Order of St. Alexander Nevsky
|Imperial Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky|
Badge of the Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky, c. 1820
|Awarded by the Russian Empire|
|Awarded for||military and civil merit|
|Description||Gold cross, covered with red enamel, with two-headed eagles between the ends of the cross. Eight-pointed silver star.|
|Motto||"For Labor and the Fatherland"|
|Established||1 June [O.S. 21 May] 1725|
Ribbon of the Order
The introduction of the Imperial Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky was envisioned by Emperor Peter I of Russia for rewarding military bravery in battle. However, he died before he could create the order. It was established by Empress Catherine I of Russia, in memory of the deeds of Saint Alexander Nevsky, patron Saint of the Russian capital of Saint Petersburg, for defending Russia against foreign invaders. The order was originally awarded to distinguished Russian citizens who had served their country with honor, mostly through political or military service.
It was first awarded on the occasion of the wedding of Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia and Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp in 1725. A dozen guests received the reward, and the order quickly fell far behind the Order of Saint Andrew and the Order of Saint Catherine in prestige.
The Empress Catherine complained about the situation and by September 1725, she took it upon herself to determine who would receive the award. The Order of Saint Alexander was granted the highest esteem and was not usually bestowed upon people below the rank of Lieutenant-General or an equal political status. Additionally it was , including Polish King Augustus II the Strong and King Frederick IV of Denmark–Norway
The Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky was abolished after the 1917 Russian Revolution, along with all other orders and titles of the Russian Empire.
Despite the fall of the monarchy, the Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky continues to be bestowed by claimants to the head of the House of Romanov. Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia, one of several who claim the throne, "bestowed" the order on Metropolitan Kirill of Smolensk (later Patriarch Kirill I of Moscow) on 27 January 2006.
In 2010, researchers in Saint Petersburg and Moscow published a book of all the names of the recipients of the original order. The combined number of honorees spanning the years 1725 to 1917 totaled 3,674.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of St. Alexander Nevsky.|
- Орден Святого Александра [Order of Saint Alexander] (in Russian). Retrieved 5 February 2015.
- "Order of St. Alexander Nevsky". Kaiserzeit. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- "H.I.H. Grand Duchess Maria of Russia". Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- "Биография Святейшего Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла". Official Website of the Moscow Patriarchate. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Полный список кавалеров ордена святого Александра Невского издан в виде словаря [The Complete List of Recipients of the Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky Compiled in a Dictionary] (in Russian). Retrieved 5 February 2015.