Order of precedence in England and Wales

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The following is the order of precedence in England and Wales as of November 2018. Separate orders exist for gentlemen and ladies.

Names in italics indicate that these people rank elsewhere—either higher in that table of precedence or in the table for the other sex. Titles in italics indicate the same thing for their holders, or that they are vacant.

Peers and their families make up a large part of these tables. It is possible for a peer to hold more than one title of nobility, and these may belong to different ranks and peerages. A peer derives his precedence from his highest-ranking title; peeresses derive their precedence in the same way, whether they hold their highest-ranking title in their own right or by marriage. The ranks in the tables refer to peers rather than titles: if exceptions are named for a rank, these do not include peers of a higher rank (or any peers at all, in the case of baronets). No exceptions are named for most categories, owing to their large size.

Gentlemen[edit]

Royalty, archbishops, et al.[edit]

Royal family[edit]

Precedence is accorded to spouses, children and grandchildren of the reigning sovereign, as well as children and grandchildren of former sovereigns.[nb 1]

Title Holder Ref
The Sovereign (regardless of sex) HM The Queen
The Spouse of the Sovereign HRH The Duke of Edinburgh [nb 2] [3]
Eldest son of the Sovereign HRH The Prince of Wales [4]
Younger sons of the Sovereign HRH The Duke of York [4]
HRH The Earl of Wessex
Grandsons of the Sovereign HRH The Duke of Cambridge [5]
HRH The Duke of Sussex
The Viscount Severn[6]
Peter Phillips
Brothers of the Sovereign None at present [7][4]
Uncles of the Sovereign None at present [4]
Nephews of the Sovereign The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Snowdon [4]
Grandsons of former Sovereigns
who are Dukes
HRH The Duke of Gloucester [7]
HRH The Duke of Kent
Grandsons of former Sovereigns
who are not dukes
HRH Prince Michael of Kent

Archbishops, High Officers of State, et al.[edit]

Title Holder Ref
The Vicegerent in Spirituals None; vacant since 1540 [1][8]
The Archbishop of Canterbury The Most Rev. and Rt. Hon. Justin Welby [1]
The Lord High Steward None; ceremonial and only appointed for coronations
The Lord High Chancellor The Rt. Hon. David Gauke, MP [8]
The Archbishop of York The Most Rev. and Rt. Hon. John Sentamu [1]
The Prime Minister Office held by a woman, The Rt. Hon. Theresa May, MP [nb 3]
The Lord High Treasurer None; in commission since 1714 [8]
The Lord President of the Council Office held by a woman, The Rt. Hon. Andrea Leadsom, MP [8]
The Speaker of the House of Commons The Rt. Hon. John Bercow, MP [11]
The Lord Speaker The Rt. Hon. The Lord Fowler [nb 4]
The President of the Supreme Court Office held by a woman, The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Hale of Richmond [14]
The Lord Chief Justice The Rt. Hon. The Lord Burnett of Maldon [15]
The Lord Privy Seal Office held by a woman, The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park [8]
The Ambassadors and High Commissioners to the United Kingdom in order of arrival [nb 5][16]
The Lord Great Chamberlain The Most Hon. The Marquess of Cholmondeley [8]
The Lord High Constable None; ceremonial and only appointed for coronations [8]
The Earl Marshal His Grace The Duke of Norfolk [8]
The Lord High Admiral Office held by a member of the royal family, HRH The Duke of Edinburgh [8]
The Lord Steward of the Household The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Dalhousie [8]
The Lord Chamberlain of the Household The Rt. Hon. The Earl Peel [8]
The Master of the Horse The Rt. Hon. The Lord Vestey [nb 6]

Nobility, bishops, et al.[edit]

Dukes, et al.[edit]

Note Ref
Royal Dukes not grandsons of former sovereigns None at present [7]
England England Ordered according to date of creation [18]
Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Ireland Ireland The 9th Duke of Leinster
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
Eldest sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Prince George of Cambridge (son of the Duke of Cambridge)
The Earl of Ulster (son of the Duke of Gloucester)
The Earl of St Andrews (son of the Duke of Kent)
[nb 1]
Ministers, envoys, and other very important visitors from foreign countries

Marquesses, et al.[edit]

Note Ref
England England The 18th Marquess of Winchester
Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Ordered according to date of creation [19]
Eldest sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Earls, et al.[edit]

Note Ref
England England Ordered according to date of creation
Scotland Scotland Ordered according to the Decreet of Ranking of 1606 according to date of creation [20]
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Ordered according to date of creation [21][22]
Younger sons of Royal Dukes
who are not already ranked higher
Prince Louis of Cambridge (second son of the Duke of Cambridge)
Lord Nicholas Windsor (second son of the Duke of Kent)
[nb 1]
Eldest sons of Marquesses according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Dukes according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Viscounts, et al.[edit]

