Order of battle of Battle of Wuhan

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Battle of Wuhan or the Wuchang-Hankou Campaign Order of battle, (early June - November 12, 1938)

Japan[edit]

Imperial Japanese Army (mid-July 1938)[1][2][edit]

Central China Expeditionary Force - General Shunroku Hata

  • 15th Division - Lt. Gen. Yoshio Iwamatsu [2]
    • 15th Infantry Brigade Group
      • 51st Infantry Regiment
      • 60th Infantry Regiment
      • 67th Infantry Regiment
      • 1 tankette company
    • 15th Division Reconnaissance Company
    • 21st Field Artillery Regiment
    • 15th Military Engineer Regiment
    • 15th Transport Regiment
  • 17th Division- Lt. Gen. Takichi Kouya[2]
    • 17th Infantry Brigade Group
      • 53rd Infantry Regiment
      • 54th Infantry Regiment
      • 81st Infantry Regiment
    • 23rd Field Artillery Regiment
    • 7th Military Engineer Regiment
    • 17th Transport Regiment
  • 18th Division - Lt. Gen. Seiichi Kunou [2]
    • 23rd Infantry Brigade
      • 55th Infantry Regiment
      • 56th Infantry Regiment
    • 35th Infantry Brigade
      • 114th Infantry Regiment
      • 124th Infantry Regiment
    • 18th Mountain Artillery Regiment
    • 22nd Cavalry Battalion
    • 12th Engineer Regiment
    • 12th Transport Regiment
  • 22nd Division - Lt. Gen. Ichiji Dobashi, [joined the Central China Expeditionary Force, July 15][2]
    • 22nd Infantry Brigade Group
      • 22nd Infantry Regiment
      • 84th Infantry Regiment
      • 86th Infantry Regiment
    • 22nd Recon troops
    • 52nd Mountain Artillery Regiment
    • 22nd Engineer Regiment
    • 22nd Transport Regiment
  • 116th Division - Lt. Gen. Yoshishige Shimizu [2]
    • 119th Infantry Brigade
      • 109th Infantry Regiment
      • 120th Infantry Regiment
    • 130th Infantry Brigade
      • 133rd Infantry Regiment
      • 138th Infantry Regiment
    • 122nd Field Artillery Regiment
    • 120th Cavalry Battalion?
    • 116th Engineer Regiment
    • 116th Transport Regiment
  • 1st Independent Machinegun Battalion
  • 7th Independent Machinegun Battalion
  • 8th Independent Machinegun Battalion
  • 6th Independent Light Armored Car Battalion
  • 8th Independent Light Armored Car Battalion
  • 9th Independent Light Armored Car Battalion
  • 5th Tank Regiment
  • 7th Tank Regiment
  • 2nd Independent Mountain Artillery Regiment
  • 3rd Independent Mountain Artillery Regiment
  • 10th Field Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • 5th Field Heavy Artillery Brigade
    • 11th Field Heavy Artillery Regiment
    • 12th Field Heavy Artillery Regiment-
  • 6th Field Heavy Artillery Brigade
    • 13th Field Heavy Artillery Regiment
    • 14th Field Heavy Artillery
  • 1st Mortar Battalion
  • 4th Mortar Battalion
  • 1st Independent Military Engineer Regiment
  • 2nd Independent Military Engineer Regiment
  • 8th, Independent Military Engineer Regiment
  • 12th Independent Military Engineer Regiment
  • Guard Division
    • 4th Field Anti-aircraft gun Company
    • 5th Field Anti-aircraft gun Company
    • 7th Field Anti-aircraft gun Company
  • 16th Division
    • 5th Field Anti-aircraft gun Company
    • 6th Field Anti-aircraft gun Company
  • River transport unit - Maj. Gen. Katamura Shihachi
  • Jiujiang Anti-aircraft gun Company
  • Army Labor troops (3rd Independent Military Engineer Regiment)
  • Army Railroad Unit - Maj. Ochiai Shoji
  • 11th Army - Neiji Okamura [Activated July 4]
    • 6th Division – Lt. Gen. Shiro Inaba [2]
      • 9th Infantry Brigade
        • 11th Infantry Regiment
        • 41st Infantry Regiment
      • 21st Infantry Brigade
        • 21st Infantry Regiment
