Order of St. Sava

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Order of St. Sava
Ster van de Orde van Sint-Sava 1883 - 1903.jpg
Star of the Serbian Order of St. Sava
TypeState Order (1883-1945)
Church Order (since 1985)
Awarded forMeritorious achievements in the arts, science, education and religion
Presented byKingdom of Serbia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Serbian Orthodox Church
EligibilityCivilians, military members (since 1914).
RibbonWhite with Light Blue stripes on either side
Established23 January 1883
Totalunknown
Order of Saint Sava - Ribbon bar.svg
The Ribbon of the Order
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Cross of Takovo
(Kingdom of Serbia, 1883-1903)
Order of the White Eagle
(1903–1930)
Order of the Yugoslav Crown
(Kingdom of Yugoslavia, 1930-1945)

The Order of St. Sava is an Order of merit, first awarded by the Kingdom of Serbia in 1883 and later by the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia until the abolition of the monarchy in 1945.

An Order of the same name was re-founded in 1985 and has been awarded by the Serbian Orthodox Church from time to time since then.

History of the state order[edit]

The Order of Saint Sava was established by Milan I of Serbia, who had converted the Principality of Serbia into a kingdom in March 1882. It was first awarded in January 1883, to recognize civilians for meritorious achievements benefitting the Church, the arts and sciences, the royal house, and the state. In 1914, a change to the Order was made which permitted soldiers of the Serbian Army to receive the honor for military merit. The Order of St Sava was thereafter awarded by the kings of Serbia and its successor Yugoslavia until the abolition of the monarchy in 1945.

Five grades were awarded: Knight Grand Cross, Knight, Grand Officer, Commander, and Officer. The first grade was a jewel, worn with a sash over the shoulder and also with a breast star. The second and third-grade laureates wore the Order on a neckband. The fourth grade was a medal with a triangular suspension, a rosette attached to the ribbon above the medal. The fifth grade had a triangular suspension without a rosette. The medals of the fourth and fifth grades were worn on the breast. All white ribbons had two light blue stripes.[1][2]

History of the church order[edit]

Since 1985, the Order has been awarded on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of St. Sava. This order is dedicated to ecclesiastic and secular persons, who have special merits for the Serbian Orthodox Church. According to the ordinance of the church, each person who received a medal of third grade may receive the medal of the higher grade as well as the first grade for future merits, provided that three years have passed at least since the previous award. The order is determined in three grades: the first one is white, the second red and the third blue colored.[3]

Laureates of the state[edit]

Order of Saint Sava grand cross badge, 1890, Tallinn Museum of Orders

Laureates of the church[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Orders and Medals Society of America, Medal collector No. 20/1969, About the Order
  2. ^ Official website of the Serbian Royal Family, About the Order Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Centre for Research of Orthodox Monarchism, About the Church Order
  4. ^ Burnand, Robert (1924). Qui êtes-vous? (in French). Paris: G. Ruffy. p. 19.
  5. ^ Acović 2013, p. 592
  6. ^ Acović 2013, p. 596
  7. ^ Acović 2013, p. 595
  8. ^ University of Edinburgh, Untold stories of people during First World War
  9. ^ a b c d e f for SRBIN info, Milica (2019-10-08). "Tesla, Palma, Djokovic, Kusturica, Karić: All Decorated With The Order Of Sv. Sava". СРБИН.ИНФО (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-01-06.
  10. ^ Helen Keller Artifact Collection Archived 2017-08-06 at the Wayback Machine, American Foundation for the Blind
  11. ^ Acović 2013, p. 628
  12. ^ Mandić 2020, p. 27.
  13. ^ Acović 2013, p. 344
  14. ^ Barun 2018.
  15. ^ London Gazette
  16. ^ Radulovic, Nemanja. "Rerihov pokret u Kraljevini Jugoslaviji". Godišnjak Katedre za srpsku književnost sa južnoslovenskim književnostima, XI, 2016.
  17. ^ "Vreme - Kultura i politika: Selidba trajne pozajmice". www.vreme.com.
  18. ^ Acović 2013, p. 369
  19. ^ Tesla Society Switzerland, Man Who Illuminated The Planet, p. 7
  20. ^ Katherine Storr (2009). Excluded from the Record: Women, Refugees, and Relief, 1914-1929. Peter Lang. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-3-03911-855-7.
  21. ^ Association of Serbian Banks, Knight of Serbia, Georg I. Weifert p. 181
  22. ^ Tremblay, Yves (2005). "BAYLOCK, HARRY WOODBURN". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 15. University of Toronto/Université Laval. |volume= has extra text (help)
  23. ^ "Aleksandr Karelin, Order of St Sava: Neka Bog čuva Srbiju i Rusiju..." www.novosti.rs (in Serbian).
  24. ^ Acović 2013, p. 601
  25. ^ "Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin awarded the Serbian Orthodox Church's highest distinction | Serbian Orthodox Church [Official website]".

References[edit]