Note Ref
England England The 19th Viscount Hereford
Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
Eldest sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders [23]
Lord Frederick Windsor (only son of Prince Michael of Kent) [7]
Younger sons of Marquesses ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Bishops[edit]

Title Note Ref
Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords - ex officio The Bishop of London Office held by a Woman, The Rt. Rev. The Rt. Hon. Dame Sarah Mullally [24]
The Bishop of Durham The Rt. Rev. Paul Butler
The Bishop of Winchester The Rt. Rev. Tim Dakin
Other Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of Lords ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election [nb 7]
Other Diocesan Bishops ordered according to seniority of confirmation of election
Suffragan bishops ordered according to seniority of consecration
Retired Church of England diocesan archbishops and bishops ordered according to original date of confirmation of election

Barons[edit]

Note Ref
Secretaries of State
Being of the degree of a Baron
None at present
England England Ordered according to date of creation
Scotland Scotland Ordered according to date of creation
Kingdom of Great Britain Great Britain Ordered according to date of creation
Ireland Ireland Ordered according to date of creation
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Ordered according to date of creation [nb 8]
[nb 9]
[25]
[26]
[27]
[28]
[29]
[30]
[31]

Gentry, et al.[edit]

Master of the Rolls and Supreme Court Justices[edit]

Title Holder Ref
The Master of the Rolls The Rt. Hon. Sir Terence Etherton [15]
The Deputy President of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. The Lord Reed [14]
Justices of the Supreme Court The Rt. Hon. The Lord Kerr of Tonaghmore [32] [14][nb 10]
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Wilson of Culworth
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Sumption
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Carnwath of Notting Hill
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Hodge
The Rt. Hon. The Lady Black of Derwent Office held by a woman
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Lloyd-Jones
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Briggs of Westbourne
The Rt. Hon. The Lady Arden Office held by a woman
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Kitchin

Royal Household officials[edit]

Title Holder Ref
The Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal None; last appointed in 1850 [7]
The Treasurer of the Household Christopher Pincher, MP
The Comptroller of the Household Mark Spencer, MP
The Vice-Chamberlain of the Household Andrew Stephenson, MP

Cabinet, et al.[edit]

Holder Ref
Secretaries of State
Under the degree of a Baron
The Home Secretary The Rt. Hon. Sajid Javid, MP [nb 11]
The Foreign Secretary The Rt. Hon. Jeremy Hunt, MP
The Brexit Secretary The Rt. Hon. Stephen Barclay, MP
The Defence Secretary The Rt. Hon. Gavin Williamson, MP
The Justice Secretary The Rt. Hon. David Gauke, MP [37]
The Heatlh Secretary The Rt. Hon. Matt Hancock, MP
The Business Secretary The Rt. Hon. Greg Clark, MP
The International Trade Secretary The Rt. Hon. Liam Fox, MP
The Education Secretary The Rt. Hon. Damian Hinds, MP
The Environment Secretary The Rt. Hon. Michael Gove, MP
The Communities Secretary The Rt. Hon. James Brokenshire, MP
The Transport Secretary The Rt. Hon. Chris Grayling, MP
The Scottish Secretary The Rt. Hon. David Mundell, MP
The Welsh Secretary The Rt. Hon. Alun Cairns, MP
The Culture Secretary The Rt. Hon. Jeremy Wright, MP
The Secretaries of State for Work and Pensions, Northern Ireland, International Development are Women
Eldest sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Earls according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Eldest sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders

Knights of the Garter and Knights of the Thistle[edit]

Order Post-Nominal Letters Holder Ref
Knights of the Garter KG Sir Timothy Colman
Sir Antony Acland
Sir John Major
Sir Thomas Dunne
Sir David Brewer
[38]
Knights of the Thistle KT Sir Eric Anderson
Sir Ian Wood
[39]
Knights of St Patrick KP None; order dormant [nb 12]

Privy Counsellors, et al.[edit]

Privy Counsellors Holder Ref
Privy Counsellors (PC) Ordered according to date of oath-taking [nb 13]
The Chancellor of the Order of the Garter His Grace The Duke of Abercorn [40]
The Chancellor of the Exchequer The Rt. Hon. Philip Hammond, MP [41]
The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster The Rt. Hon. David Lidington, MP [42]

Senior judges, et al.[edit]