        • 42nd Infantry Regiment
      • 5th Mountain Artillery Regiment
      • 5th Cavalry Regiment
      • 5th Engineer Regiment
      • 5th Transport Regiment
    • 9th Division - Lt. Gen. Ryousuke Yoshizumi,[2] [Joined 11th army August 22, 1938]
      • 6th Infantry Brigade
        • 7th Infantry Regiment
        • 35th Infantry Regiment
      • 18th Infantry Brigade
        • 19th Infantry Regiment
        • 36th Infantry Regiment
      • 9th Mountain Artillery Regiment
      • 9th Cavalry Regiment
      • 9th Engineer Regiment
      • 9th Transport Regiment
    • 27th Division - Lt. Gen. Masaharu Honma,[2] [Joined 11th army July 15, 1938]
      • 1st China Garrison Infantry Regiment
        • 2nd China Garrison Infantry Regiment
        • 3rd China Garrison Infantry Regiment
      • 27th Division reconnaissance troops
      • 27th Mountain Artillery Regiment
      • 27th Military Engineer Regiment
      • 27th Transport Regiment
    • 101st Division - Lt. Gen. Masaki Ito or Lt. Gen. Masatoshi Saito
      • 101st Infantry Brigade
        • 101st Infantry Regiment
        • 149th Infantry Regiment
      • 102nd Infantry Brigade
        • 103rd Infantry Regiment
        • 157th Infantry Regiment
      • 101st Field Artillery Regiment
      • 101st Cavalry Regiment
      • 101st Engineer Regiment
      • 101st Transport Regiment
    • 106th Division - Lt. Gen. Atsuo Matsuura
      • 111th Infantry Brigade
        • 113th Infantry Regiment
        • 147th Infantry Regiment
      • 136th Infantry Brigade
        • 125th Infantry Regiment
        • 145th Infantry Regiment
      • 106th Field Artillery Regiment
      • 106th Cavalry Regiment
      • 106th Engineer Regiment
      • 106th Transport Regiment
    • Formosa Infantry Brigade - Maj. Gen. Senshuu Shigetou, [operating with China Area fleet]
      • 1st Formosa Infantry Regiment
      • 2nd Formosa Infantry Regiment
      • Formosa artillery Battalion
      • Formosa engineer Battalion
      • Formosa Transport Regiment
  • 2nd Army - Prince Naruhiko [Joined Expeditionary Force July 4]
    • 3rd Division - Lt. Gen. Susumu Fujita [Originally with Exped. Force July 15, with 2nd Army Aug 22nd] [3]
      • 5th Infantry Brigade
        • 6th Infantry Regiment
        • 68th Infantry Regiment
      • 29th Infantry Brigade
      • 3rd Field Artillery Regiment
      • 3rd Cavalry Regiment
      • 3rd Engineer Regiment
      • 3rd Transport Regiment
    • 10th Division – Lt. Gen. Yoshio Shinozuka
      • 8th Infantry Brigade
        • 39th Infantry Regiment
        • 40th Infantry Regiment
      • 33rd Infantry Brigade
        • 10th Infantry Regiment
        • 63rd Infantry Regiment
      • 10th Field Artillery Regiment
      • 10th Cavalry Regiment
      • 10th Engineer Regiment
      • 10th Transport Regiment
    • 13th Division - Lt. Gen. Ryuhei Ogisu [Originally with Exped. Force, with 2nd Army July 4]
      • 26th Infantry Brigade
        • 58th Infantry Regiment
        • 116th Infantry Regiment
      • 103rd Infantry Brigade
        • 65th Infantry Regiment
        • 104th Infantry Regiment
      • 19th Mountain Artillery Regiment
      • 17th Cavalry Regiment
      • 13th Engineer Regiment
      • 13th Transport Regiment
    • 16th Division – Lt. Gen. Keisuke Fujie, Gen. Kesao Nakashima, with 2nd Army to July 4]
      • 19th Infantry Brigade
        • 9th Infantry Regiment
        • 20th Infantry Regiment
      • 30th Infantry Brigade
        • 33rd Infantry Regiment
        • 38th Infantry Regiment
      • 22nd Field Artillery Regiment
      • 20th Cavalry Regiment
      • 16th Engineer Regiment
      • 16th Transport Regiment

Naval forces[edit]

