Order of Saint Vladimir

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Imperial Order of Saint Prince Vladimir
Ster van de Orde van Sint-Vladimir antiek.jpg
Star of the Order
Awarded by the Emperor of All Russia
TypeDynastic Order
Established22 September 1782 (1782-09-22)
CountryRussian Empire
Royal houseHouse of Romanov
Religious affiliationRussian Orthodox Church
RibbonOrder of Saint Vladimir, ribbon bar.svg
Motto"Benefit, Honour and Glory"
StatusNo longer awarded
Grades1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th class
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of Saint George
Next (lower)Order of Saint Anna

The Order of Saint Vladimir (Russian: орден Святого Владимира) was an Imperial Russian order established in 1782 by Empress Catherine II in memory of the deeds of Saint Vladimir, the Grand Prince and the Baptizer of the Kievan Rus'.

Grades[edit]

The order had four degrees and was awarded for continuous civil and military service. People who had been awarded with the St. Vladimir Order for military merits bore it with a special fold on the ribbon – "with a bow". There was a certain hierarchy of Russian Orders. According to this, the First Class Order of Saint Vladimir was the second one—the first was the Saint George Order—by its significance.

According to Russian laws on nobility, people who were awarded the Order of Saint Vladimir had the rights of hereditary nobility until the Emperor's decree of 1900 was issued. After this, only three first classes of the order gave such a right.

Today, Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna, pretender to the Russian throne, and Head of the Russian Imperial House continues to award the Russian Imperial Order of Saint Vladimir as a dynastic order of knighthood.[1] This is disputed by some historians and by some members of the Romanov Family Association. [2]

Styles[edit]

Grade styles
First class
A red cross with black and golden borders; the badge of the order depended from a sash worn over the right shoulder, and a gold-and-silver eight-rayed star was fastened over the left chest
Second class
The red cross on the neck and the star over the left chest
Third class
The red cross of a smaller size on the neck
Fourth class
The red cross over the left chest

Insignia[edit]

Fourth-class order

A red enamelled cross pattée with black enamelled borders, and a black enamelled central disc bearing a crowned red and ermine mantle with the monogram of Saint Vladimir. Worn on a sash by the first degree, on a necklet by the second and third degrees, and on a chest ribbon by the fourth degree.

A four-pointed star superimposed upon a four-pointed gold star, with a golden cross pattée and the letters "CPKB" between the arms of the cross on a black enamel background at the centre surrounded by the motto of the order "Benefit, Honour and Glory".

Worn on the left chest by the first and second degrees. This motto was transferred to present-day star of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, which was established in 1992 by President Boris Yeltsin and is today the second highest ranking decoration of that country.

Order of Saint Vladimir of the Russian Orthodox Church[edit]

In 1957, in commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the Patriarch of Moscow's restoration in Russia, an Order of Saint Vladimir was created by the Russian Orthodox Church. The order is to be awarded to priests and nuns of the Orthodox church for their service to the Soviet Union and later Russia.

There are three degrees of the order.[3] It has no relation to the imperial order.[4]

Select recipients[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Императорский Орден Святого Равноапостольного Великого Князя Владимира". Russian Imperial House. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
  2. ^ Sainty, G. S. (2006). World orders of knighthood and merit. Wilmington: Burke's Peerage. ISBN 9780971196674.
  3. ^ "Орден святого равноапостольного великого князя Владимира" (in Russian). Eparchy of Kazan. Retrieved 29 November 2012.
  4. ^ "Russian Heraldry as It is /". The.heraldry.ru. 14 November 2006. Retrieved 29 November 2012.