palermo with the Order of Danilo I Archived 2008-12-05 at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ Njegoskij|org :: H.R.H. Prince Nicolas honours the Gonfanons of the Regional Province of Messina and of its capital with the Order of Danilo I

External links[edit]