One hundred vessels, including over 30 naval craft armed with medium-caliber artillery, were gathered. The landing force for Anqing was composed of one infantry brigade, a marine landing battalion, artillery, engineers and chemical elements, totaling about 12,000 men and 80 to 90 guns. The squadron comprised 40 units, including destroyers, minesweepers, naval and river gunboats and blockade boats. Twenty steamboats transported the troops designated to make the landing.[4]

3rd Fleet and China Area Fleet - Adm. Oiakwa Koshiro

  • China Area fleet: - Vice Adm. Kiyoshi Hasegawa
    • Izumo (F) (Izumo class armoured cruiser)
      • 4-20.3 cm gun (2x2), 14-15.2 cm QF gun (1x14), 12-12pdr QF gun (1x12),8-2.5pdr QF gun (1x8), 4–45 cm TT
    • Iwate (Izumo class armoured cruiser)
      • 4-20.3 cm gun (2x2), 14-15.2 cm QF gun (1x14), 12-12pdr QF gun (1x12),8-2.5pdr QF gun (1x8), 4–45 cm TT

One of these cruisers was detached to Yosuko Force to bombard Matang, both to bombard Matou.

  • 11th Sentai (gunboat flotilla) - Rear Adm. Eijiro Kondo 12/37-12/38
    • flagship Ataka (Gunboat)
      • 2–12 cm/45cal gun, 2–8 cm/40cal gun, 6 MGs. (1933 May 20, Ataka was incorporated into the 11th squadron as its flagship.)
    • Kuri (2nd Class Destroyer) 3 x 12 cm/45cal gun, 2 x 7.7 mm MGs, 4 x 53 cm TT (2x2)
    • Tsuga (2nd Class Destroyer) 3–12 cm/45cal gun, 2-7.7 mm MGs, 4–53 cm TT (2x2)
    • Hasu (2nd Class Destroyer) 3–12 cm/45cal gun, 2-7.7 mm MGs, 4–53 cm TT (2x2
    • Yaeyama (minelayer) 2–12 cm/45cal gun, 2 MGs, 185 mines (maybe with 12th Sentai?)
    • Hozu (Gunboat) 2–8 cm/40cal gun, 3 or 6–13 mm MG
    • Katada (Gunboat) 2–8 cm/40cal gun, 3 or 6–13 mm MG
    • Atami (Gunboat) 1–8 cm/28cal gun, 6 MGs
    • Seta (Gunboat) 2–8 cm/40cal gun, 3 or 6–13 mm MG
    • Toba (Gunboat) 2–8 cm/28cal gun, 6 MGs
    • Hira (Gunboat) 2–8 cm/40cal gun, 3 or 6–13 mm MG
    • Futami (Gunboat) 1–8 cm/28cal gun, 6 MGs
    • Sumida (Gunboat) 2–47 mm/40cal gun, 4 MGs
    • Kotaka (Gunboat) 5 MGs
    • Saga (Gunboat) 1–12 cm/45cal gun, 3–8 cm/40cal gun, 3 MGs. (Saga was incorporated into the 3rd fleet 11th squadron on 1937 October 20.)
  • 1st Sentai
    • 1st Destroyer Torpedoboat Unit - ?
      • Kasasagi, (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
      • Hiyodori, (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
      • Otori, (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
      • Hayabusa) (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
    • 11th Torpedoboat Unit
      • Kari (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
      • Sagi (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
      • Hato (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
      •  ? Kiji (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3)
    • 21st Torpedoboat Unit
      • Chidori (Chidori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1-7.7 mm AA, 2–53 cm TT (2x1)
      • Manazuru (Chidori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1-7.7 mm AA, 2–53 cm TT (2x1)
      • Tomozuru (Chidori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1-7.7 mm AA, 2–53 cm TT (2x1)
      • Hatsukari (Chidori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1-7.7 mm AA, 2–53 cm TT (2x1)
  • 12th Sentai (minelayer) ?
    • 1st Minesweeper Unit 1awg = Tsubame - Kamone - Sugi maru - Kashiwa maru
      • Tsubame (Tsubame class minelayer) 1–8 cm/40cal AA gun, 1-13.2 mm AA, 120 mines
      • Kamone (Tsubame class minelayer) 1–8 cm/40cal AA gun, 1-13.2 mm AA, 120 mines
      • Yamasemi (torpedo boat) 2–8 cm QF gun, 2–47 mm QF gun, 2–45 cm TT (detached from Torpedoboat Sentai?)
      • Sugi maru (Military used merchantmen minesweeper ?)
      • Kashiwa maru (Military used merchantmen minesweeper ?)
    • 2nd Minesweeper Unit 2 awg = Kotaka and Minor/Smaller craft
    • Kotaka (Gunboat) 5 MGs (detached from 11th Sentai)
    • Daihatsu, Shohatsu and other small craft
  • #3 Flying Group (Kosen or Koku Sentai), 3rd Fleet.
    • Kamikawa Maru (Mobilized Merchantman seaplane tender) 2–15 cm gun, 2–8 cm AA gun, 4–25 mm AA, 2 catapults, 12 or 8 aircraft (E8N)+
    • Notoro (seaplane tender) 2–8 cm/40cal AA gun, 8 aircraft (E8N)+
    • Kiji (Otori class torpedo boat) 3–12 cm/45cal gun (1x3), 1–40 mm AA, 3–53 cm TT (1x3) (from 11th Torpedoboat Sentai)
  • Transport Unit ?
    • 20 steamboat transports
    • Daihatsu, Shohatsu and other small craft
  • Special Unit
    • Formosa Brigade (see 11th Army above)
    • NLF "Okamoto unit"
    • Kure 4th SNLF (after Aug. 1938)
    • Kure 5th SNLF
  • Special Working Unit
    • 2nd Combined Air Group, 3rd Fleet.
    • Sōryū detachment +
      • Fighter daitai - 9 Nakajima A4N1s or Mitsubishi A5M
      • Bomber daitai - 18 Aichi D1A1
      • Attack daitai - 9 Yokosuka B3Y1