Holder Ref
The Senior Judges The President of the Queen's Bench Division The Rt. Hon. Sir Brian Leveson [nb 14] [44]
The President of the Family Division The Rt. Hon. Sir Andrew McFarlane [45]
The Chancellor of the High Court The Rt. Hon. Sir Geoffrey Vos [46]
The Lords Justices of Appeal Ordered according to seniority of appointment [47]
The Judges of the High Court Ordered according to seniority of appointment [48]
Younger sons of Viscounts according to the precedence of the peerage holders
Younger sons of Barons according to the precedence of the peerage holders
All sons of Life Peers according to the precedence of the peerage holders [nb 15]

Baronets[edit]

Post-Nominal Letters Ref
Baronets Bt [nb 16]

Knights[edit]

Level Order Post-Nominal Letters Ref
Knights Grand Cross Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath GCB
Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India GCSI [nb 17]
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George GCMG
Knights Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire GCIE [nb 17]
Knights Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order GCVO
Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire GBE
Knights Commander Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath KCB
Knights Commander of the Order of the Star of India KCSI [nb 18]
Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George KCMG
Knights Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire KCIE [nb 19]
Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order KCVO
Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire KBE
Knights Bachelor Kt [nb 20]

Lower level judges, et al.[edit]

Other lower ranks, including Esquires and Gentlemen[edit]

Companions, commanders, lieutenants and officers of various orders[edit]

Eldest sons of various grades[edit]

  • Eldest sons of younger sons of hereditary peers or hereditary peeresses in their own right (ordered according to the precedence of the peerage holders)
  • Eldest sons of baronets (ordered according to the precedence of the baronets)
  • Eldest sons of knights (ordered according to the precedence of the knights)

Members of orders[edit]

Younger sons of various grades[edit]

  • Younger sons of baronets (ordered according to the precedence of the baronets)
  • Younger sons of knights (ordered according to the precedence of the knights)

Ladies[edit]

Royalty[edit]

The order of precedence accorded to women of the royal family differs depending on whether or not they are accompanied by a husband who is of higher precedence by birthright. As such the below is broken in to two versions. The first outlines the order of precedence for women of the royal family when unaccompanied by a more senior ranking spouse. The second realigns this according to the order of precedence when female members of the royal family are joined by their spouses of the blood Royal. This is done because when unaccompanied, blood relations of the sovereign are always accorded higher precedence than those who are married in. For example, when not accompanied by the Prince of Wales, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, ranks after Princess Alexandra, The Honorable Lady Ogilvy; when with him, she ranks above all women other than the reigning sovereign and any queens dowager. The same goes for spouses of the Queens Grandsons and their positioning with the Queens Granddaughters. For example, as a Princess of the blood Royal, Princess Beatrice of York outranks Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge if Catherine is unaccompanied by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge.[51][not in citation given]

Order of Precedence for female members of the royal family when not accompanying their husbands

Queens dowager (none surviving; most recently widowed first)

Order of Precedence for female members of the royal family when accompanying their husbands

High Officers of State, et al.[edit]

Nobility and Bishops[edit]

Gentry, et al.[edit]

Other lower ranks[edit]

  • Wives of viscounts' eldest sons
  • Viscounts' daughters not married to peers
  • Wives of younger sons of earls or of countesses in their own right
  • Wives of eldest sons of barons or baronesses
  • Daughters of barons or baronesses not married to peers

Ladies and Dames, et al.[edit]

Members of orders, et al.[edit]

  • Companions of orders
    • Companions of the Order of the Bath
    • Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
    • Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
    • Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of members of orders
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of the Bath
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of the Star of India
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of St Michael and St George
    • Wives of Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire
    • Wives of Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order
    • Wives of Commanders of the Order of the British Empire
    • Wives of Companions of the Distinguished Service Order
  • Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of Officers of the Order of the British Empire
  • Companions of the Imperial Service Order
  • Wives of Companions of the Imperial Service Order

Wives and daughters of peers, baronets, and knights, et al.[edit]

  • Wives of the eldest sons of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Daughters of sons of peers or peeresses
  • Wives of the eldest sons of baronets
  • Daughters of baronets
  • Wives of eldest sons of knights
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights of the Garter
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights of the Thistle
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights of St Patrick
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
    • Wives of eldest sons of Knights Commander
  • Daughters of knights:
    • Daughters of Knights of the Garter
    • Daughters of Knights of the Thistle
    • Daughters of Knights Grand Cross or Grand Commander
    • Daughters of Knights Commander
  • Members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Members of the Order of the British Empire
  • Wives of members of the Royal Victorian Order
  • Wives of members of the Order of the British Empire

Wives of younger sons[edit]

