order of merit is a visible honorific order conferred by a state, government, royal family, or other sovereign entity to an individual in recognition of military or civil merits.
The historical background of the modern
honour system of orders of merit may be traced to the emergance of orders of chivalry in the Middle Ages.
An orders of merit may be found bestowed as official distinctions by states and as
dynastic orders by royal families alike. In the case of modern republics, it may constitute the highest distinction conferred by the respective state authority.
National orders of merit [ edit ]
Order of Merit, a British order of merit established in 1902 by King Edward VII
Order pro Merito Melitensi, established in 1920 as a state decoration by the Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Order of Merit (Lebanon), established in 1922 as the highest honour of the Republic of Lebanon
Order of Merit (Portugal), established in 1927, known by its current name since 1976
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, established in 1951 as the highest honour of the Republic of Italy
Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, established in 1951 as the highest honour of the Federal Republic of Germany
Order of Merit of the Austrian Republic, established in 1952 as the highest honour of the Austrian Republic
National Order of Merit (France), established in 1963
Order of Merit (Malaysia), established in 1975 as the highest honour of Malaysia
National Order of Merit (Malta), established in 1990 as the highest honour of the Republic of Malta
Order of Merit (Central African Republic)
Dynastic orders of merit [ edit ]
Defunct [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]