Based at Wuhu 6/38, Anqing 6/38 - 11/38) In June the Sōryū detachment moved from Nanking to Wuhu in early June and by mid-June to the Anqing base. At this time they flew air defence and ground support sorties.

Land-based Naval Air Force

  • 12th Kōkūtai +
    • Fighter daitai - 27 Mitsubishi A5M
    • Bomber daitai - Aichi D1A1
    • Attack daitai - Yokosuka B3Y1

A predominantly carrier fighter unit. Based at Anqing (06/38 – autumn/38)

  • 13th Kōkūtai +
    • Fighter daitai - 24 Mitsubishi A5M
    • Attack daitai - 18 Mitsubishi G3M

Reorganized on 22 March 1938 to a predominantly land attack unit. The fighter daitai was disbanded on 15 November 1938. Based at Shanghai

  • 15th Kōkūtai +
    • Fighter daitai - 9 Nakajima A4N1 (to 09/38), 9 Mitsubishi A5M (after 09/38)
    • Bomber daitai -12 Aichi D1A1
    • Attack daitai - 9 Yokosuka B3Y1

Based at Anqing (10/07/38 – 09/38), Kowkong (09/38 – 01/12/38)

Notes on naval forces:

  • 15th Kōkūtai entered combat on 10 July from Anqing, and they included A5Ms from the aircraft carrier Sōryū, stationed off the coast since April. The several A5Ms located at Anqing had been unable to provide adequate air protection for Japanese forces until the arrival of the 15th Kōkūtai. At this time the 15th Kōkūtai had a nominal strength of one unit of carrier fighters (12 aircraft), one unit of carrier bombers (12 aircraft) and a half unit carrier attack aircraft (six aircraft). Actual strength was nine A4Ns, nine A5Ms, 18 carrier bombers and nine carrier attack aircraft. Primary duties were to cooperate in the army’s Hankou operations and in particular air defense in the areas along the Yangtze River.
  • Pictures and drawings of Japanese gunboats (mostly used on Yangtze River) [1]
  • Armament and ship id from http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/index.htm
  • There is a listing for a Yamasemi torpedo boat formerly the Chinese torpedo boat

Chi Fu Po renamed Chien Kang was sunk 9/37 and raised by Japan and recommissioned as the Yamasemi the same year armed with 2–8 cm QF gun, 2–47 mm QF gun, 2–45 cm TT See: http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/sino-japanese-1938.htm

Army Air Force[edit]

Over 300 planes were part of the Wuhan operation.[1]

Central China Aviation Army Corps(before Aug.2) - Yoshi Tokugawa,[1][2][5]