  • Wives of younger sons of baronets
  • Wives of younger sons of knights
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights of the Garter
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights of the Thistle
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights of St Patrick
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights Grand Cross or Knights Grand Commander
    • Wives of younger sons of Knights Commander

Local precedence[edit]

  • The Lord Lieutenant of the County
  • The High Sheriff of the County
  • The Lord Mayor
  • The (elected) mayor
  • The chairman of the county council
  • The deputy mayor
  • Aldermen
  • Councillors
  • Justices of the Peace
  • The clerk of the County Council
  • The town clerk
  • The chief constable
  • The county engineer or borough engineer

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d There is no specific place in the order for a great-grandchild of the Sovereign, no matter how senior in the order of succession. Prince George of Cambridge and Princess Charlotte of Cambridge are entitled to precedence as the eldest son and a daughter respectively of a Duke of the Blood Royal and Prince Louis of Cambridge is entitled to precedence as the younger son of a Duke of the Blood Royal, pursuant to the unrevoked Lord Chamberlain's Order of 1520 as amended in 1595.[1]
  2. ^ The Duke of Edinburgh was accorded precedence immediately after his wife's "except where otherwise provided by Act of Parliament" by Royal Warrant dated 18 September 1952.[2]
  3. ^ a b The title of Prime Minister was used unofficially in the 18th and 19th centuries for the First Lord of the Treasury; it first received official recognition with a Royal Warrant of 2 December 1905, which assigned the Prime Minister precedence immediately after that of the Archbishop of York.[9][10]
  4. ^ The speakership of the House of Lords was historically vested in the Lord Chancellor; following the creation of a separate office of Lord Speaker, its rank and precedence was established by Royal Warrant dated 4 July 2006 as being immediately after that of the Speaker of the House of Commons.[12][13]
  5. ^ When visiting the United Kingdom, cabinet ministers of foreign countries are given precedence immediately above that of their country's High Commissioner (if in the Commonwealth) or Ambassador (if not).
  6. ^ If the Master of the Horse holds a rank lower than a duke in the peerage, then by Royal Warrant dated 6 May 1907, he ranks next after the Lord Chamberlain.[17]
  7. ^ a b The number of bishops entitled to sit in the House of Lords has been fixed at 21 since the 16th century; they were all male until 2015, when women who are bishops began to be introduced to the House of Lords under the terms of the Lords Spiritual (Women) Act 2015.
  8. ^ Barons and baronesses for life created under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act 1876 and the Life Peerages Act 1958.
  9. ^ Lord Chalfont is the only life peer who outranks hereditary barons in seniority of creation.
  10. ^ Justices of the Supreme Court who are not peers have the right to the courtesy title of "Lord" or "Lady" for life by authority of Royal Warrant issued 10 December 2010.[33][34]
  11. ^ The Prime Minister determines the order of precedence for Secretaries of State. If she is absent from a Cabinet meeting, the chair is assumed by the highest-ranking Secretary of State present; the same rule is followed in Cabinet committees when both their chair and deputy chair are absent.[35] The current order of precedence can be found in the website of the Prime Minister's Office.[36]
  12. ^ The last Knight, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, died in 1974.
  13. ^ a b Privy Counsellors who do not already rank higher are mostly current or former politicians, civil servants, royal household staff, clergy and judiciary.
  14. ^ This office was historically held jointly with that of Lord Chief Justice; following their separation, a Royal Warrant dated 30 September 2005 declared that "the rank and precedence of the President of the Queen's Bench Division shall be so placed as to be in order immediately before the President of the Family Division".[43]
  15. ^ Rank and precedence set by Royal Warrant, dated 21 July 1958.[49]
  16. ^ Baronetcies belong to either of five baronetages, namely the Baronetages of England (1611–1705), Nova Scotia (1625–1706), Ireland (1620–1799), Great Britain (1707–1800) and the United Kingdom (1801–present); this does not affect their precedence in relation to each other.
  17. ^ a b The last Knight Grand Commander, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, Maharaja of Travancore, died in 1991.
  18. ^ The last Knight Commander, Tej Singh Prabhakar, Maharaja of Alwar, died in 2009.
  19. ^ The last Knight Commander, Meghrajji III, Maharaja of Dhrangadhra-Halvad, died in 2010.
