Order of Zolfaghar
|Order of Zolfaghar|
The Star and Ribbon of the Islamic Republic
|Awarded by |
Commander-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces
|Type||Chivalric and dynastic order|
|Royal house||House of Pahlavi (formerly)|
|Ribbon||IRIA Zolfaghar Ribbon|
|Supreme Leader||Ali Khamenei|
|Grades||Knight Grand Officer|
|Next (lower)||Order of Fath|
ribbon of the Islamic Republic
ribbon of Imperial Persia & Iran
The Order of Zolfaghar (Persian: نشان ذوالفقار, Neshan-e Zolfaghar) is the highest military honour of Iran. The Order was established in 1856 as the Decoration of the Commander of the Faithful, by Emperor Naser al-Din Shah. It was given its current name in 1925, by Emperor Reza Shah I. It was the pinnacle of the Imperial honours system, and was limited to the Sovereign and the individuals who had performed the most outstanding acts of patriotism on behalf of Persia and Iran.
The Order was a military order of Imperial Persia and Iran named after Zulfiqar, "Spine-cleaver", the famous two-pointed sword of the Caliph Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad. It was founded as the Decoration of the Commander of the Faithful by Naser al-Din Shah Qajar in 1856, to commemorate the recapture of Herat. Reza Shah, the penultimate Shah of Iran, renamed it the Order of Zolfaghar in 1925 and made it an exclusively military order.
The original Star of the Order comprised a enameled five-pointed star, with an inscription representing the Imam Ali on a red boss in the center, mounted over two crossed curved Zolfaghar swords and a sunburst of rays, as seen in the traditional Lion and Sun symbol.
The Star of the Islamic Republic is larger, simpler and more stylised, comprising a golden eight-pointed star within a silver eight-pointed star; stylised inscriptions on the stars provide decoration and contrast.
The Order consisted of three classes:
- 1st Class: worn with a badge and a sash
- 2nd Class: worn with a collar, as a neck-order
- 3rd Class: worn as a medal.
- Imperial Iran
- Islamic Republic
- "General Soleimani receives Iran's highest Medal of Honor". Tehran Times. March 11, 2019.
- «نشان «ذوالفقار» چیست؟ و به چه کسانی اعطا میشود؟»