  • Hiko Dai 2 Daitai of Hiko Dai 16 Hiko Rentai
    • IJAAF Type 88 reconnaissance aircraft
  • Hiko Dai 8 Rinji Daitai - Colonel Sojiro Takeda *
    • Hiko Dai 1 Chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10
    • Hiko Dai 2 Chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10

(8th Hiko Daitai was split on 31 July to form the 77th Flying Sentai and the 41st Airfield Daitai. Based at Shanghai (06/38 – 07/38), Nanking (July 1938)

  • 10th Dokuritsu Hiko Chutai
    • Kawasaki Ki-10 ( – 07/38)
    • Nakajima Ki-27 (07/38 –)

Based at Nanking, Anqing, Jiujiang (03/38 – 10/38), Hankou (10/38 – 12/38)

  • 17th Dokuritsu Hiko Chutai
    • Reconnaissance squadron
  • 2nd Hiko Daitai - Maj. Tamiya Teranishi **
    • 1st chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10
    • 2nd chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10

2nd Hiko Daitai Was amalgamated on 1 August 1938 with the 9th I F Chutai to form the 64th Sentai.

  • 9th Dokuritsu Hiko Chutai
    • Capt. Goro Suzuki (06/38 – 01/08/38) - Kawasaki Ki-10

Was amalgamated on 1 August 1938 with the 2nd Hiko Daitai to form the 64th Sentai. Based at Changte

    • 18th Dokuritsu Hiko Chutai - Reconnaissance squadron.

Based at Nanching (08/38 – )

  • 41st Airfield Daitai (08/38 – ?)

On August 2, the supreme headquarters issued an order to reorganize the Central China aviation army corps establishment. In to bring it in line with the North China Front Army Aviation Corps. Headquarters Nanjing.[2]

Central China Aviation Army Corps(after Aug.2) - Yoshi Tokugawa[1,2,[5]

  • 77th Hiko Sentai - Col. Sojiro Takeda
    • 1st chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10
    • 2nd chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10

Based in Anqing (08/38 – 11/38). Was formed from the 8th Daitai on 31 July 1938.

  • 3rd Air Regiment - Gen. ?
    • 10th Dokuritsu Hiko Chutai - senior captain
      • Kawasaki Ki-10 ( – 07/38)
      • Nakajima Ki-27 (07/38 – 06/42)

Based on Nanking, Anqing, Jiujiang (08/38 – 10/38), Hankou (10/38 – 12/38)

    • 17th Dokuritsu Hiko Chutai - senior captain - Reconnaissance squadron

Based in Central China ?,[2] North China? [5]

    • 45th Hiko Sentai - Colonel - light bomber unit

Based: Central China ?,[2] North China? [5]

    • 75th Hiko Sentai - Colonel - Light bomber unit

Based: Central China ?,[2] North China? [5]

  • 4th Air Regiment -
    • 64th Hiko Sentai - Maj. Tamiya Teranishi ***
      • 1st chutai - Nakajima Ki-27
      • 2nd chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10, Nakajima Ki-27
      • 3rd chutai - Kawasaki Ki-10, Nakajima Ki-27

Based: Changte (August 1938), Ertaokou (08/38 – 11/38), Tianhe (09/11/38 – 26/07/39) Was formed on 1 August 1938 from the 2nd Hiko Daitai and the 9th I F Chutai.

    • 60th Hiko Sentai
      • Mitsubishi Ki-21

Based: Central China ?,[2] North China? [5]

    • 98th Hiko Sentai - colonel - Fiat BR.20 Heavy bomber

Based: Central China ?,[2] North China? [5]

  • 18th Dokuritsu Hiko Chutai
    • Reconnaissance squadron

Based: Nanching (08/38 – )

  • 41st Airfield Daitai (08/38 – ?)