  20. ^ In formal documents the word Knight or the abbreviation Kt. may be added. This style is often adopted by Knights Bachelor who are also peers, baronets or knights of the various statutory orders.[50]
  21. ^ The last Companion, Ronald Brockman, died in 1999.
  22. ^ The last Companion, Ian Dixon Scott, died in 2002.
  23. ^ The most recent, Anne Maxwell Macdonald, died in 2011.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Squibb, G.D. (1981). "The Lord Chamberlain's Order of 1520, as amended in 1595". Order of Precedence in England and Wales. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. pp. 99–101.
  2. ^ "No. 39657". The London Gazette. 30 September 1952. p. 5147.
  3. ^ Also Lord High Admiral since 10 June 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e House of Lords Precedence Act (31 Henry VIII C. 10), Section 4
  5. ^ ordered according to the rules of primogeniture
  6. ^ Legally HRH Prince James of Wessex according to the 1917 Letters Patent as a male-line grandchildren of a monarch, but styled as an earl's son per his parents' wishes on their wedding day and the will of the Queen.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Order of Precedence in England and Wales". Heraldica. 2001. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k House of Lords Precedence Act 1539 House of Lords Precedence Act (31 Henry VIII C. 10), Section 10
  9. ^ Brazier, Rodney (1997). Ministers of the Crown. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-19-825988-3.
  10. ^ "No. 27860". The London Gazette. 5 December 1905. p. 8735.
  11. ^ "No. 31380". The London Gazette. 3 June 1919. p. 7059.
  12. ^ "The College of Arms Newsletter, No. 11". College of Arms. December 2006. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  13. ^ "No. 58050". The London Gazette. 21 July 2006. p. 9986.
  14. ^ a b c d "No. 59201". The London Gazette. 1 October 2009.
  15. ^ a b "No. 58529". The London Gazette. 30 November 2007. p. 17439.
  16. ^ "No. 38487". The London Gazette. 24 December 1948. p. 6670.
  17. ^ "No. 28019". The London Gazette. 7 May 1907. pp. 3080–3081.
  18. ^ Excepting The Duke of Norfolk, who ranks higher as Earl Marshal.
  19. ^ Excepting The Marquess of Cholmondeley, who ranks higher as Lord Great Chamberlain.
  20. ^ Excepting The Earl of Dalhousie, who ranks higher as Lord Steward of the Household.
  21. ^ Excepting The Earl of Wessex and The Earl of Snowdon, who rank higher as members of the royal family.
  22. ^ Excepting The Earl Peel, who ranks higher as Lord Chamberlain of the Household.
  23. ^ Excepting The Viscount Severn (son of the Earl of Wessex), who rank higher as members of the royal family.
  24. ^ Excepting The Archbishops of Canterbury and York who ranks higher as the Primate of All England and the Primate of England respectively.
  25. ^ Excepting The Lord Fowler, who ranks higher as Lord Speaker.
  26. ^ Excepting The Lord Burnett of Maldon, who ranks higher as Lord Chief Justice.
  27. ^ Excepting The Lord Vestey, who ranks higher as Master of the Horse.
  28. ^ The Lord Carey of Clifton and The Lord Williams of Oystermouth, who rank higher as retired Archbishops of Canterbury.
  29. ^ The Lord Habgood and The Lord Hope of Thornes, who rank higher as retired Archbishops of York.
  30. ^ The Lord Chartres and John Pritchard, who ranks higher as a retired Bishop of London.
  31. ^ The Lord Harries of Pentregarth and , who ranks higher as a retired Bishop of Oxford.
  32. ^ He ranks higher as a life peer.
  33. ^ "Press Notice – Courtesy titles for Justices of the Supreme Court" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  34. ^ "No. 59746". The London Gazette. 1 April 2011. pp. 6177–6178.
  35. ^ Cabinet Office (2011). The Cabinet Manual (PDF). p. 35. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  36. ^ "Ministers". Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  37. ^ He ranks higher as Lord High Chancellor.
  38. ^ Who are not already ranked higher in precedence as peers or royalty.
  39. ^ Who are not already ranked higher in precedence as peers or royalty.
  40. ^ He ranks higher as a non-royal duke.
  41. ^ He ranks higher as a Privy Counsellor.
  42. ^ He ranks higher as a Privy Counsellor.
  43. ^ "No. 57794". The London Gazette. 24 October 2005. p. 13701.
  44. ^ He ranks higher as a Privy Counsellor
  45. ^ He ranks higher as a Privy Counsellor.
  46. ^ He ranks higher as a Privy Counsellor.
  47. ^ Lords Justices of Appeal are customarily made Privy Counsellors, and thus rank accordingly.
  48. ^ Judges of the High Court are customarily made Knights Bachelor and thus rank accordingly, when they retire.
  49. ^ "No. 41454". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 July 1958. pp. 4641–4642.
  50. ^ "General information". Imperial Society of Knights Bachelor. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  51. ^ "Precedence Amongst Ladies in England and Wales". Debrett's. n.d. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.