Was formed from the 8th Daitai on 31 July 1938

  • 59th Hiko Sentai [5]
    • 1st chutai - Nakajima Ki-27
    • 2nd chutai - Nakajima Ki-27

Based: Anqing (09/38 – 03/11/38), Hankou (03/11/38 – 08/39)

China (early July 1938) [1][edit]

Army[edit]

9th War Area - Chen Cheng

  • 1st Army Corps - Hsueh Yueh
    • 20th Army Group - Shang Zhen
      • 32nd Corps - Shang Zhen (concurrent)
        • 139th Division - Li Chao-ying
        • 141st Division - Tang Yung-liang
        • 142nd Division - Fu Li-ping
        • Salt Gabelle Brigade - Chiang Yung-ke
      • 18th Corps - Huang Wei
        • 11th Division [G] - Peng Shan
        • 16th Division - Ho Ping
        • 60th Division - Chen Pei
    • 9th Army Group - Wu Qiwei
      • 4th Corps - Ou chen
        • 59th Division - Chang Teh-neng
        • 90th Division - Chen Yung-chi
      • 8th Corps - Li Ye-tung [at Lanfeng]
        • 3rd Division [G] - Chao His-tien
        • 15th Division - Wang Chih-pin
      • 66th Corps - Yeh Chao
        • 159th Division - Tan Sui
        • 160th Division - Hua Chen-chung
      • 29th Army - Li Han-huen
        • 64th Corps - Li Han-huen
          • 155th Division - Chen Kung-hsia
          • 187th Division - Kung Ke-chuan
          • 9th Reserve Division - Yen-chuan
        • 70th Corps - Li Chueh
          • 19th Division - Li Chueh
          • 91st Division - Chan-hai
        • 6th Reserve Division - Chi Chang-chien
      • 37th Army - Wang Ching-chiu
        • 25th Corps - Wang Ching-chiu
          • 52nd Division - T_____? -shan
          • 109th Division - Liang Hua-sheng
    • 74th Corps - Yu Chi-shih
      • 51st Division - Wang Yaou-wu
      • 58th Division - Feng Sheng-fa
    • 29th Corps - Chen An-pao
      • 40th Division - Li Tien-hsia
      • 79thDivision - Chan An-pao
    • 167th Division - Chao Hsia-kuang [formerly part of Matan Fortress defense**]
    • Po Yang Lake Garrison - ?
  • 2nd Army Corps - Chang Fe-kuei
    • 30th Army Group - Wang Lingji
      • 72nd Corps - Yu Chi-shih
        • New 13th Division - Liu Juo-pi
        • New 14th Division - Fan Nan-hsuen
      • 78th Corps - Chang Tsai
        • New 15th Division - Teng Kuo-chang
        • New 16th Division - Chen Liang-chi
    • 3rd Army Group - Sun Tongxuan
      • 12th Corps - Sun Tongxuan
        • 20th Division - Chang Tse-min
        • 22nd Division - Shih Tung-jan
        • 81st Division - Chan Shu-tang
    • 31st Army Group - Tang Enbo
      • 13th Corps - Chang Chen
        • 23rd Division - Ouyang Fen
        • 89th Division [G] - Chang Hsueh-chung
        • 35th Division - Wang Ching tsai
      • 98th Corps - Chang Kang
        • 82nd Division - Lo Chi-chiang
        • 193rd Division - Li Tsung-chien
        • 195th Division - Liang Kai
    • 32nd Army Group - Kuan Lin-cheng
      • 52nd Corps - Kuan Lin-cheng
        • 2nd Division [G] - Chao Kung-wu
        • 25th Division [G] - Chang Yao-ming
      • 92nd Corps - Li Hsien-chou
        • 21st Division - Hou Ching-ju
        • 95th Division - Lo Chi
    • Tienpei Fortress Command - Li Yen-nien
      • 2nd Corps - Li yen-nien
        • 9th Division [G] - Cheng Tso-min
        • 57th Division [G] - Shih Chung-cheng
        • Tienchiachen Fortress Units
    • Tiennan Fortress Command - Kuei-chang
      • 54th Corps - Hou Kuei-chang
        • 14th Division [G] - Chen Leih
        • 18th Division - Li Fang-pin
  • Wuhan Garrison - Lo Cho-ying
    • Yangtse River North Region - Wan Yao-huang
    • Yangtse River South Region - Chou Ai
      • 75th Corps - Chao Ai
        • 6th Division - Chang Ying [g]
        • 13th Division - Fang Ching
        • Huang Ngo Fortress Units
    • Wuhan Garrison Command - Kuo Chan
      • 94th Corps - Kuo Chan
        • 55th Division - Li Chi-lan
        • 185th Division - Fang Tien
    • 37th Corps - Huang Kuo-liang
  • 30th Army - Lu Han
    • 60th Corps - Lu Han
      • 184th Division - Chang Chung
      • 49th Division - Li Chi-lan
      • 102nd Division - Po Hui-chang
  • 26th Army - Wan Fu-lin
    • 53rd Corps - Wan Fu-lin
      • 130th Division - Chu Huang-hsun
      • 116th Division - Chou Fu-cheng

5th War Area - Li Tsung-jen, Bai Chongxi (acting)

  • 3rd Army Corps - Sun Lianzhong
    • 2nd Army Group - Sun Lianzhong
      • 30th Corps - Tien Chen-nan
        • 30th Division - Chang Ching-lieh
        • 31st Division - Chih Feng-cheng
      • 42nd Corps - Feng An-pang
        • 27th Division [G] - Huang Chiao-sung
        • 44th Sep. Brigade - Wu Peng-chu
    • 26th Corps - Hsiao Chi-chu
      • 32nd Division - Wang Hsiu-shen
      • 44th Division - Chen Yung
    • 55th Corps - Tsao Fu-lin
      • 29th Division - Tsao Fu-lin
      • 74th Division - Li Han-chang
    • 87th Corps - Liu Yin-ku
      • 198th Division - Wang Yu-ying
  • 4th Army Corps - Li Pin-hsien
    • 29th Army Group - Wang Tsan-hau
      • 4th Corps - Peng Chen-fu
        • 149th Division - Wang Tse-chun
        • 162nd Division - Chang Chieh-cheng
      • 67th Corps - Hsu Shao-tsung
        • 150th Division - Liao Chen
        • 161st Division - Hsu Shao-tsung
    • 11th Army Group - Li Pingxian
      • 84th Corps - Chin Lien-fang
        • 188th Division - Liu Jen
        • 189th Division - Lin Ya-his
      • 48th Corps - Chang Yi-shun
        • 172rd Division - Huo Wei-chen
        • 174th Division - Chang Kuang-Wei
        • 176th Division - Ou Shou-mien
    • 68th Corps - Liu Ju-ming
      • 119th Division - Li Chin-tien
      • 143rd Division - Li Tseng-chih
    • 86th Corps - Ho Chih-chung
  • 26th Army Group - Xu Yuanquan
    • 10th Corps - Xu Yuanquan
      • 41st Division - Ting Chih-pan
      • 48th Division - Hsu Chi-wu
    • 199th Division - Lo Shu-chia
  • 21st Army Group - Liao Lei
    • 31st Corps - Wei Yun-sung
      • 131st Division - Ling Tse-hui
      • 135th Division - Su Tsu-hsing
      • 138th Division - Mo Teh-hung
    • 7th Corps - Chang Kan
      • 171st Division - Chi Tao-cheng
      • 172nd Division - Cheng Shu-fen
  • 19th Army - Feng Chih-an
    • 77th Corps - Feng Chih-an
      • 37th Division - Chang Ling-yun
      • 132nd Division - Wang Chang-hai
  • 51st Corps - Yu Hsueh-chung
    • 113th Division - Chou Kuang-lieh
    • 114th Division - Mo Chung-heng
  • 71st Corps - Sung Hsi-lien =Lanfeng
  • 27th Army - Chang Tse-chung
    • 59th Corps - Chang Tse-chung
      • Cav. Regiment
      • 38th Division - Huang Wei-kang
      • 180th Division - Liu Chen-san
      • 13th Cavalry Brigade - Yao Ching-chuan
  • 45th Corps - Chen Ting-hsun
    • 125th Division - Wang Shih-chun
    • 127th Division - Chen Li
  • 24th Army Group - Han Deqin
    • 57th Corps - Miao Cheng-liu
      • 111th Division - Chang En-tuo
      • 112th Division - Huo Shou-wei
    • 89th Corps- Han Deqin
      • 33rd Division - Chia Yun-shan
      • 117th Division - Li Shou-wei
  • 27th Army Group - Yang Sen [defense of Anqing*]
    • 20th Corps - Yang Sen (concurrent)
      • 133rd Division - Yang Han-yu
      • 134th Division - Yang Han-chung
  • 17th Army - Hu Tsung-nan
    • 1st Corps - Hu Tsung-nan (concurrent)
      • 1st Division - Li Cheng-hsien
      • 78th Division - Li Wen

[G] = German Trained Division

Air Forces [5][edit]

  • 4th Pursuit Group (PG) - Mao Ying-Chu
    • 21st Pursuit Squadron (PS) - Lo Ying-Teh (Polikarpov I-16)
    • 22nd PS - Zhang Wei-Hua(to 04/07/38), Wang Yuan-Po ( after 04/07/38) (Curtiss Hawk III, Polikarpov I-15bis, Polikarpov I-16)
    • 23rd PS - Liu Chung-Wu (Polikarpov I-15bis, Curtiss Hawk III)
  • 24th PS (Independent) - Liang Yi-Guan (Polikarpov I-16s)
  • 1st Bomber Group (BG) (Just became operational in spring of 1938)
    • 2nd Bomber Squadron (BS) - Sun Tungan (Tupolev SB)
  • 6th BG(Reorganizing from a bomber to a fighter group)
    • 34th PS (Henschel Hs-123)
  • Voluntary Soviet units (Soviet fighter groups varied from two to eight, though for the largest period of time there were five.)
    • Machin group - Machin (Tupolev SB)
    • Titov group - G. V. Titov (Tupolev SB), Arrived in China in June 1938.
    • Nikolaenko group - E. M. Nikolaenko (Polikarpov I-16)

Naval Forces [1][6][edit]

  • June 1938 between Mantang and Hukou
    • 9 Gunboats: Yi Sheng, Hsien Ning, Chung Ning, Sui Ning, Chung Shan (Capt Sa Shih Chun), Chu Tung, Yung Sheng, Chu Chien, Hu Fu(?)
    • Unknown number of “high-speed” boats and PT-boats, among them No. 93, Shin No. 223, Yueh No. 253, Wen No. 42, Wen No. 88. These boats were assigned to the Chinese Navy GHQ after the Torpedo School was deactivated on July 9, 1938.
    • Minelayer(s): One known; Huying
    • Naval Gun units at Yangtze Fortress Matang, Hukou, Tienchia and Kotien; see above under Army and below in Notes.
  • After July 1938 additional craft appear in references at Hankow to await possible evacuation of the National Military Council.
    • Gunboats: Chu Kuan, Yung Chi, Chiang yuan.
    • Unknown boat types: Chung Shan, Chaing Chen, Min Sheng.
  • In PoYang Lake
    • 9 Gun boats: Yin Ning (Capt Yen Chuan Ching), Hai Ning, and seven others.

Notes[edit]

  • The Battle of Antsin (Anqing today) Chinese side includes 27th Army Group, commanded by general Yang Sen, and 20th Corps (Sichuan provincial army). Defense of Antsin had been entrusted to the Chinese 146th and 147th Divisions.[4] These were from the Sichuan provincial army, 27th Army Group. They are omitted from the July oob above because they were defeated in June, probably pulled from the line for refitting.
    • 27th Army Group - Yang Sen, Defended Anqing, Wu-wei, Takuanin in June 1938
      • 20th Corps - Yang Sen (concurrent)
        • 133rd Division - Yang Han-yu
        • 134th Division - Yang Han-chung
        • 146th Division - ?
        • 147th Division - ?
  • Matan Fortress Garrison consisted of Naval Fortress troops with twelve 12-cm (4.7 inch) guns, 53rd and 167th Divisions. (53rd Division omitted from the July oob above because they were defeated in June, probably pulled from the line for refitting.)[1]
  • Other Fortress Units consisted of Naval Fortress troops six 10.5-cm (4 inch) guns at Hukou, sixteen 10.5-cm (4 inch) guns at Tienchiachen, ten 7.5-cm (3 inch) guns at Huang.
  • 20 German trained divisions were trained and organized according to plans of the German advisors. They belonged to the first 2 phases of the reorganization of KMT forces. Another 10 divisions (3rd phase) were in training when war broke out. 60 were planned.
    • Fully trained: 2nd, 4th, 11th, 10th, 25th, 27th, 57th, 67th, 80th, 83rd, 89th Divisions trained on the German pattern by Chinese officers with 2 German advisors.
    • Partially trained: 3rd, 6th, 9th, 14th, 36th, 87th, 88th Divisions, and the Tax Police (die Salz Division) Division had German advisors directly involved in their training.

Sources[edit]